Studio Tan

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Studio Tan
Studio Tan.jpg
Studio album by Frank Zappa
Released September 15, 1978
Recorded 1969, 1974 1976 at The Record Plant, LA; Royce Hall, UCLA and Caribou Studios, Nederland, Colorado
Genre Experimental rock, jazz fusion, progressive rock
Length 39:18
Label DiscReet
Producer Frank Zappa
Frank Zappa chronology
Zappa in New York
(1978)
Studio Tan
(1978)
Sleep Dirt
(1979)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3/5 stars[1]

Studio Tan is an album by Frank Zappa, first released in September 1978 on his own DiscReet Records label. It reached #147 on the Billboard 200 albums chart. This is Official Release #24.

Background[edit]

In early 1976, Zappa's relationship with manager and business partner Herb Cohen ended in litigation. Zappa and Cohen's company DiscReet Records was distributed by Warner Bros. Records. When Zappa asked for a reassignment of his contract from DiscReet to Warner in order to advance the possibility of doing special projects without Cohen's involvement, Warner briefly agreed. This led to the 1976 release of Zoot Allures on Warner. Early in 1977, Zappa delivered the master tapes for a quadruple-LP set, titled Läther.[2] However, Warner changed its position following legal action from Cohen, and refused to release the album, claiming that Zappa was contractually bound to deliver four more albums to Warner for the DiscReet label.[3]

After Warner Bros. released the live double album Zappa in New York (1978), they told him that he still owed them four more albums. He then attempted to get a distribution deal with Phonogram to release Läther on the new Zappa Records label. This led Warner to threaten legal action, preventing the release of Läther and forcing Zappa to shelve the project. As Zappa had delivered the tapes only, these three individual albums were released with no musical credits.[4] Warner also commissioned sleeve art by Gary Panter, which was not approved by Zappa. When this material was first released on CD in 1991 Zappa chose to release the individual albums, along with Panter's artwork. (The 1991 reissue swapped "Revised Music for Guitar & Low-Budget Orchestra" and "Lemme Take You to the Beach" in the album's running order.) The material on Studio Tan was made available in a different form when Läther was released in 1996 as a triple album.

Content[edit]

All four tracks were originally intended for the shelved Läther album. Side two of the album was to be side three of Läther, although on Läther there are brief segments of sound effects between the songs that are absent on Studio Tan. "Greggery Peccary" has an early fadeout on the Studio Tan LP compared to both Läther and reissues of Studio Tan from 1991 onwards.

An excerpt from an unreleased alternate version of "Revised Music for Guitar and Low-Budget Orchestra" appears on the 1987 compilation The Guitar World According to Frank Zappa, with drum overdubs by Chad Wackerman.

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and composed by Frank Zappa.

Side one
No. Title Length
1. "Greggery Peccary" (Listed as "The Adventures of Greggery Peccary" on the CD version) 20:40
Side two
No. Title Length
1. "Let Me Take You to the Beach" (Listed as "Lemme Take You to the Beach" on the CD version) 2:44
2. "Revised Music for Guitar & Low-Budget Orchestra"   7:36
3. "REDUNZL" (Listed as "RDNZL" on the CD version) 8:12

Personnel[5][edit]

Charts[edit]

Album - Billboard (North America)

Year Chart Position
1978 Pop Albums 147[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Couture, F. (2011). "Studio Tan - Frank Zappa | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Inc, Nielsen Business Media (1996-08-24). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 
  3. ^ Gail Zappa's liner notes for Läther
  4. ^ FZ vs. Warner Brs. Story or Lather/Laether/Leather, Zappa in New York, Arf.ru
  5. ^ Studio Tan album at Discogs.com
  6. ^ "Charts and Awards for Studio Tan". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-08-22.