The Student (newspaper)
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|Founder(s)||Robert Louis Stevenson|
|Editor||Niamh Anderson and Polly Smythe|
|Headquarters||The Pleasance, Edinburgh|
|Circulation||4,000 (25,000 per month online)|
The Student is a weekly independent newspaper produced by students at the University of Edinburgh. It was founded in 1887 by Robert Louis Stevenson, making it the UK's oldest student newspaper. It held the title of Best Student Newspaper in Scotland, awarded by the Herald Student Press Awards in 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2010.
The newspaper has been independent of the university since 1992, but maintains a commercial agreement with the Edinburgh University Students' Association.
The newspaper is produced by volunteers, who fit this work around their studies. The newspaper is distributed on a Wednesday and usually consists of 32 pages. It has a physical circulation of 4,000 copies per issue and is read by some 30,000 people in Edinburgh.
- 1 History
- 2 Controversy
- 2.1 Resignation of the Rector
- 2.2 Chris Brand
- 2.3 Financial collapse
- 2.4 Anti-Gaelic bigotry'
- 2.5 'Page Three' feature
- 2.6 "Pure" controversy
- 2.7 JK Rowling interview
- 2.8 Princess Royal appointment headline controversy
- 2.9 EUSA censorship row
- 2.10 Students detained at Old College following arrival of Princess Anne
- 3 Notable former editors and staff members
- 4 Footnotes and references
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
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The Student was founded in 1887 by Robert Louis Stevenson. It started as a small weekly magazine, published by the Students' Representative Council. A typical, turn-of-the-century edition of The Student would open with a short biography of a notable person and an editorial. The remaining content largely comprised notes from various societies, sports results, poetry and literary reviews, and profiles of newly appointed lecturers. The magazine was supported by advertising, but cost two pence.
By the 1970s, The Student had become a weekly newspaper, roughly Berliner in format. The running of the newspaper was by this stage in the control of the Student Publications Board, a body independent of the university. It was during the first half of the 1970s that Gordon Brown was a news editor. The type of content had shifted to reflect the times: a typical copy would contain pages on news, the environment, society, features, politics and entertainment. By this point, the price had risen to five pence.
The 1990s saw the introduction of computers to the newspaper; the offices were also moved from the Student Publications Board offices at 1 Buccleuch Place to their present location in the Pleasance, anecdotally held to be space reclaimed after the closure of a monkey-testing lab. Initially, the newspaper was laid out on Apple Macintosh computers. During this period, Darius Danesh briefly wrote for the paper, as a film and music critic.
In 1992 Student, which had been selling for 20 pence, was dropped by the student union as part of a cost-cutting exercise. A grant of £5,000 from the University Development Fund allowed it to continue as a student society for a few years. By 1997 the newspaper was under severe financial pressure, selling only around a thousand copies a week at 20 pence each, the advertising was largely ineffective. During the course of the year the newspaper stopped publishing to avoid going into debt and a relaunch was scheduled for the start of the Autumn term with a shift towards a free distribution model. This shift resulted in a wholesale change in how the newspaper was produced. For the first time the newspaper was printed on a web offset press, full colour printing was available and the newspaper was fully produced on computers not old fashioned light boxes. The initial circulation after the relaunch was around 5,000 copies distributed through cardboard stands around the various university campuses. To ease the transition the newspaper was published on a fortnightly basis for a year. After a successful advertising funded first year the newspaper returned to being published weekly and within two years the circulation crept up to over 12,000 copies a week aided by initiatives such as a second edition catering to the other universities within Edinburgh and a seven-day TV guide.
The paper, now a tabloid in format, won the Herald Student Media Award for best newspaper in 1998, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2010 and the Guardian Student Media Awards for 'Best Newspaper on a Shoestring' in 2001. The paper was redesigned several times in the lead-up to the millennium and winning the Herald Award for its design in 2004. After failing to win the same award the following year, the paper was again radically redesigned in 2006.
Many of The Student's former writers have gone on to become internationally renowned journalists and politicians. Past staff members of Student include the former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown; Lord Steel; Robin Cook; and many of Fleet Street's reporters and editors. Recent graduates include Guardian staff writer and editor Helen Pidd and BBC radio reporter Chris Page.
Resignation of the Rector
Having been elected rector in 1966, Malcolm Muggeridge was goaded by the Student editor Anna Coote (now head of social policy for the think tank NEF) to support the call for contraceptive pills to be available at the University Health Centre. He used a sermon at St. Giles' Cathedral in January 1968 to resign the post in protest against the Student Representative Council's views on "pot and pills." This sermon was published under the title "Another King". Anna Coote was subsequently suspended as editor by the SRC. The following rectorial election was won by Kenneth Allsop.
University lecturer Chris Brand, who had published controversial work on race and intelligence, and had castigated perceived feminist promiscuity, single-parenting and paedohysteria, was asked to leave the university in 1997 for bringing it into "disrepute". The Student had been instrumental in calling for his sacking after his book, The g Factor, was published. Finally, Brand was compensated for unfair dismissal; and The Student published in 2003 a further example of his psychorealism, urging girls to 'keep their (pubic) hair on' so as to improve their romantic chances.
In early 2002, The Student's continuous run came to an end when the newspaper faced "five-figure debts". The official explanation was that the post-11 September 2001 climate had caused a downturn in advertising, something being widely claimed by other newspapers at the time. The newspaper was relaunched at the start of the 2002-3 academic year and advertising sales, which had been traditionally managed internally, began to be handled by the advertising department of the Students' Association, though the paper's committee now includes a Head of Advertising. The paper recovered quickly, returning to weekly publication with a redesign soon after the start of the next academic year.
The newspaper caused some controversy in 2004 when a television listing, mocking the Scottish Gaelic, was republished around the internet A flurry of angry, concerned and threatening letters, largely condemning all who worked at the newspaper as bigots, followed; that the listings in question were traditionally deliberately offensive was not taken into account, due to the out-of-context nature of the forwarded message.
'Page Three' feature
In early 2005, The Student published an editorial discussing Page 3 and nudity in the media, accompanied by two full-page, semi-naked glamour model photographs: one male, one female. The newspaper received a complaint from the university's Islamic Society (ISocEd) as a result. The local newspaper Edinburgh Evening News published a story regarding the feature, which was subsequently picked up by several national newspapers. The photograph of the female model – who was wearing underwear and a scarf covering her nipples – was reprinted alongside each of these articles.
Newspapers claimed there had been "floods of complaints" and that the female model was in hiding. Furthermore, Catherine Harper of Scottish Women Against Pornography said that "[This] will lead students to only view women as a pair of breasts." However, The Sun defended the publication of a page similar to its own and even offered the model a place in its paper.
The Students' Association and university representatives declined to comment on the feature, and the story eventually died out.
In November 2006 The Student ran a series of front pages highlighting the Christian Union's "Pure" course which allegedly taught that homosexuality was a "curable condition." The main complaint of The Student was that the course was being taught at the Chaplaincy Centre, which is a university building. This raised concerns in regards to the university's anti-discrimination policy. What followed was a temporary ban of the "Pure" course and a subsequent threats of litigation. The story became a national press fiasco, though The Student was one of the first to break the story.
JK Rowling interview
In early March 2008, The Student published an interview with JK Rowling, author of the best-selling Harry Potter series. Rowling told The Student journalist Adeel Amini that she had considered suicide during her mid-20s but that she had overcome depression through counselling. On 23 March, newspapers from around the world, including USA Today, the British newspaper The Times, and several major Indian newspapers published the excerpt from Amini's interview.
Princess Royal appointment headline controversy
In October 2011, The Student ran the headline "A fucking disgrace"  for its coverage of the appointment and inauguration of Princess Anne as Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh. The quote was from a student on-looker for the protests outside Old College. University administration banned the particular copy of The Student from distribution in academic buildings, citing offence caused to their staff members as the reason.
EUSA censorship row
In January and February 2013, "The Edinburgh University Students' Association" took out an interdict against The Student to stop them publishing a story rumoured to be related to Max Crema, an EUSA sabbatical officer. The paper was forced to withhold thousands of copies from distribution. The Student then responded with articles condemning the association for censorship. These documents show that the board of trustees were advised to consider terminating Max Crema's employment due to potential gross misconduct.
On 26 February, ex-Features editor of the Student Cameron Taylor submitted two motions to EUSA, one a vote of no confidence against Max Crema and one a motion to censure James McAsh (President of EUSA), and after a Comment piece published in the Student explaining his actions, it was revealed that he was behind the anonymous Facebook page and blog 'Are you happy with EUSA?'. An Emergency Special General Meeting was called for 6.30pm on Wednesday 6 March in George Square Lecture Theatre, to debate the two motions. The Student published an interview where editors Alistair Grant and Nina Seale interviewed both James McAsh and Max Crema about the actions they were being held accountable for. On 1 March, student John Wallace submitted another motion to hold a vote of no confidence against James McAsh. Both motions fell well short of the two thirds majority required.
Students detained at Old College following arrival of Princess Anne
In October 2013, The Student released a story stating that two students were removed from campus buildings and detained by royal protection officers ahead of a visit from Princess Anne, with one of the students being subject to xenophobic abuse from university security guards. The story was picked up by national newspapers such as The Independent 
Notable former editors and staff members
- Gordon Brown (former Prime Minister)
- Robin Cook (former Foreign Secretary)
- David Steel (former leader, Liberal Party)
- Will Lyons (Columnist, The Wall Street Journal)
- Noam Friedlander (Author of Celebrity Biography)
- Helen Pidd (Northern Editor, The Guardian)
- Bill Turnbull (journalist and newsreader for the BBC)
- A S Neill (Progressive Educator, founder of Summerhill School)
- Amy Liptrot (Author of The Outrun)
Footnotes and references
- The Student Newspaper | Edinburgh University Students' Association Website
- Denham, Jess (13 September 2016). "30 things you never knew about the UK's universities". The independent. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- The Student, Volume XIV (Winter 1899–1900)
- The Student, 14 November 1975
- IQ Researcher Suspended for Views on Paedophilia by Holden, Constance (22 November 1996). . Science.
- Curtis, Polly (24 May 2002). "Edinburgh Student newspaper folds". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- 'Student' newspaper in anti-Scots racism row (24 May 2004). . Indymedia Scotland.
- Lessware, Jonathan (11 February 2005). "Student newspaper sparks 'Page 3' row". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Denholm, Andrew (7 February 2013). "Historic student paper in legal row". The Herald. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Fawkes, Guido. "Leaked Documents Behind Scots Court Silencing Student Paper". Guido Fawkes. Retrieved 25 February 2013.