Subaru Pleo

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Subaru Pleo
Subaru Pleo 003.JPG
ManufacturerSubaru (1998–2010)
Daihatsu (2010–present)
Also calledDaihatsu Mira
Body and chassis
ClassKei car
Body style5-door microvan (1998–2010)
3/5-door hatchback (2010–present)
RelatedSubaru Stella
Subaru R2
Subaru R1
Subaru Lucra
Engine658cc EN07 I4
Transmission5-speed manual
Wheelbase2,310 mm (90.9 in)
Length3,395 mm (133.7 in)
Width1,475 mm (58.1 in)
Height1,550–1,625 mm (61.0–64.0 in)
PredecessorSubaru Vivio
SuccessorSubaru Pleo Plus

The Subaru Pleo is a kei car made by the Japanese automaker Subaru since 1998.

The Pleo is taller than conventional kei car hatchbacks, but shorter than the definitive microvan, the Suzuki Wagon R, and is available with a variety of 658 cc I4 engines: SOHC, DOHC, and supercharged in two different trim levels. It competes with the Honda Life, Daihatsu Move, and the Mitsubishi Toppo in the tall wagon segment of kei cars in Japan.

The name "pleo" is Latin meaning "to fill" or "to fulfill."

First generation – RA1/RA2/RV1/RV2 (1998-2009)[edit]

The first-generation Pleo first went on sale in Japan on October 9, 1998, replacing the Vivio, when Japanese regulations dictated a size change in the kei car tax bracket, and every kei car model from every make was redesigned as a result. The commercial for the Pleo’s launch featured a hip hop remix for the aria Un bel dì vedremo from the opera Madama Butterfly by Italian composer Giacomo Puccini as its background music.[1] The car was available with three variations of the EN07 engine; a naturally aspirated one with 46 PS (34 kW), a sporty supercharged one with 64 PS (47 kW), and also a "mildcharged" version which aimed for power characteristics similar to those of a one-liter car. The mildcharged version has a supercharger (with lower boost pressure) and 60 PS (44 kW).

In June 1999, Subaru launched a retro-styled and better equipped edition of the Pleo, called the Nesta. This has a whole new front design, including new fenders, to accommodate a chromed grille and (twin) round headlights. It featured the entire engine range of the Pleo.[2] In October, a sporty edition was launched, called the LS. At the 1999 Tokyo Motor Show, an LPG-powered prototype with a modernized version of the Nesta's front end was shown, with the name "Pleo Nicot," although it was not to enter production for another year. In December, an Le edition was launched.

In May 2000, Subaru launched a G Edition of the Pleo Nesta. In October, the first facelifted edition was launched. In December, the cheery-looking model called the Pleo Nicot was finally launched.[2] Using single round headlights and a small smile-shaped grille, it used the Nesta's model-specific front fenders in a more modern way. The only engine option was the (gasoline-powered) mildcharged version.

In May 2001, a more upgraded sporty version of the Pleo was launched, called the RS. This model is sometimes called the RM. In October, a second facelifted edition was launched.

In January 2002, the L Plus Package and F Special editions were both launched. In May, three four-wheel drive editions, the RS Limited II, the LS Limited and the F Limited, were launched to commemorate Subaru 4WD's fortieth anniversary. In October, a third facelifted edition was launched.

In May 2003, four editions of the Pleo, the FS Limited, the FS Special, the L Special and the Nesta GS Special, were launched. In June, the RS Limited and LS Limited were both facelifted. Meanwhile, a new edition of the Pleo, the L Special Color Selection, was launched. The R2, was introduced on December 8. After 2003, the Pleo was sold alongside the R2. As of January 2004, the supercharged engines were no longer available, leaving only the naturally aspirated version as the Pleo was repositioned beneath Subaru's newer kei class offerings. The mildcharged option returned twelve months later, only to disappear definitely in June 2006, after the Stella's introduction.

In June 2007, the F model was discontinued. The discontinuation left the Van A model as the only trim level.

In December 2009, the Pleo was discontinued.

Second generation - L275F/L285F/L275B/L285B (2010-2018)[edit]

Subaru Pleo
2nd Subaru Pleo Van 1.jpg
Also calledDaihatsu Mira
Body and chassis
ClassKei car
Body style3/5-door hatchback
RelatedDaihatsu Mira
Subaru Lucra
PredecessorSubaru Pleo (first generation)
Subaru R1/R2
SuccessorSubaru Pleo Plus

The second-generation Pleo first went on sale in Japan on April 20, 2010. Due to Subaru's corporate investment by Toyota, this second generation is manufactured by Daihatsu instead of Subaru, and is a rebadged Daihatsu Mira.[3]


  1. ^ "Pleo". YouTube. 20 March 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2002). Katalog Samochody Świata 2003 [World Car Catalogue 2003]. Warsaw, Poland: Print Shops Prego - Polska Sp. z o.o. p. 197. ISSN 1234-8198.
  3. ^ Gardiner, Justin (2008-04-16). "Subaru to stop making Kei Cars". Autoblog. Retrieved 2010-10-04.