Stuttgart Airport

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Stuttgart Airport
Flughafen Stuttgart
Luftbild EDDS edit.jpg
IATA: STRICAO: EDDS
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH
Serves Stuttgart, Germany
Hub for Germanwings
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 1,276 ft / 389 m
Coordinates 48°41′24″N 009°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194Coordinates: 48°41′24″N 009°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194
Website stuttgart-airport.com
Maps
Map of the Airport
Map of the Airport
STR is located in Baden-Württemberg
STR
STR
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,345 10,974 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 10,512,225
Passenger change 14–15 Increase8.2%
Aircraft movements 101,169
Movements change 14–15 Increase6.7%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Stuttgart Airport (German: Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) (IATA: STRICAO: EDDS) is the international airport of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state Baden-Württemberg. It is christened after Stuttgart's former mayor, Manfred Rommel[3] and is the sixth busiest airport in Germany with 10.5 million passengers having passed through its doors in 2015. The airport is an important hub for Germanwings and features flights to several European cities and leisure destinations as well as a long-haul service to Atlanta.

The airport is located approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) (10 km (6.2 mi) in a straight line) south[2] of Stuttgart and lies on the boundary between the nearby town of Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Filderstadt and Stuttgart itself. In 2007, the Stuttgart Trade Fair – the ninth biggest exhibition centre in Germany – moved to grounds directly next to the airport. Additionally, the global headquarters for car parking company APCOA Parking are located here.

History[edit]

First years and World War II[edit]

The airport was built in 1939 to replace Böblingen Airport. In 1945, the United States Army took over the airport until returning it to German authorities in 1948.

For the duration of the Cold War the runway and facilities were shared with the United States Army who operated helicopters, the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk and other fixed wing aircraft as Echterdingen Army Airfield on the southern portion of the airfield.[4][5] Some of the units operating at Echterdingen were headquartered at nearby Nellingen Kaserne- now closed and redeveloped.[6] In 1984-5, the 223rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) of the 11th Aviation Group (Combat) was headquartered at Echterdingen, with three aviation companies assigned (one at Schwäbisch Hall).[7] The U.S. Army still maintains a small helicopter base - Stuttgart Army Airfield - on the southern side of the airport, which it shares with the Baden-Württemberg State Police helicopter wing. The police helicopter wing falls under the control of Stuttgart Police Department and has six modern helicopters based at Stuttgart and two in Söllingen.

Later development[edit]

The airport was expanded after World War II. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) in 1948, then to 2,250 m (7,382 ft) in 1961 and finally to 3,345 m (10,974 ft) in 1996.

The original 1938 terminal was finally replaced in 2004 and there are now four terminals with a maximum capacity of approximately 12 million passengers.

Politicians, town planners and nearby residents have been arguing for years about the construction of a second runway. However, on 25 June 2008 Minister-President Günther Oettinger announced that for the next 8–12 years no second runway will be built and that the restrictions for night operations stay in place.[8][9]

After the death of former mayor Manfred Rommel in November 2013 local politicians proposed to rename the airport after him.[10] This proposal caused public disputes as he was the son of Erwin Rommel but also highly respected for his work on intercultural affairs.[11] In July 2014 it has been announced that the airport will be named Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Flughafen from now on.[12]

In September 2014, United Airlines cancelled their route to Stuttgart from Newark due to insufficient demand[13] leaving Stuttgart Airport with only one remaining long-haul connection to Atlanta provided by Delta Air Lines. However, Air Berlin announced the start of a new second long-haul service with flights to Abu Dhabi from December 2014.[14]

In October 2014, easyJet announced to serve Stuttgart as their seventh German destination by March 2015.[15] In December 2014, Ryanair also announced Stuttgart as a new destination of their network serving six weekly flights between Stuttgart and Manchester from April 2015.[16]

On 31 May 2016, Stuttgart Airport lost one of its two long-haul routes when Air Berlin ceased its flights to Abu Dhabi.[17] In September 2016, the airport announced a new branding and corporate design changing its official name from Flughafen Stuttgart to Stuttgart Airport.[18]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[19]

Terminals[edit]

Stuttgart Airport consists of four passenger terminals which have separate check-in facilities and entrances but are directly connected to each other and share a single airside area which features eight Jet bridges as well as about two dozen bus-boarding stands.[20]

  • Terminal 1 is the first of two landside main halls and features together with its addition Terminal 1-West 50 check-in counters. It shares the roof with Terminals 2 and 3 and is mainly used by Germanwings and Lufthansa.
  • Terminal 2 is a small area featuring nine check-in counters and a security checkpoint. It is located within the shopping area between the main halls of Terminals 1 and 3. It is used by Germanwings in addition to their counters in Terminal 1.
  • Terminal 3 is the second of the two landside main halls east of Terminal 1 and 2 and features 39 additional check-in counters. It is used by Air Berlin, TUIfly and KLM among several other airlines.
  • Terminal 4 is, unlike the other three terminals, a separate and very basic equipped building to the east of Terminals 1 to 3 but also connected to them by a walk way. It features 17 more check-in counters as well as several bus-boarding gates and is used mostly for holiday charter operations.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Stuttgart Airport:[21]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Charter: Pristina 3
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion
1
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin 3
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 3
Air Berlin Alicante, Berlin-Tegel, Catania, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Hurghada, Málaga, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Venice
Seasonal: Florence, Gran Canaria, Guernsey, Ibiza, Jersey, Malta, Olbia, Preveza, Pristina, Rimini, Sylt, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki
3
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Pristina 4
Air Cairo Hurghada 4
Air France
operated by CityJet
Paris-Charles de Gaulle 3
Air Serbia Belgrade 3
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 4
AIS Airlines Münster/Osnabrück 1
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya 4
Austrian Airlines Vienna, Graz 2
Blue Air Bucharest, Sibiu 3
Borajet Adana 4
British Airways London-Heathrow 3
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 4
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Chania, Corfu (resumes 29 April 2017),[22] Dalaman (resumes 29 April 2017),[22] Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos (resumes 30 April 2017),[22] Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Zakynthos (begins 24 May 2017)[22]
3
Corendon Airlines Antalya, Marrakech[23] 4
Delta Air Lines Atlanta 3
easyJet Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, Milan-Malpensa, Porto, Venice 3
Ellinair Seasonal: Heraklion, Thessaloniki 4
Eurowings Berlin-Tegel, Bremen, Hamburg 1, 2
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin-Tegel, Bremen, Brussels, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Faro, Hamburg, Hanover, Heraklion, Larnaca (begins 6 May 2017),[24] Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, London-Stansted, Lyon (begins 27 March 2017),[25] Malaga, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostock, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Vienna, Zagreb
Seasonal: Ankara, Antalya, Athens, Bastia, Belgrade, Bilbao, Brindisi, Burgas, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Heringsdorf, Ibiza, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kavala, Kraków, Lamezia Terme, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa (begins 26 March 2017),[26] Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rijeka, Tirana, Tunis, Valencia, Varna, Zadar
1, 2
Express Airways Charter: Pristina 4
Flybe Birmingham 3
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 4
Germania Larnaca (ends 3 January 2017)[27]
Seasonal: Almería, Paphos (begins 28 March 2017)[28]
4
Iberia Express Madrid
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
3
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 3
Lufthansa Frankfurt 1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal charter: Tivat 4
Nouvelair Enfidha, Djerba[29] 4
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Atatürk 4
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Kayseri, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir 3,4
Ryanair Manchester 3
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen 1
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal: Larnaca (begins 18 April 2017)[30]
Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca
4
Sun d'Or
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 4
SunExpress Izmir
Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
4
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Bodrum, Dalaman, Gaziantep, Hurghada, Izmir, Kayseri, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Samsun, Trabzon
Seasonal: Elazig, Heraklion, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Rhodes, Varna
Seasonal charter: Ras al-Khaimah
3, 4
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich 2
Tailwind Airlines Antalya
Seasonal: Adana, Kayseri
4
TAP Portugal Lisbon (begins 10 June 2017)[31] 1
TUIfly Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Arvidsjaur, Brindisi, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kayseri, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Sal
3
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri, Trabzon
1
Twin Jet Lyon 1
Vueling Barcelona, Rome-Fiumicino 3

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Deutsche Post
operated by TUIfly
Hannover
Deutsche Post
operated by Germanwings
Berlin-Tegel
DHL Aviation
operated by European Air Transport Leipzig
Leipzig/Halle
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics[edit]

Passengers and movements[edit]

Terminals 1 to 3
One of the two main halls
Departure area
Passengers Movements
1999 7,688,951 119,904
2000 Increase 8,141,020 Increase 150,451
2001 Decrease 7,642,409 Decrease 146,771
2002 Decrease 7,284,319 Decrease 144,208
2003 Increase 7,595,286 Increase 144,903
2004 Increase 8,831,216 Increase 156,885
2005 Increase 9,413,671 Increase 160,405
2006 Increase 10,111,346 Increase 164,735
2007 Increase 10,328,120 Decrease 164,531
2008 Decrease 9,932,887 Decrease 160,243
2009 Decrease 8,941,990 Decrease 141,572
2010 Increase 9,226,546 Decrease 135,335
2011 Increase 9,591,461 Increase 136,580
2012 Increase 9,735,087 Decrease 131,524
2013 Decrease 9,588,692 Decrease 124,588
2014 Increase 9,728,710 Decrease 122,818
2015 Increase 10.512.225 Increase 130.491
Source: Stuttgart Airport[32]

Largest airlines[edit]

Delta Air Lines operates the only long-haul service at Stuttgart Airport, using Boeing 767-300ER aircraft
Largest airlines by passengers (2014)[32]
Rank Airline  %
1 Germany Germanwings 32.3%
2 Germany Air Berlin 19.6%
3 Germany TUIfly 6.3%
4 Germany Condor 5.0%
5 Germany Lufthansa 4.8%
6 Turkey Turkish Airlines 3.9%
7 Turkey SunExpress 2.9%
8 Germany SunExpress Deutschland 2.5%
9 Netherlands KLM 2.3%
10 Austria Austrian Airlines 2.1%

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2015)[33]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Germany Berlin, Schönefeld Airport and Tegel Airport 1,000,000
2 Germany Hamburg, Hamburg Airport 722,000
3 Germany Hesse, Frankfurt Airport 362,000
4 Germany Lower Saxony, Hannover Airport 204,000
5 Germany Bavaria, Munich Airport 174,000
6 Germany Bremen, Bremen Airport 160,000
7 Germany North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf Airport 154,000
8 Germany Saxony, Dresden Airport 96,000
Busiest international routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2015)[33]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Turkey Turkey, Istanbul (Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport) 682,000
2 Spain Spain, Palma de Mallorca Airport 656,000
3 United Kingdom United Kingdom, London (Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport and Gatwick Airport) 512,000
4 Turkey Turkey, Antalya Airport 498,000
5 Austria Austria, Vienna International Airport 346,000
6 Netherlands Netherlands, Amsterdam Airport 284,000
7 Spain Spain, Barcelona Airport 226,000
8 Switzerland Switzerland, Zürich Airport 208,000
9 Greece Greece, Thessaloniki Airport 190,000
10 France France, Paris Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport 186,000

Ground transportation[edit]

The motorway leading to the airport with a large car park across it
Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station

Car[edit]

There are two major highways: Just north of the airport runs the Bundesautobahn 8 (A8), which connects the cities of Karlsruhe and Stuttgart to Ulm, Augsburg and Munich. The Bundesstraße 27 (B27) leads to downtown Stuttgart, as well as to Tübingen and Reutlingen in the South.

Coach[edit]

From the regional cities of Esslingen am Neckar, Reutlingen and Tübingen exists a connection by coach. Additionally, German long-distance coach operators ADAC Postbus, DeinBus and Flixbus maintain their stop for Stuttgart on the airport grounds with direct connections to several major cities.

Suburban railway[edit]

Stuttgart Airport can be easily reached within 30 minutes from the city's main railway station using the Stuttgart suburban railway S2 or S3 from Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station.

Future long-distance railway[edit]

It is planned to connect the airport with the future Stuttgart - Ulm high-speed railway line currently under construction as part of the major Stuttgart 21 railway redevelopment program. Therefore a new long-distance train station will be built on the airport's grounds near the existing suburban railway station. The new station, which will be served by ICE high-speed trains will be connected to the new line by an underground loop track. The Stuttgart-Ulm line is scheduled to be opened in 2020 while the new airport connection is planned to be inaugurated in 2022.[34]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Namenserweiterung in Manfred Rommel Flughafen" (Press release) (in German). Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  4. ^ http://www.mil-airfields.de/de/stuttgart-echterdingen.htm
  5. ^ http://www.usarmygermany.com/Sont.htm?http&&&www.usarmygermany.com/Units/Army%20Aviation/USAREUR_Stuttgart.htm
  6. ^ http://www.billybils.de/Seite%204_65.htm
  7. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's, 1985, 375.
  8. ^ Flughafen bekommt keine zweite Startbahn. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  9. ^ Das Versprechen gilt nur auf "absehbare Zeit". Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  10. ^ Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Stuttgart, Germany (9 November 2013). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen?: CDU will Stuttgarter Flughafen umbenennen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Nachrichten". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany (15 July 2014). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen: Flughafen Stuttgart mit neuem Namen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Zeitung". stuttgarter-zeitung.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  13. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "United Airlines: Aus für Stuttgart–New York". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "airberlin presse – airberlin plant Flüge von Stuttgart nach Abu Dhabi". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  15. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "Easyjet: Noch drei Deutschland-Routen". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  16. ^ http://www.airliners.de/ryanair-flughafen-stuttgart/34475
  17. ^ airberlingroup.com - airberlin withdraws from Stuttgart - Abu Dhabi route 18 March 2016
  18. ^ http://www.designtagebuch.de/aus-flughafen-stuttgart-wird-stuttgart-airport/
  19. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  20. ^ "Terminal guide". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  21. ^ "Saisonflugplan". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c d Condor timetable :: Condor Flugdienst
  23. ^ http://www.stuttgart-airport.com/arrival-departure/flightplan
  24. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/en/booking/new-routes.html
  25. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/268653/eurowings-s17-planned-new-routes-as-of-01sep16/
  26. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/informieren/flugplan.html
  27. ^ https://www.flygermania.com/en/flight-information/flight-schedule/
  28. ^ https://www.flygermania.com/en/flight-information/flight-schedule/
  29. ^ http://www.stuttgart-airport.com/arrival-departure/flightplan
  30. ^ http://www.stuttgart-airport.com/arrival-departure/flightplan
  31. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270267/tap-portugal-network-expansion-from-june-2017/
  32. ^ a b http://www.flughafen-stuttgart.de/media/595588/Jahresbericht_2014.pdf
  33. ^ a b "Statistisches Bundesamt: Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen Publikation 2015" (PDF). Destatis. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  34. ^ stuttgarter-nachrichten.de - "Airport station finished by 2022" 1 August 2012
  35. ^ "Accident: BinAir SW4 at Stuttgart on Jan 19th 2010, right main gear collapsed on landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Stuttgart Airport at Wikimedia Commons