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Su Beng (Chinese: 史明; pinyin: Shĭ Míng; Wade–Giles: Shih Ming; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sú-bêng), whose given name is Shih Chao-hui (施朝暉; Shī Cháohuī; Si Tiâu-hui), is a Taiwanese dissident and political activist.
Su Beng was born November 9, 1918 in Shirin Town, Taihoku Chō, Japanese Taiwan (modern-day Shilin District of Taipei, Taiwan). After graduating from Waseda University in Tokyo, Japan with a degree in political science and economics in 1942, he left for mainland China where he worked undercover with the Chinese Communists (1942–1949). For years, he averted the Chinese Communists’ bids for him to join the party. Finally he escaped from Qingdao, China, to Taiwan, just as the Chinese Nationalist Kuomintang soldiers were retreating to Taiwan.
Having returned to Taiwan for about a year, he established the Taiwan Independence Armed Corps in 1950 which plotted for the assassination of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. When the Taiwan Independence Armed Corps' stash of weapons were discovered hidden on land owned by Su Beng's grandmother in 1951, Su Beng was forced to go into hiding.
After several months on the run, he finally fled to Japan in May 1952 by stowing away in a boat exporting bananas. He served four months of detention for attempting to illegally enter the country, but when the Kuomintang reported him missing and wanted for his involvement in the plot to assassinate Chiang Kai-shek, the Japanese government granted him political asylum. Later on in 1954, Su Beng opened up a noodle shop restaurant (新珍味; Sin-tin-bī; "New Gourmet") in Ikebukuro, Japan. Su Beng used the restaurant/residence as a base to continue his work with the underground Taiwan independence movement. It was also here that he trained burgeoning independence activists and began writing Taiwan’s 400 Year History. The Japanese version of this book was first published in 1962, the Chinese-language version was published in 1980 and an abridged English version was published in 1986.
In 1993 Su Beng returned to reside in Taipei, Taiwan. The following year, April 1994, he began the Taiwan Independence Action motorcade, which he conceived as a way to raise the Taiwanese people’s consciousness. The motorcade makes its rounds from Taipei county to Taipei city, every Saturday and Sunday afternoon, delivering messages calling for Taiwan’s independence and the normalization of Taiwan as a country.
Labeled a radical, violent militant and communist, he has been dubbed the “Che Guevara of Taiwan”. Several tall tales exist about Su Beng’s controversial life decisions, one of which includes electing to have a vasectomy when he was in his twenties while working undercover for the Communists in China.
He first used Su Beng as his pen name for Taiwanese’s 400 Year History in 1962. In choosing his pen name, he wanted to express his motivation for writing the book. Su Beng believes that once the Taiwanese people understand their unique history, they will be able to know who they are, what they want for themselves and their nation. The two characters which make up his name mean "history" and "clear", respectively. Taken together, they may be interpreted as “history clearly”, as in “to know history clearly.”
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Su Beng.|
- indiegogo.com Crowdfunding campaign run by Felicia Lin the Biographer of Su Beng, to complete the English biography of Su Beng
- Website About Su Beng maintained and written by his English Biographer Felicia Lin
- Su Beng's personal (Chinese language) website
- Taipei Times FEATURE: Su Beng: Staying true to the fight for independence