Stuttgart Region (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) is an urban agglomeration at the heart of the Stuttgart Metropolitan Region. It consists of the city of Stuttgart and the surrounding districts of Ludwigsburg, Esslingen, Böblingen, Rems-Murr and Göppingen (each 10–20 km from Stuttgart city center). About 2.7 million inhabitants live in that area (3,700 km²). In fact, with 708 people per square kilometre, the Stuttgart Region (German: Region Stuttgart) is one of the most densely populated areas in Germany. Stuttgart Region is governed by a directly elected parliament.
Situated at the heart of Baden-Württemberg, the Stuttgart Region is the hub of economic, scientific, and political life in Southwest Germany. The area currently has Germany's highest density of scientific, academic and research organisations, and tops the national league for patent applications.
From northwest to southeast the region is 90 Kilometers Long and from southwest to northeast 80 kilometers. The size of the area is 3.654 km². According to calculations made by the land surveying office, the geographical center is located in the south of the district Rems-Murr a few hundred meters east from the village Weinstadt-Strümpfelbach in a vineyard. An erratic placed after the vine field reform - the so called Vogelstein - lays by accident almost exactly in that center.
The Neckar flows through the region for about 90 kilometers, of which about 70 kilometers are navigable waterway. The longest tributary in the region is the Fils (50 km), followed by Murr (45 km), the Rems (35 km) and the Enz (30 km).
About 2.7 Million people live in the Stuttgart Region, which corresponds to a quarter of the entire population of Baden-Württemberg at about on tenth of ist size. 749 people/km² is the regions average population density.
The numbers of inhabitants are census results (¹) or official updates of the statistical state office of Baden-Württemberg (only primary residence).
|31. December 1973||2,373,268|
|31. December 1975||2,341,099|
|31. December 1980||2,369,273|
|31. December 1985||2,348,272|
|25. May 1987 ¹||2,361,412|
|31. December 1990||2,484,360|
|31. December 1995||2,566,950|
|31. December 2000||2,613,379|
|31. December 2005||2,667,766|
|31. December 2010||2,678,795|
|9. May 2011 ¹||2,626,864|
|31. December 2015||2,735,425|
Verband Region Stuttgart
The Verband Region Stuttgart (VRS) a puplic body, is as one of 12 regional associations in Baden-Württemberg political and administrative instance of the Stuttgart Region. Its predecessor is the Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar founded in 1973 which was renamed to Regionalverband Stuttgart in 1992. By law it was transferred into the Verband Region Stuttgart on February, 7th 1994. Thereby the new association besides the regional planning, received additional tasks and has as the only regional association in Baden-Württemberg a directly elected parliament. The regional assembly of the Verband Region Stuttgart is elected every five years.
Further association bodies besides the regional assembly are the honorary chairman elected by the assembly out of its members for 5 years and the regional director elected for 8 years who is temporary full-time public official. The regional director represents the association and leads the Administration. His office is located in the associations office in Stuttgart. The association additionally has an office in Brussels.
The Budget of the VRS for 2016 was 389 million Euro (2015: 323 million Euro).
Economic significance, transportation
The Gross Domestic Product for Stuttgart Region was recorded at about €35,000 per capita, about €64,000 per employed person and €120 billion total. The unemployment rate is 4.8 per cent. Stuttgart Region is one of Europe's economic centres. This is due not only to the influence of international companies, such as Daimler, Porsche, Robert Bosch, Celesio, Hewlett-Packard and IBM (all of whom have their world or German headquarters here), but also to the influence of medium-sized enterprises such as Behr, Kärcher, Märklin, Stihl, Festo, and Trumpf. In total, approximately 150,000 companies are located in the Stuttgart Region. 24 per cent of employees in the Stuttgart Region work in the high-tech sector – a European record.
The Verband Region Stuttgart as a political entity is responsible for regional transportation planning and for the basic network of public transport in Stuttgart Region.
Administrative District of Stuttgart
Stuttgart Region shouldn't be confused with the Administrative District of Stuttgart.
The German state of Baden-Württemberg is sub-divided into four districts:
- Administrative District of Stuttgart
- Administrative District of Tübingen
- Administrative District of Karlsruhe
- Administrative District of Freiburg
Stuttgart Region is part of the "Administrative District of Stuttgart" (Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, 4 million inhabitants, 11,000 km²).
Stuttgart Metropolitan Area
The Stuttgart Metropolitan Area (pop. 5.3 million), according to the definition of the European Union, is neither identical with the "inner" Stuttgart Region nor with the Administrative District of Stuttgart.
The Stuttgart Metropolitan Area consists i.a. of the following larger cities (approx. 50 km from Stuttgart City Center):
- Stuttgart Region, 2.7 million inhabitants
- Heilbronn, 120,000 inhabitants, Administrative District of Stuttgart
- Schwäbisch Gmünd, 65,000 inhabitants, Administrative District of Stuttgart
- Tübingen, 85,000 inhabitants, Administrative District of Tübingen
- Reutlingen, 115,000 inhabitants, Administrative District of Tübingen
- Pforzheim, 115,000 inhabitants, Administrative District of Karlsruhe
and their surrounding counties.
- www.region-stuttgart.org: “Verband Region Stuttgart is the political entity for the Stuttgart Region.”