Sturgis, Kentucky

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Sturgis, Kentucky
City
Location of Sturgis in Union County, Kentucky.
Location of Sturgis in Union County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°32′54″N 87°59′4″W / 37.54833°N 87.98444°W / 37.54833; -87.98444Coordinates: 37°32′54″N 87°59′4″W / 37.54833°N 87.98444°W / 37.54833; -87.98444
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Union
Area
 • Total 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
 • Land 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 371 ft (113 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,898
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 1,890
 • Density 1,343.2/sq mi (518.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 42459
Area code(s) 270
FIPS code 21-74316
GNIS feature ID 0504617

Sturgis is a home rule-class city in Union County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 2,030 at the 2000 census. The city was founded in 1886 and named for Samuel Sturgis, who owned the land now occupied by the city.[2]

History[edit]

The area surrounding what would become Sturgis was first settled by Revolutionary War officers, mostly from Virginia, who had received bounty land for their service. The History of Union County, published in 1886 by The Courier Co., says, "The county had its aristocrats but the [Civil] War had a decidedly leveling tendency yet, there is a tolerably well defined line still marking the society of the county into different sets." So was the nature of the county when Sturgis was founded, also in 1886, by the Cumberland Land and Iron Company within its coal-mining development. The name derives from either Samuel P. Sturgis, who originally owned the townsite, or for Alida Livingston Sturgis (Samuel's sister), who was married to the president and general manager of the Ohio Valley Railroad Company.[3] The community incorporated as a town on May 3, 1890, with population of 327.[4] The town was reclassified as a city in the 1920s.

Geography[edit]

Sturgis is located at 37°32′54″N 87°59′4″W / 37.54833°N 87.98444°W / 37.54833; -87.98444 (37.548269, -87.984535).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 327
1900 1,258 284.7%
1910 1,467 16.6%
1920 1,750 19.3%
1930 2,154 23.1%
1940 2,321 7.8%
1950 2,222 −4.3%
1960 2,209 −0.6%
1970 2,210 0.0%
1980 2,293 3.8%
1990 2,184 −4.8%
2000 2,030 −7.1%
2010 1,898 −6.5%
Est. 2016 1,890 [1] −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 2,030 people, 854 households, and 578 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,343.2 people per square mile (519.1/km²). There were 973 housing units at an average density of 643.8 per square mile (248.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.47% White, 9.66% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population.

There were 854 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 81.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,664, and the median income for a family was $34,922. Males had a median income of $30,435 versus $18,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,124. About 13.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Sturgis is served by the Union County Public Schools, Kentucky. Elementary students attend Stugis Elementary. Middle and High School students attend Union County Middle School & Union County High School outside Morganfield.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Sturgis has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Dictionary of Places: Sturgis". Encyclopedia of Kentucky. New York, New York: Somerset Publishers. 1987. ISBN 0-403-09981-1. 
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 286. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987.
  4. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Sturgis, Kentucky". Accessed 12 May 2017.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Sturgis, Kentucky