Subaru FB engine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Subaru FB engine
5th gen Subaru Impreza FB20 engine in Automobile Council 2016.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerSubaru
Production2010 – present
Layout
ConfigurationFlat-4
Displacement1.6 L (1,599 cc)
2.0 L (1,995 cc)
2.5 L (2,498 cc)
Cylinder bore78.8 mm (3.10 in)
84 mm (3.31 in)
94 mm (3.7 in)
Piston stroke82 mm (3.23 in)
90 mm (3.54 in)
ValvetrainDOHC 4 valves x cyl. with AVCS
Compression ratio10.5:1, 11.0:1, 12.5:1
Combustion
TurbochargerOptional
Fuel systemFuel injection
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power outputFrom 84 to 125 kW (114 to 170 PS; 113 to 168 hp)
Torque outputFrom 15.3 to 25.5 kg⋅m (150 to 250 N⋅m; 111 to 184 lbf⋅ft)
Chronology
PredecessorEJ
SuccessorFA

The Subaru FB engine is the third and current generation of gasoline boxer-4 engine used in Subaru automobiles, and was announced on 23 September 2010.[1] It follows the previous generation EJ-series engine which was introduced in 1989 and the first generation EA-series which was introduced in 1966. By increasing piston stroke and decreasing piston bore, Subaru aimed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy, while increasing and broadening torque output compared to the EJ-series.

Overview[edit]

The FB has an all new block and head featuring dual overhead cams with intake and exhaust variable valve timing (which Subaru designates as AVCS, standing for Active Valve Control System), and a timing chain that replaced the timing belt. Moving to chain-driven cams is said to allow the valves to be placed at a more narrow angle to each other and shrink the bore of cylinder from 99.5 to 94 mm (3.92 to 3.70 in). It results in less unburned fuel during cold start, thereby reducing emissions. Subaru is able to maintain the exterior dimension substantially unchanged by using asymmetrical connecting rods like those in the EZ36 engine. The FB is only marginally heavier than an equivalent-displacement EJ. In Jan 2011, Car and Driver was told direct injection would be added soon.[2]

Subaru claims a 28-percent reduction in friction losses, mainly due to lighter pistons and connecting rods.[2][3] A compact oil pump is also credited with contributing to the reduction in friction losses.[1] The FB has a 10% improvement in fuel economy[1] with the power coming on sooner and the torque band being broader.[4]

The compression ratio is slightly higher, and the stroke has increased compared to the EJ engine; previously, the chassis precluded a longer stroke. These changes improve combustion efficiency and allow higher torque at lower speeds. The FB is built at Gunma Oizumi Plant and was initially available as a 2.5 litre displacement engine, starting in Forester models, with a 2.0 litre model to follow in Imprezas.[1][2] 0W–20 oil is used to help fuel economy, and approximately 1 litre more oil is used as the newly adopted timing chain requires an oil supply.[5]

FB16[edit]

FB16[edit]

Subaru FB16
  • Displacement: 1,599 cc (1.6 L) DOHC
  • Bore x stroke: 78.8 mm × 82 mm (3.10 in × 3.23 in)
  • Compression: 11.0:1
  • 2012+ EUDM Subaru Impreza XV 1.6i
    • Power: 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) at 5,600 rpm
    • Torque: 15.3 kg⋅m (150 N⋅m; 111 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm
  • 2017+ EUDM Subaru Impreza and 2018+ Subaru XV
    • Power: 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) at 6,200 rpm
    • Torque: 15.3 kg⋅m (150 N⋅m; 111 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm
  • 2017+ JDM Subaru Impreza and 2018+ Subaru XV
    • Power: 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 6,200 rpm
    • Torque: 15.1 kg⋅m (148 N⋅m; 109 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm

FB16 DIT[edit]

Subaru FB16 DIT

The FB16 DIT is the first turbocharged FB-series engine, and includes direct injection with an auto stop/start system. It is the base engine in the 2014 model year Subaru Levorg. The Levorg also has an option for a 2.0 litre direct injection turbo engine, the FA20F.[6][7]

  • Displacement: 1,599 cc (1.6 L)
  • Bore x stroke: 78.8 mm × 82 mm (3.10 in × 3.23 in)
  • Compression: 11.0:1
  • Application: 2014+ Subaru Levorg
    • Power: 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) at 4,800-5,600 RPM
    • Torque: 25.5 kg⋅m (250 N⋅m; 184 lbf⋅ft) at 1,800-4,800 RPM

FB20[edit]

The prior EJ20 used an oversquare 92 mm × 75 mm (3.62 in × 2.95 in) bore and stroke for a 1,994 cc (2.0 L) swept displacement; in comparison, the FB20 features an undersquare 84 mm × 90 mm (3.31 in × 3.54 in) bore and stroke for a slightly larger 1,995 cc (2.0 L) displacement.

FB20B[edit]

Subaru FB20B
  • Displacement: 1,995 cc (2.0 L) DOHC
  • Bore x stroke: 84 mm × 90 mm (3.31 in × 3.54 in)
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • 2011+ JDM Subaru Forester:[8]
    • Power: 109 kW (148 PS; 146 hp) at 6,000 rpm
    • Torque: 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm
  • 2012-2016 USDM Subaru Impreza and 2012-2017 Subaru XV:
    • Power: 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) at 6,200 rpm
    • Torque: 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm

FB20D[edit]

Used in the fifth generation Impreza sedan and hatchback.

  • Bore x stroke: 84 mm × 90 mm (3.31 in × 3.54 in)
  • Compression: 12.5:1
  • 2017+ Subaru Impreza[9] and 2018+ Subaru XV[10]
    • Power (JDM, USDM) : 113 kW (154 PS; 152 hp) at 6,000 RPM
    • Power (EUDM, AUDM): 115 kW (156 PS; 154 hp) at 6,000 RPM
    • Torque: 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) at 4,000 RPM

FB20X[edit]

Subaru FB20X
  • Displacement: 1,995 cc (2.0 L) DOHC
  • Bore x stroke: 84 mm × 90 mm (3.31 in × 3.54 in)
  • Compression: 10.5:1
  • Application: 2014+ Subaru XV Hybrid
    • Power: 160 hp (162 PS; 119 kW) at 6,000 rpm
    • Torque: 163 lb⋅ft (221 N⋅m; 23 kg⋅m) at 2,000 rpm

FB25[edit]

Compared to the previous EJ25, which had a displacement of 2,457 cc (2.5 L) from a 99.5 mm × 79 mm (3.92 in × 3.11 in) bore and stroke, the FB25 has slightly larger displacement at 2,498 cc (2.5 L) on a 94 mm × 90 mm (3.70 in × 3.54 in) bore and stroke.[2]

FB25B[edit]

Subaru FB25B
  • Displacement: 2,498 cc (2.5 L) DOHC
  • Bore x stroke: 94 mm × 90 mm (3.70 in × 3.54 in)
  • Compression: 10.0:1[11]
  • Power: 170 hp (172 PS; 127 kW) at 5,800 rpm[12]
  • Torque: 174 lb⋅ft (236 N⋅m; 24 kg⋅m) at 4,100 rpm
  • Application:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "FHI Develops a New-generation Subaru Boxer Engine" (PDF). Fuji Heavy Industries. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d Colwell, K.C. (January 2011). "Examining Subaru's New FB-series Flat-Four". Car and Driver. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  3. ^ Bremner, Richard (17 January 2011). "Subaru Forester 2.0 XS review". Autocar. Haymarket Media Group. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  4. ^ Kott, Douglas (13 April 2011). "Stroker Ace: Subaru's New FB Flat-4 Engine". Road & Track. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  5. ^ Tanigawa, Kiyoshi (22 October 2010). "スバルの新世代水平対向エンジン「FB型」の疑問点を確認" [Subaru's new-generation boxer "FB series": questions answered]. Car Watch. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  6. ^ "World Premiere of Subaru "LEVORG" at 43rd Tokyo Motor Show 2013" (Press release). Subaru Global. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Levorg Brochure, Model Year 2016" (PDF). Subaru Global. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Subaru Boxer Punches Harder". Subaru Australia. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  9. ^ "World Premiere of All-New Subaru Impreza at New York International Auto Show" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  10. ^ "World Premiere of All-New Subaru XV at 2017 Geneva International Motor Show" (Press release). Subaru Corporation. 7 March 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  11. ^ 2011 Subaru Forester & Impreza Owner's Manual
  12. ^ Hinchliffe, Mark (28 September 2010). "Subaru reveals new boxer engine". CarsGuide.com.au. Retrieved 3 October 2010.

External links[edit]

(Japanese: Subaru FB engine)