Subaru FB engine

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Subaru FB engine
5th gen Subaru Impreza FB20 engine in Automobile Council 2016.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerSubaru
Production2010–present
Layout
ConfigurationFlat-4
Displacement
  • 1.6 L (1,599 cc)
  • 2.0 L (1,995 cc)
  • 2.5 L (2,498 cc)
Cylinder bore
  • 78.8 mm (3.10 in) (FB16)
  • 84 mm (3.31 in) (FB20)
  • 94 mm (3.7 in) (FB25)
Piston stroke
  • 82 mm (3.23 in) (FB16)
  • 90 mm (3.54 in) (FB20 & FB25)
ValvetrainDOHC 4 valves x cyl. with AVCS
Compression ratio10.5:1, 11.0:1, 12.5:1
Combustion
TurbochargerOptional
Fuel systemFuel injection
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output84–125 kW (114–170 PS; 113–168 hp)
Torque output15.3–25.5 kg⋅m (150–250 N⋅m; 111–184 lbf⋅ft)
Chronology
PredecessorEJ
SuccessorFA

The Subaru FB engine is the third and current generation of gasoline boxer-4 engine used in Subaru automobiles, and was announced on 23 September 2010.[1] It follows the previous generation EJ-series engine which was introduced in 1989 and the first generation EA-series which was introduced in 1966. By increasing piston stroke and decreasing piston bore, Subaru aimed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy, while increasing and broadening torque output compared to the EJ-series.

Overview[edit]

The FB has an all new block and head featuring dual overhead cams with intake and exhaust variable valve timing (which Subaru designates as AVCS, standing for Active Valve Control System), and a timing chain that replaced the timing belt. Moving to chain-driven cams is said to allow the valves to be placed at a more narrow angle to each other and shrink the bore of cylinder from 99.5 to 94 mm (3.92 to 3.70 in). It results in less unburned fuel during cold start, thereby reducing emissions. Subaru is able to maintain the exterior dimension substantially unchanged by using asymmetrical connecting rods like those in the EZ36 engine. The FB is only marginally heavier than an equivalent-displacement EJ. In Jan 2011, Car and Driver was told direct injection would be added soon.[2]

Subaru claims a 28-percent reduction in friction losses, mainly due to lighter pistons and connecting rods.[2][3] A compact oil pump is also credited with contributing to the reduction in friction losses.[1] The FB has a 10% improvement in fuel economy[1] with the power coming on sooner and the torque band being broader.[4]

The compression ratio is slightly higher, and the stroke has increased compared to the EJ engine; previously, the chassis precluded a longer stroke. These changes improve combustion efficiency and allow higher torque at lower speeds. The FB is built at Gunma Oizumi Plant and was initially available as a 2.5 litre displacement engine, starting in Forester models, with a 2.0 litre model to follow in Imprezas.[1][2] 0W–20 oil is used to help fuel economy, and approximately 1 litre more oil is used as the newly adopted timing chain requires an oil supply.[5]

FB16[edit]

All FB16 variants:

  • Displacement: 1,599 cc (1.6 L) DOHC
  • Bore x stroke: 78.8 mm × 82 mm (3.10 in × 3.23 in)

FB16[edit]

Subaru FB16
  • Compression: 11.0:1
  • 2012+ EUDM Subaru Impreza XV 1.6i
    • Power: 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) at 5,600 rpm
    • Torque: 15.3 kg⋅m (150 N⋅m; 111 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm
  • 2017+ EUDM Subaru Impreza and 2018+ Subaru XV
    • Power: 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) at 6,200 rpm
    • Torque: 15.3 kg⋅m (150 N⋅m; 111 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm
  • 2017+ JDM Subaru Impreza and 2018+ Subaru XV
    • Power: 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 6,200 rpm
    • Torque: 15.1 kg⋅m (148 N⋅m; 109 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm

FB16 DIT[edit]

Subaru FB16 DIT

The FB16 DIT is the first turbocharged FB-series engine, and includes direct injection with an auto stop/start system. It is the base engine in the 2014 model year Subaru Levorg. The Levorg also has an option for a 2.0 litre direct injection turbo engine, the FA20F.[6][7]

  • Compression: 11.0:1
  • Application: 2014+ Subaru Levorg
    • Power: 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) at 4,800-5,600 RPM
    • Torque: 25.5 kg⋅m (250 N⋅m; 184 lbf⋅ft) at 1,800-4,800 RPM

FB20[edit]

The prior EJ20 used an oversquare 92 mm × 75 mm (3.62 in × 2.95 in) bore and stroke for a 1,994 cc (2.0 L) swept displacement; in comparison, the FB20 features an undersquare bore and stroke for a slightly larger displacement.

All FB20 variants:

  • Displacement: 1,995 cc (2.0 L) DOHC
  • Bore x stroke: 84 mm × 90 mm (3.31 in × 3.54 in)

FB20B[edit]

Subaru FB20B
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • 2011+ JDM Subaru Forester:[8]
    • Power: 109 kW (148 PS; 146 hp) at 6,000 rpm
    • Torque: 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm
  • 2012-2016 USDM Subaru Impreza and 2012-2017 Subaru XV:
    • Power: 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) at 6,200 rpm
    • Torque: 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm

FB20D[edit]

Used in the fifth generation Impreza sedan and hatchback; compared to the FB20B, the FB20D adds direct injection, providing a slight increase in power and efficiency.[9][10]

  • Compression: 12.5:1
  • 2017+ Subaru Impreza[11] and 2018+ Subaru XV[12]
    • Power (JDM, USDM) : 113 kW (154 PS; 152 hp) at 6,000 RPM
    • Power (EUDM, AUDM, THDM): 115 kW (156 PS; 154 hp) at 6,000 RPM
    • Torque: 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) at 4,000 RPM

FB20X[edit]

Subaru FB20X

The existing FB20B was modified by reducing internal friction for the hybrid drivetrain, which incorporates an electric motor in the Lineartronic CVT. The high-voltage traction battery is installed below the cargo area for better weight balance.[13] Combined system power is stated to be 160 hp (119 kW).[14] Output of the gasoline engine is comparable to that of the non-hybrid FB20B.[15]

  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Application: 2014–16 Subaru XV Hybrid[16]
  • Combined system output:[14]
    • Power: 160 hp (162 PS; 119 kW) at 6,000 rpm
    • Torque: 163 lb⋅ft (221 N⋅m; 23 kg⋅m) at 2,000 rpm
  • Gasoline engine output:[17]
    • Power: 148 hp (150 PS; 110 kW)
    • Torque: 145 lb⋅ft (197 N⋅m; 20 kg⋅m)
  • Electric motor output:[13]
    • Power: 13.4 hp (14 PS; 10 kW)
    • Torque: 48.0 lb⋅ft (65 N⋅m; 7 kg⋅m)

FB20V[edit]

The 2019 Crosstrek is available with a plug-in hybrid system sourced from Toyota.[18] The new hybrid drivetrain uses two motor-generator units; the traction motor (MG2) and battery are significantly larger compared to the previous XV Crosstrek Hybrid, and the vehicle is capable of moving under electric power alone for a limited distance. MG2 is used under parallel hybrid operation as well. MG1 is used as the starter motor and charges the battery for series hybrid operation. The direct-injection FB20V in the revised hybrid is detuned compared to the conventional FB20D.[19]

  • Application: 2019+ Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid (PHEV)
  • Combined system output:[20]
    • Power: 148 hp (150 PS; 110 kW)
  • Gasoline engine output:[20][21]
    • Power: 137 hp (139 PS; 102 kW) at 5,600 RPM
    • Torque: 134 lb⋅ft (182 N⋅m; 19 kg⋅m) at 4,400 RPM
  • Electric traction motor (MG2) output:[20][21]
    • Power: 118 hp (120 PS; 88 kW)
    • Torque: 149 lb⋅ft (202 N⋅m; 21 kg⋅m)

FB20D e-Boxer[edit]

The direct-injection FB20D was also used in a mild parallel hybrid configuration similar to the FB20X. The mild hybrid drivetrain was fitted to selected trims for models sold in Japan (Forester, July 2018 and XV, October 2018)[22] and Europe (same models, starting in 2019).[23]

  • Application: 2019+ JDM and EUDM Subaru XV and Forester, selected models
  • Combined system output:[24]
    • Power: 107 kW (145 PS; 143 hp) at 6,000 rpm
    • Torque: 188 N⋅m (19 kg⋅m; 139 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm
  • Gasoline engine output:[25]
    • Power: 145 PS (107 kW; 143 hp)
    • Torque: 188 N⋅m (19 kg⋅m; 139 lb⋅ft)
  • Electric motor output:[24]
    • Power: 10 kW (14 PS; 13 hp)
    • Torque: 65 N⋅m (7 kg⋅m; 48 lb⋅ft)

FB25[edit]

Compared to the previous EJ25, which had a displacement of 2,457 cc (2.5 L) from an oversquare 99.5 mm × 79 mm (3.92 in × 3.11 in) bore and stroke, the FB25 has slightly larger displacement on a less oversquare bore and stroke.[2]

All FB25 variants:

  • Displacement: 2,498 cc (2.5 L) DOHC
  • Bore x stroke: 94 mm × 90 mm (3.70 in × 3.54 in)

FB25B[edit]

Subaru FB25B
  • Compression: 10.0:1[26]
  • Power: 170 hp (172 PS; 127 kW) at 5,800 rpm[27]
  • Torque: 174 lb⋅ft (236 N⋅m; 24 kg⋅m) at 4,100 rpm
  • Application:

FB25D[edit]

The 2019 model year Subaru Forester was introduced at the 2018 New York International Auto Show with a revised version of the FB25 engine featuring direct injection, resulting in a slight boost in power and fuel economy.[28] The seventh-generation 2020 model year Legacy and Outback also adopted the revised direct-injection FB25 as its base engine.[29][30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "FHI Develops a New-generation Subaru Boxer Engine" (PDF). Fuji Heavy Industries. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d Colwell, K.C. (January 2011). "Examining Subaru's New FB-series Flat-Four". Car and Driver. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  3. ^ Bremner, Richard (17 January 2011). "Subaru Forester 2.0 XS review". Autocar. Haymarket Media Group. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  4. ^ Kott, Douglas (13 April 2011). "Stroker Ace: Subaru's New FB Flat-4 Engine". Road & Track. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  5. ^ Tanigawa, Kiyoshi (22 October 2010). "スバルの新世代水平対向エンジン「FB型」の疑問点を確認" [Subaru's new-generation boxer "FB series": questions answered]. Car Watch. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  6. ^ "World Premiere of Subaru "LEVORG" at 43rd Tokyo Motor Show 2013" (Press release). Subaru Global. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Levorg Brochure, Model Year 2016" (PDF). Subaru Global. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Subaru Boxer Punches Harder". Subaru Australia. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  9. ^ "Subaru introduces all-new, U.S.-built 2017 Impreza; new Global Platform delivers major gains in handlign performance, crash safety and ride comfort" (Press release). Subaru of America. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  10. ^ Flierl, Denis (November 25, 2016). "Here's How Subaru's New 2.0L Engine Improves the 2017 Impreza; It Gets 2 Important Upgrades". Torque News. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  11. ^ "World Premiere of All-New Subaru Impreza at New York International Auto Show" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  12. ^ "World Premiere of All-New Subaru XV at 2017 Geneva International Motor Show" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. 7 March 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  13. ^ a b "FHI Introduces the "Subaru XV Crosstrek Hybrid" at the 2013 New York International Auto Show - First-Ever Production Hybrid model -" (Press release). Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. March 29, 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  14. ^ a b "2014 XV Crosstrek, XV Ctrosstrek Hybrid brochure" (PDF). Subaru. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2014.
  15. ^ "Subaru XV Specifications" (PDF). Subaru. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 May 2013.
  16. ^ Edelstein, Stephen (October 3, 2016). "Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid discontinued for 2017 model year". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  17. ^ Wilson, Kevin A. (May 29, 2014). "2014 Subaru XV Crosstrek Hybrid". Car and Driver. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  18. ^ Carrillo III, Manual (November 19, 2018). "2019 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid first drive review: Worth the extra charge". C|Net. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  19. ^ "2019 Subaru Crosstrek® Hybrid Specifications" (PDF). Subaru of America. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  20. ^ a b c Cantu, Michael (December 6, 2018). "2019 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid first test: Quietly off-roading into the future". Motor Trend. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  21. ^ a b "Subaru Introduces its First Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle, the Crosstrek Hybrid, in the U.S." (Press release). Subaru Corporation. November 20, 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  22. ^ "Our Approach to Environmentally Friendly Automobiles". Subaru Corporation. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  23. ^ "Subaru unveiled European spec 'e-Boxer' equipped models at Geneva International Motor Show" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. March 5, 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  24. ^ a b "Subaru XV Advance". Subaru of Japan. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  25. ^ Flierl, Denis (May 18, 2018). "Subaru Reveals Japan-Spec Forester e-Boxer Hybrid Details". Torque News. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  26. ^ 2011 Subaru Forester & Impreza Owner's Manual
  27. ^ Hinchliffe, Mark (28 September 2010). "Subaru reveals new boxer engine". CarsGuide.com.au. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  28. ^ a b "World Premier of All-New 2019 Forester at New York International Auto Show" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. March 29, 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  29. ^ "World Premier of All-New 2020 Subaru Legacy Sedan" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. February 8, 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  30. ^ "World Premier of All-New 2020 Subaru Outback" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. April 17, 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.

External links[edit]

(Japanese: Subaru FB engine)