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Subroc 3d poster.jpg
Developer(s) Sega
Publisher(s) Sega
Platform(s) Arcade, ColecoVision
Release date(s) 1982
Genre(s) Action, Arcade
Mode(s) Single Player
Cabinet Upright and Cockpit
CPU Z80 (@ 5 MHz)
Sound Samples (@ 5 MHz)
Display Raster, 240 x 224 pixels (Horizontal), 512 colors

SubRoc-3D (サブ・口ツク3D) is an arcade game released in 1982 by Sega, and the first commercial game to provide a stereoscopic image to the player, using a display that delivers individual images to each eye.[1][2] This was achieved using a special eyepiece,[2] a viewer with spinning discs to alternate left and right images to the player's eye from a single monitor.[1]

This is to be distinguished from the visuals used in vector games like Battlezone or 3D polygonal games like Virtua Fighter, which use algorithms to display appropriately scaled and rotated graphics to provide the illusion of three dimensions in a two-dimensional display. The graphics in SubRoc are two-dimensional, handdrawn sprites displayed in a three-dimensional tableau.

It was adapted for ColecoVision, with simulated 3-D effects, by Arnold Hendrick and Philip Taterczynski of the Coleco game design staff, with programming by David Wesely of 4D Interactive Systems.

SubRoc-3D appears briefly in the movie War Games.


  1. ^ a b Bernard Perron & Mark J. P. Wolf (2008), Video game theory reader two, p. 158, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0-415-96282-X
  2. ^ a b SubRoc-3D at the Killer List of Videogames

External links[edit]