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The Subaru Outback is an automotive nameplate used by the Japanese automaker Subaru for two different vehicles: a Legacy-based station wagon (1994-present), the Outback; and an Impreza-derived hatchback, the Outback Sport (1994-2011).
Many versions of the Outback wagon and Outback Sport have either had all-wheel drive as an option or standard equipment. The Outback name is meant to evoke the rugged outback regions in Australia, cloaking the vehicles' moderate off-road capability with a wilderness aura.
- 1 Outback
- 2 Outback Sport
- 3 References
The premium Outback station wagon originally derived from the first generation Legacy, which made its debut in 1989, in both sedan and station wagon versions. The second-generation Legacy wagon became the first generation of the Outback wagon series, called the Legacy Grand Wagon in Japan in 1995, and the "Legacy Outback" in most other markets. When launched in Australia in 1996 "Legacy Outback" was shortened simply to the "Outback", followed in other markets afterwards.
The "Outback" variant added partial protective plastic side body cladding for off-road conditions and raised the suspension of the existing Legacy wagon to provide additional ground clearance. But for other small differences in trim, the Outback went on to share almost all of its components with the Legacy donor model. In the United States, Subaru retailed the Legacy SUS sedan, derived similarly from the Legacy model.
Subaru released a similarly-altered second generation Outback as part of the third generation Legacy lineup in 1998—or 1999 in North America for model year 2000, called the Legacy Lancaster in Japan and the Outback in most markets elsewhere. In North America the Legacy SUS became the Outback sedan.
In 2003, fourth generation Legacy yielded a third-generation Outback, called the Outback everywhere but Europe. Introduction was delayed in North America until January 2004 for the 2005 model year, with a North America-only Outback sedan discontinued mid-way through this generation's lifespan.
The fourth-generation Outback arrived with the 2009 debut of the fifth generation Legacy, marketed as 2010 model year vehicles in North America, and called the Outlook worldwide.
The fifth-generation Outback appeared in 2014 for the 2015 year model with the sixth generation Legacy, still badged the Legacy Outback for Japan. An unrelated Legacy wagon, the Legacy Touring, was introduced in 2014. Elsewhere, the Outback became a free-standing model line of its own, independent of the Legacy, thus bringing greater product differentiation between the two.
First generation (1994–1998)
Second generation (1998–2003)
Third generation (2003–2009)
Fourth generation (2009-2014)
Fifth generation (2015-present)
Along with the Legacy-based model, Subaru also released the first generation Impreza-based Outback Sport in 1994 to North America only for the 1995 model year. Derived from the Impreza hatchback, the Outback Sport featured an off-road appearance package, and a slightly raised suspension akin to the larger Legacy-based model. Subaru in North America launched subsequent generations in 2001 for the 2002 model year and 2007 for model year 2008, based on the second and third generation Impreza, respectively. Subaru discontinued the Outback Sport nameplate in 2011, replaced in 2012 for the 2013 year model with the Subaru XV as derived from the fourth generation model.
First generation (1994-2001)
Second generation (2001-2003)
Third generation (2007-2011)
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|Kei car||Rex||Vivio||Pleo I||Pleo II (rebadged Daihatsu Mira)|
(rebadged Daihatsu Tanto Exe)
(rebadged Daihatsu Tanto)
|Stella I||Stella II (rebadged Daihatsu Move)|
|Kei truck/Microvan||Sambar / Domingo||Sambar||Dias Wagon (rebadged Daihatsu Hijet)|
|Subcompact||Justy I||Justy II||Justy III||Justy IV||Trezia||Justy V (rebadged Toyota Tank)|
|Compact||Leone III||Leone IV||Leone V|
|Impreza I||Impreza II||Impreza III||Impreza IV||Impreza V|
|Mid-size||Legacy II||Legacy III||Legacy IV||Legacy V||Legacy VI|
|Sports coupé||Alcyone XT||Alcyone SVX||BRZ|
|Outback I||Outback II||Outback III||Outback IV||Outback V|
|Bighorn||Bighorn||Forester I||Forester II||Forester III||Forester IV|
|Historic and discontinued|
|Impreza I GC/GF/GM||Impreza II GD/GG|
|Compact||Leone/Loyale (AC/AG/AN)||Impreza III GE/GH/GR||Impreza IV GJ/GP||Impreza V|
|Outback Sport I||Outback Sport II||Outback Sport III||XV Crosstrek||Crosstrek|
|Mid-size||Legacy I (BC/BF/BJ)||Legacy II (BD/BG/BK)||Legacy III (BE/BH)||Legacy IV (BL/BP)||Legacy V (BM)||Legacy VI (BN)|
|Sports coupé||XT (AX)||SVX (CX)||BRZ|
|Crossover/SUV||Forester I (SF)||Forester II (SG)||Forester III (SH)||Forester IV (SJ)||Forester V (SK)|
|Outback I (BG)||Outback II (BH)||Outback III (BP)||Outback IV (BR)||Outback V (BS)|
|Tribeca (WX)||Ascent (WM)|
|Coupe Utility||BRAT||Baja (BT)|