Stuart J. Russell

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Stuart Russell
Stuart Russell 01.jpg
Born
Stuart Jonathan Russell

1962 (age 58–59)
Portsmouth, England
NationalityEnglish-American
Alma materUniversity of Oxford (BA)
Stanford University (PhD)
Known forArtificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsArtificial Intelligence[2][3]
Institutions
ThesisAnalogical and Inductive Reasoning (1987)
Doctoral advisorMichael Genesereth[4]
Websitepeople.eecs.berkeley.edu/~russell/ Edit this at Wikidata

Stuart Jonathan Russell OBE (born 1962) is an English computer scientist known for his contributions to artificial intelligence.[5][3] He is a Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley and Adjunct Professor of Neurological Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco.[2][6] He holds the Smith-Zadeh Chair in Engineering at University of California, Berkeley.[7] He founded and leads the Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence (CHAI) at UC Berkeley.[8] Russell is the co-author of the most popular textbook in the field of artificial intelligence: Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach used in more than 1,500 universities in 135 countries.[9]

Education and early life[edit]

Stuart Russell was born in Portsmouth, England. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree with first-class honours in Physics from the University of Oxford where he was an undergraduate student at Wadham College, Oxford in 1982. He moved to the United States where he completed his PhD in Computer Science at Stanford University in 1986 for research on inductive reasoning and analogical reasoning supervised by Michael Genesereth.[4][10]

Career and research[edit]

After his PhD, he joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley, where he has been Professor of Computer Science since 1996.[11] He also holds an appointment as Adjunct Professor of Neurological Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, where he pursues research in computational physiology and intensive-care unit monitoring.[2][6] He is also a fellow at Wadham College, Oxford.[7] His research on the history and future of Artificial Intelligence (AI)[12] and its relation to humanity includes machine learning,[13] probabilistic reasoning, knowledge representation, planning, real-time decision making, multitarget tracking, computer vision,[14] inverse reinforcement learning,[8] and the movement to ban the manufacture and use of autonomous weapons.[15][16]

In 2016, he founded the Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence at UC Berkeley, with co-principal investigators Pieter Abbeel, Anca Dragan, Tom Griffiths, Bart Selman, Joseph Halpern, Michael Wellman and Satinder Singh Baveja.[17] Russell is the author of many journal articles[18] as well as several books, including The Use of Knowledge in Analogy and Induction and co-author of Do the Right Thing: Studies in Limited Rationality (with Eric Wefald).[14][19] Along with Peter Norvig, he is the author of Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach,[20] a textbook used by over 1,400 universities in 116 countries.[21] He is on the Scientific Advisory Board for the Future of Life Institute[22] and the Advisory Board of the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk.[23]

In 2017, he collaborated with the Future of Life Institute to produce a video, Slaughterbots, about swarms of drones assassinating political opponents, and presented this to a United Nations meeting about the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.[24][25]

In 2018, he contributed an interview to the documentary Do You Trust This Computer?[26]

His book, Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control, was published by Viking on 8 October 2019.[27]

Awards and honors[edit]

Stuart Russell was co-winner, in 1995, of the IJCAI Computers and Thought Award at the International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence, the premier international award in artificial intelligence for researchers under 35.[28] In 2003, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery[29] and in 2011 he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.[30] In 2005, he was awarded the ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award.[31] In 2012, he was appointed to the Blaise Pascal Chair in Paris, awarded to "internationally acclaimed foreign scientists in all disciplines," as well as the senior Chaire d'excellence of France's Agence Nationale de la Recherche.[32] Russell is Vice Chair of the World Economic Forum's Council on AI and Robotics. He is also a fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI). Other awards he has received include the National Science Foundation's Presidential Young Investigator Award, the World Technology Award, the Mitchell Prize, and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Outstanding Educator Award.[14]

Russell was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2021 Birthday Honours for services to artificial intelligence research.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elected AAAI Fellows". aaai.org.
  2. ^ a b c Stuart J. Russell publications indexed by Google Scholar Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b Russell, Stuart; Hauert, Sabine; Altman, Russ; Veloso, Manuela (2015). "Robotics: Ethics of artificial intelligence". Nature. 521 (7553): 415–418. Bibcode:2015Natur.521..415.. doi:10.1038/521415a. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 26017428.
  4. ^ a b Stuart J. Russell at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Edit this at Wikidata
  5. ^ Russell, Stuart J.; Tegmark, Max; Hawking, Stephen; Wilczek, Frank (2014). "Transcending Complacency on Superintelligent Machines". HuffPost.
  6. ^ a b Stuart Russell's ORCID 0000-0001-5252-4306
  7. ^ a b "Stuart Russell". Berkeley EECS. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  8. ^ a b "UC Berkeley launches Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence". Berkeley University of California. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  9. ^ "1464 Schools Worldwide That Have Adopted AIMA". aima.cs.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  10. ^ Russell, Stuart Jonathan (1987). Analogical and Inductive Reasoning. acm.org (PhD thesis). Stanford University. OCLC 19777975. ProQuest 303637665. (subscription required)
  11. ^ "Stuart Russell's Resumé, Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley". Retrieved 1 August 2011.
  12. ^ Russell, Stuart (August 2017). "Artificial intelligence: The future is superintelligent". Nature. 548 (7669): 520–521. Bibcode:2017Natur.548..520R. doi:10.1038/548520a. ISSN 0028-0836.
  13. ^ Polonski, Vyacheslav (25 May 2018). "Here's Why AI Can't Solve Everything". The Conversation. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  14. ^ a b c "Stuart J. Russell". Berkeley EECS. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  15. ^ Markoff, John (12 May 2016). "Pentagon Turns to Silicon Valley for Edge in Artificial Intelligence". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  16. ^ "Ban on killer robots urgently needed, say scientists". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  17. ^ "UC Berkeley launches Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence". news.berkeley.edu.
  18. ^ "Stuart Russell Publications". Berkeley EECS. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  19. ^ "Professor Stuart Russell - The Long-Term Future of (Artificial) Intelligence". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  20. ^ Russell, Stuart J.; Norvig, Peter (2010). Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall. ISBN 9780136042594. OCLC 1041391921.
  21. ^ "Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach", aima.cs.berkeley.edu, University of California, Berkeley, 2013, retrieved 6 July 2015
  22. ^ Who We Are, Future of Life Institute, 2014, archived from the original on 7 May 2014, retrieved 7 May 2014
  23. ^ Who We Are, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, 2014, archived from the original on 18 July 2014, retrieved 1 August 2014
  24. ^ Ian Sample (13 November 2017), "Ban on killer robots urgently needed, say scientists", The Guardian
  25. ^ Anon (14 December 2017), "Military robots are getting smaller and more capable", The Economist
  26. ^ "Meet the experts". doyoutrustthiscomputer.org. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  27. ^ Russell, Stuart (8 October 2019). Human Compatible : Artificial intelligence and the question of control. [S.l.]: Viking. ISBN 978-0525558613. OCLC 1083694322.
  28. ^ "International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence – Awards". ijcai.org.
  29. ^ "ACM Fellows – ACM Award". acm.org.
  30. ^ "About AAAS". Archived from the original on 13 January 2012.
  31. ^ "Professor Stuart J Russell – Award Winner". acm.org. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012.
  32. ^ Anon (2012). "Programme : " Chaires d'Excellence "" (PDF). agence-nationale-recherche.fr. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2014.
  33. ^ "No. 63377". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 2021. p. B25.