Student Senate for California Community Colleges

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Coordinates: 38°34′18.8″N 121°29′42.2″W / 38.571889°N 121.495056°W / 38.571889; -121.495056

Student Senate for
California Community Colleges
Student Senate for CCC logo.jpg
FormationApril 29, 2015; 4 years ago (2015-04-29)[1]
FounderOmar Paz Jr.[2]
TypeNonprofit corporation[3]
47–5327498, tax status: Federal [4][5] and State[6]
Registration no.C3782868 [7]
Legal statusActive,[8] definition of [9]
PurposeCharitable,[10] R.C.T. file number CT0227572 [11]
Location
MethodsLegislative advocacy
and participation in state-level shared governance
A president and 6 vice presidents[13]
Foundation for California Community Colleges[14]
  Directors list
Region 1
Cody Garber


Region 2
Colm Fitzgerald
Anjru De Leon


Region 3
Ya'Mese Johnson
Yuvia Mendoza


Region 4
Chantal Nyugen
Jakob Massie


Region 5
Stephen Patrick Kodur
Johnathan Clint Maddon


Region 6


Region 7
Rugmini Vasquez
Yongha Hwang


Region 8
Hang N T Vejar (TiNa Vejar)


Region 9
Crystal Katherine Williams
Tariq Azime


Region 10
Van Dao Minh Anh
Revenue
$315,002; FYE 6-30-2018[15]
Websitestudentsenateccc.org

Student Senate for California Community Colleges (SSCCC) is a nonprofit corporation. SSCCC endeavors to "improve student access, promote student success, engage and empower local student leaders, and enrich the collegiate experience for all California community college students".[16] The United States Internal Revenue Service has determined that SSCCC is organized for charitable purposes and that SSCCC is exempt from federal income tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.[4]

SSCCC came into existence on April 29, 2015 when a document titled "Articles of Incorporation of Student Senate for California Community Colleges" was filed in the office of the California Secretary of State.[1][17] The Articles were filed in accordance with Section 5120(a) of the California "Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law".[18][19]

The activities of SSCCC are conducted and its powers are exercised by or under the direction of a "board of directors", as required by law.[20]

History[edit]

Establishment and incorporation[edit]

In March of 1988 the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges[21] adopted a "formal policy on Consultation". The policy on Consultation included "a Standing Order which set up seven councils", including a "Council of Student Body Governments".[22] In September of 1990 the Board of Governors recognized the Council of Student Body Governments "as the official organization representing students in the statewide Consultation process".[23]

In 1996 the Council of Student Body Governments was renamed the "Student Senate".[24] Later that year, the Board of Governors recognized the Student Senate "as the representative of community college-associated student organizations before the Board of Governors and the Chancellor's Office".[25] The operation of the Student Senate was funded by the State of California in accordance with California Education Code Section 71040.[26]

On October 18, 2002, Thomas J. Nussbaum (who was then the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges[27]) and the California Student Association of Community Colleges signed a memorandum of understanding which provided that the elected members of the association's "Policy Board" would serve ex-officio as the members of the Student Senate.[28] In May 2005 Chancellor Marshall (Mark) Drummond rescinded the memorandum of understanding.[29]

On May 7, 2006 community college students established an "unincorporated association" named "Student Senate for California Community Colleges".[30][31] The association solicited and received charitable contributions. It also solicited and received donations of student representation fees that had been collected in accordance with California Education Code Section 76060.5.[32] The members of the association's governing body (its "Student Senate Council") served ex-officio as the members of the Council of Student Body Governments (which had been renamed the "Student Senate").

In 2013 the unincorporated SSCCC supported the amendment of Section 76060.5.[33][34] Amendments to Section 76060.5 were enacted and became effective on January 1, 2014. The amendments provide, in part, that "a statewide community college student organization" must be "established as a legal entity registered with the Secretary of State" in order to qualify to receive distributions of student representation fees from the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges.[35] A nonprofit California corporation named "Student Senate for California Community Colleges" was established by Omar Paz Jr. in 2015 as a means of fulfilling the "legal entity" requirement in Section 76060.5, as amended. The name "California Community Colleges" is the property of the State of California.[36] SSCCC has permission to use the words "California Community Colleges" in the corporate name "Student Senate for California Community Colleges".[37]

Predecessor organizations[edit]

The unincorporated SSCCC was established in May 2006. It was preceded by several similar organizations: the California Junior College Association;[38] the California Community College Student Government Association;[39] the Community College Student Lobby;[40] and the California Student Association of Community Colleges (CalSACC).[41]

CalSACC logo.

CalSACC was established on November 15, 1987.[42] In 1999, CalSACC's membership included 72 community college student body associations. By 2005, CalSACC's membership had dwindled to just 31 student body associations.[28] And by 2007, CalSACC had become "virtually non-existent".[43] In 2008 CalSACC's remaining assets [44] were donated to the unincorporated SSCCC. The sum of $57,150.53 was transferred to the SSCCC on June 3, 2008.

CalSACC had ten organizational subdivisions, which were called "regions". During the gradual disintegration and ultimate dissolution of CalSACC, its regions continued functioning autonomously. On May 6 and 7, 2006, community college student leaders from throughout California gathered at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in San Diego, California. They considered several model constitutions for a new statewide student organization. They adopted constitutional model "E" by a vote of 59 in favor and 11 opposed.[45] That model grouped the former CalSACC regions together under the name "Student Senate for California Community Colleges". Then, each of the ten former CalSACC regions selected two representatives, and those 20 representatives ratified the SSCCC constitution on May 7, 2006. The former CalSACC regions subsequently changed their names to reflect the fact that they had become regions of the SSCCC.

Western steps and entrance of the California State Capitol.

Noteworthy events[edit]

On March 5, 2012 the SSCCC, the California State Student Association, and the University of California Student Association sponsored a rally at the California State Capitol. About 8,000 people gathered on the western steps of the capitol and listened to speeches by student leaders and by state leaders, including Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom, Assembly Speaker John Pérez, and Senate President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg.[46] After the rally, protestors from the Occupy movement entered the capitol and refused to leave. Officers of the California Highway Patrol arrested 72 people for trespassing.[47] These events generated dozens of news reports.[48]

Governance[edit]

SSCCC regions map.

Each community college student body association[49] may accept and hold one SSCCC membership. Each SSCCC member may authorize a natural person to cast votes on its behalf on matters which may require a vote of the SSCCC members.[50] A natural person who is authorized to cast votes on behalf of a SSCCC member is referred to as a "Delegate" and a meeting of the SSCCC members is known as a "Delegate Assembly". A "Fall Delegate Assembly" is usually held during the month of October or November and a "Spring Delegate Assembly" is usually held during the month of April or May.

SSCCC has divided the territory of the State of California into 10 geographic regions.[51] The Delegates in a region may hold regional meetings and may elect up to 3 Directors. SSCCC may therefore have up to 30 Directors. The Directors are voting members of SSCCC's Board of Directors.

A meeting of the Board of Directors may elect a Director to the office of president and may elect 6 other Directors to the office of vice president. These elections usually take place during the month of July. When a Director is elected to the office of president or vice president, that event creates a vacancy in the office of Director. The vacancy may subsequently be filled by a vote of the Delegates at a regional meeting. The president and vice presidents are voting members of the Board of Directors. The president presides over meetings of the Board. The president or vice presidents preside over the meetings of various committees of the Board. Meetings of the Delegate Assembly, the Board, and committees of the Board are all held in accordance with the California Public Records Act and the Ralph M. Brown Act.

SSCCC has the legal authority to "Adopt, amend, and repeal bylaws".[52] The bylaws may contain "any provision, not in conflict with law or the articles, for the management of the activities and for the conduct of the affairs of the corporation".[53] A Delegate Assembly (a meeting of the SSCCC members) adopted bylaws on April 29, 2016. The bylaws (a document consisting of 8 pages) became effective on July 1, 2016. The bylaws are titled "Student Senate for California Community Colleges Constitution".[54]

Principal office and officers[edit]

California Community Colleges building, 1102 Q Street, Sacramento, California.

A "Statement of Information" about SSCCC was filed in the office of the California Secretary of State on June 3, 2019. A copy of that statement is posted on the Secretary of State's website.[55]

The Statement of Information indicates that the street address of SSCCC's principal office in California is: 1102 Q Street, Suite 4800, Sacramento, California 95811. The statement shows that Iishaa Youngblood is SSCCC's chief executive officer, that Gabriel Alfaro is the secretary, and that Lawrence Su is the chief financial officer. The statement also shows that Foundation for California Community Colleges is SSCCC's agent for service of process.

Lobbying[edit]

Education Code Section 76060.5 authorizes the collection and expenditure of student representation fees. Subdivision (c)(1) of Section 76060.5 provides that such fees "shall be expended to establish and support the operations of a statewide community college student organization, recognized by the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, with effective student representation and participation in state-level community college shared governance and with governmental affairs representatives to advocate before the Legislature and other state and local governmental entities".

SSCCC's representatives participate in state-level community college shared governance by serving as members of a "Consultation Council" [56] established by the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges. SSCCC's Legislative Affairs representatives engage in legislative advocacy by contacting members of the California Legislature and by testifying before committees of the Legislature. Efforts to influence the decisions of California legislators and officials must be conducted in accordance with the "Political Reform Act of 1974".[57] The provisions of that Act are administered by the Political Reform Division of the California Secretary of State's office.[58]

Board of Governors' recognition of SSCCC[edit]

The Council of Student Body Governments "was ultimately renamed the Student Senate for purposes of the Consultation Process (the statewide shared governance program) and the Board of Governors Standing Orders".[59] The Board of Governors has recognized the Student Senate (formerly the Council of Student Body Governments) "as the representative of community college students in conjunction with the associated student organizations in the Consultation Process and before the Board of Governors and Chancellor's Office".[60] The Chancellor has established a "Consultation Council" in accordance with the Board of Governors' policy on Consultation and applicable law.[61] The members of SSCCC's Board of Directors are serving ex-officio as the members of the Student Senate, and the President and the Vice President of System Affairs of SSCCC are serving as members of the Consultation Council.[62]

On March 20, 2017 the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges approved a "Memorandum of Understanding" which recognizes that SSCCC is a statewide community college student organization within the meaning of California Education Code Section 76060.5.[63] That recognition makes SSCCC eligible to receive distributions of student representation fees from the Board of Governors. The Memorandum of Understanding provides that the Board of Governors may cancel the memorandum upon thirty days written notice to SSCCC.[64]

Student Aid Commission nominees[edit]

The California Student Aid Commission has 15 members, including 2 student members. The student members of the Commission are nominated by student organizations and appointed by the Governor of California, with those appointments being subject to confirmation by the California State Senate.

The Student Aid Commission has delegated to its Director (its chief executive officer) the power to determine whether a particular student organization is "a composite group of at least five representative student government associations".[65] The Director may invite student organizations that meet this standard to nominate three to five students to serve as members of the Commission. The Director has determined that SSCCC is "a composite group of at least five representative student government associations" and that SSCCC is eligible to nominate students to serve as members of the Commission. The Director periodically invites SSCCC to submit a list of nominees to the Governor.[66]

Reports to the California Attorney General[edit]

Seal of the California Attorney General.

SSCCC is registered with the California Attorney General's Registry of Charitable Trusts.[67] SSCCC is required by law to "file with the Attorney General periodic written reports, under oath, setting forth information as to the nature of the assets held for charitable purposes".[68] SSCCC's report for the period beginning April 29, 2015 and ending December 31, 2015 shows that SSCCC's revenue was $0 and that its total assets had a value of $0.[69] The report for January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016 shows revenue of $0 and total assets of $0.[70] The report for January 1, 2017 through June 30, 2017 shows revenue of $0 and total assets of $0.[71] Each of these reports was signed on November 2, 2017 by Courtney L. Cooper, who was at that time SSCCC's "chief executive officer".[72]

SSCCC's report for the period beginning July 1, 2017 and ending June 30, 2018 shows that SSCCC's revenue was $315,002 and that its total assets had a value of $316,231. The report was received by the California Attorney General on May 15, 2019. The report includes a complete copy of SSCCC's "Form 990" report to the United States Internal Revenue Service.

Accountant's Review Report[edit]

SSCCC has produced financial statements for the fiscal year that ended on June 30, 2018. Those financial statements were reviewed by a California-licensed accountancy firm named Gilbert Associates, Inc.[73] The firm concluded, "Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying financial statements in order for them to be in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America".[74]

Voting members of SSCCC[edit]

Alan Crane (of Bakersfield College) was elected to the office of SSCCC president in 2007. During his tenure, the membership of SSCCC included 30 student body associations.[75] By 2017, that number had increased to 74 student body associations.[76]

    The voting membership of SSCCC includes the following student body associations:
Associated Students of Sierra College
Associated Students College of Marin
Associated Students of Barstow College
Associated Students of Merritt College, Inc.
Associated Students of Santa Monica College
Associated Students of Yuba College
College of the Sequoias Student Senate
Butte College Associated Students
Associated Students of Chabot College
Chaffey College Student Government
Associated Students of College of the Desert
Associated Students of Cabrillo College
Associated Students of Cerritos College
Student Government of Cerro Coso
Associated Students of Palomar College
Associated Students of Grossmont College
Associated Students of Crafton Hills College
Associated Students of College of Alameda
Associated Students (at Cypress College)
De Anza Associated Student Body
Associated Students of Foothill College
Associated Students of Diablo Valley College
Associated Students of Fullerton College
Associated Students of Laney College
Associated Student Body of Lassen College
Associated Students of Mendocino College
Associated Students of Merced College
Associated Students of Moorpark College
Associated Students of Norco College
Associated Students of Oxnard College
College of the Sequoias Student Senate
Associated Students of Golden West College
Associated Students of Orange Coast College
Shasta College Student Senate
Associated Students of Mt. San Antonio College
Associated Students of Moreno Valley College
Associated Students of Riverside City College
Associated Students of College of the Redwoods
Associated Student Government (at Reedley College)
Associated Students of Solano Community College
Associated Student Organization of Southwestern College
Associated Students of Woodland Community College
West Hills College Lemoore Associated Student Body
Associated Student Body of Victor Valley College
Associated Student Organization of West Valley College
Associated Student Government of MiraCosta College
Associated Student Government of Mission College
Fresno City College Associated Student Government
Associated Students Government of Imperial Valley College
Associated Student Union of East Los Angeles College
Associated Students Organization of El Camino College
Associated Students of Evergreen Valley College
Sacramento City College Student Associated Council
Associated Student Government of Cuyamaca College
Associated Student Government of Santa Barbara City College
Associated Student Body Government of Allan Hancock College
Associated Students of Copper Mountain College
Associated Students of LTCC (at Lake Tahoe Community College)
Associated Student Body (at American River College)
Associated Student Government (at Clovis Community College)
Associated Student Body (at Long Beach City College)
Bakersfield College Student Government Association
Associated Student Union of Contra Costa College
Los Angeles Mission College Associated Student Organization
Los Angeles Pierce College Associated Student Organization
Associated Student Union of Los Angeles Valley College
Coastline Community College Associated Student Government
Associated Student Government of San Bernardino Valley College
Associated Students Government of San Diego City College
SRJC Associated Students (at Santa Rosa Junior College)
The Associated Student Government of the Madera/Oakhurst Centers
Associated Student Government of Santa Ana College
Santiago Canyon College Associated Student Government
Associated Student Organization (at Los Angeles Trade–Technical College)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Articles of Incorporation of Student Senate for California Community Colleges was filed in the office of the California Secretary of State on April 29, 2015. The filing of the Articles initiated SSCCC's existence as a corporation; see California Corporations Code Section 5120(c).
  2. ^ Omar Paz Jr. signed SSCCC's articles of incorporation and he thereby became SSCCC's founder and "Incorporator".
  3. ^ SSCCC is classified as a "Domestic Nonprofit" corporation.
  4. ^ a b The U.S. Internal Revenue Service has determined that SSCCC is exempt from taxation under §501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.
  5. ^ SSCCC is a public charity (PC) and is eligible to receive tax-deductible charitable contributions. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  6. ^ In 2016 the California Franchise Tax Board determined that SSCCC is exempt from taxation under §23701d of the California Revenue and Taxation Code. SSCCC's current status with the Franchise Tax Board may be obtained from the FTB's website.
  7. ^ SSCCC's original articles of incorporation are filed in the office of the California Secretary of State in file number C3782868.
  8. ^ Records maintained by the California Secretary of State show that SSCCC's legal status is "Active".
  9. ^ SSCCC is an "Active" California corporation and is therefore entitled "to carry out its business activities".
  10. ^ SSCCC was formed under the Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law for "charitable purposes".
  11. ^ SSCCC is supervised by the California Attorney General's Registry of Charitable Trusts. The Registry has assigned to SSCCC the file number CT0227572.
  12. ^ Street map.
  13. ^ SSCCC. Executive Officers. Retrieved 4-3-2019.
  14. ^ The Foundation and SSCCC have entered into a "Management Services Agreement". That agreement became effective on July 1, 2017.
  15. ^ Student Senate for California Community Colleges, Financial Statements with Independent Accountant's Review Report, Year Ended June 30, 2018, page 3. A copy of the "Financial Statements" may be obtained from SSCCC upon request.
  16. ^ Article II, B, 1 of the Articles of Incorporation of Student Senate for California Community Colleges.
  17. ^ A complete copy of SSCCC's "Articles of Incorporation" is posted on the California Secretary of State's website; Articles of Incorporation of Student Senate for California Community Colleges.
  18. ^ California Corporations Code Section 5120.
  19. ^ Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law; California Corporations Code Section 5110.
  20. ^ "Board of directors". Corporations Code Section 5210.
  21. ^ "Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges". California Education Code Section 71000.
  22. ^ Nussbaum, Thomas J. (1995). Evolving Community College Shared Governance to Better Serve the Public Interest. Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), page 34.
  23. ^ Michalowski, Linda (July 12, 2008). The Student Senate and Shared Governance. California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office, slide number 6.
  24. ^ Michalowski, Linda (2005). Update on Student Senate Memorandum of Understanding. Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, pages 1 and 2.
  25. ^ Section 50002(b), Title 5, California Code of Regulations. Section 50002 became operative on September 8, 1996.
  26. ^ California Education Code Section 71040.
  27. ^ "Chancellor of the California Community Colleges". California Education Code Section 71090.
  28. ^ a b Michalowski, Linda (2012). History of the Student Senate for California Community Colleges. California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office, slide number 7.
  29. ^ SSCCC (2006). A History of Student Representation, slide 11.
  30. ^ Roselada, Pauline. "ASSC students attend Student Senate Assembly". The Skyline View, May 14, 2006.
  31. ^ SSCCC (2015). "Until April 29, 2015, SSCCC was operated as an unincorporated association." Second page of the "Attachments" to SSCCC's Application for Recognition of Exemption Under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code ("Form 1023"; signed on November 13, 2015). A copy of that application was received by the California Attorney General's office on November 18, 2015.
  32. ^ Assembly Bill No. 2576 proposed the enactment of Education Code Section 76060.5. That bill was drafted by Gregory G. Hayes, Vice President of the Student Association of American River College. It was introduced by Assembly Member Tom Hayden and signed into law by Governor George Deukmejian. The bill was chaptered by Secretary of State March Fong Eu as Chapter 1238 of the Statutes of 1987 (pages 4400–4401).
  33. ^ Senate Committee on Education (2013). "Bill Analysis". California State Senate, "SUPPORT" by SSCCC, page 8.
  34. ^ SSCCC (2013). "Support community college student representation – AB 1358". Change.org.
  35. ^ California Education Code Section 76060.5, as amended by Chapter 714 of the Statutes of 2013; Assembly Bill No. 1358, introduced by Assembly Member Paul Fong.
  36. ^ The name "California Community Colleges"; California Education Code Section 71025.
  37. ^ The California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office produced a logo for use by SSCCC. That logo contains the words "California Community Colleges".
  38. ^ Winter, Carl G. “History of the Junior College Movement in California”. California State Department of Education, December 21, 1964.
  39. ^ California Community College Student Government Association; in Opinions of the California Attorney General, Volume 65, page 638 (1982), cited in Funeral Security Plans, Inc., Plaintiff and Appellant, v. State Board of Funeral Directors et al., Defendant and Appellant.
  40. ^ Community College Student Lobby; California Secretary of State's file number C1096599.
  41. ^ California Student Association of Community Colleges; in Chapter 35 of the Statutes of 2007 (Senate Bill No. 283).
  42. ^ Constitution of the California Student Association of Community Colleges, page 4.
  43. ^ Senate Committee on Education (2007). "Bill Analysis" of Senate Bill No. 283 (introduced by Senator Abel Maldonado). CalSACC is described as "virtually non-existent" on page 2 of the Bill Analysis.
  44. ^ Remaining assets; California Corporations Code Section 18130.
  45. ^ North, Wheeler (2006). "And the Red Rocket's Glare". Rostrum, Academic Senate for California Community Colleges.
  46. ^ hÉochaidh, Roibín Ó. "Students rally in Sacramento against public-education cuts". UC Berkeley News Center, The Regents of the University of California, March 6, 2012.
  47. ^ Asimov, Nanette. "Sacramento higher-ed protest leads to 72 arrests". SFGate, March 6, 2012.
  48. ^ "March in March" articles and photographs archive. City College of San Francisco.
  49. ^ A "student body association" may be organized and operated in accordance with California Education Code Section 76060.
  50. ^ California Corporations Code Section 5056(c).
  51. ^ "Student Senate Regions". Chancellor's Office, California Community Colleges. State of California.
  52. ^ California Corporations Code Section 5140(b).
  53. ^ California Corporations Code Section 5151(c).
  54. ^ SSCCC "Constitution", adopted April 29, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  55. ^ Statement of Information dated June 3, 2019. Retrieved 6-5-2019.
  56. ^ "Consultation Council". California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office.
  57. ^ Political Reform Act of 1974, commencing with California Government Code Section 81000.
  58. ^ California Secretary of State (2019). Political Reform Division. Retrieved 3-11-2019.
  59. ^ Michalowski, Linda (2005). Update on Student Senate Memorandum of Understanding. Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, pages 1 and 2.
  60. ^ Procedures and Standing Orders of the Board of Governors, November 2018, section 333, page 50. California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office. Retrieved 3-28-2019.
  61. ^ Subdivision (e) of California Education Code Section 70901.
  62. ^ "Consultation Council Members". California Community Colleges. Retrieved 4-23-2019.
  63. ^ Minutes of the Board of Governors meeting of March 20, 2017, page 3, "Item 2.2".
  64. ^ Memorandum of Understanding By and Between the BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGES, the CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE CHANCELLOR'S OFFICE and the STUDENT SENATE FOR CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGES, page 11, "Cancellation".
  65. ^ California Education Code Section 69511.5(b).
  66. ^ California Student Aid Commission (March 27, 2017). Letter to SSCCC regarding the nomination of students to the Commission.
  67. ^ "Confirmation of Registration with the Attorney General's Registry of Charitable Trusts", December 21, 2015.
  68. ^ California Government Code Section 12586(a).
  69. ^ Annual Registration Renewal Fee Report to the Attorney General of California, filed November 14, 2017.
  70. ^ Annual Registration Renewal Fee Report to the Attorney General of California, filed November 14, 2017.
  71. ^ Annual Registration Renewal Fee Report to the Attorney General of California, filed November 14, 2017.
  72. ^ Statement of Information, filed February 8, 2017.
  73. ^ Gilbert Associates, Inc. Accountancy license number 2642, valid through July 31, 2020. Retrieved 5-23-2019.
  74. ^ SSCCC (2019). Student Senate for California Community Colleges, Financial Statements with Independent Accountant's Review Report, Year Ended June 30, 2018, page 1.
  75. ^ Paramo, Joel R. "Crane heads state student senate". The Renegade Rip, February 6, 2007.
  76. ^ SSCCC. "Fall 2017 General Assembly Minutes". November 19, 2017.

External links[edit]