Subbaraya Sastri

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for the mystic/occultist (d. 1941), see Vaimanika Shastra.
Subbaraya Sastri
Born 1803
Died 1862 (aged 60)
Occupation composer
Nationality Indian
Genre Carnatic music

Subbaraya Sastri (1803 - 1862) the son and student of Syama Sastri, one of the most famous figures in the history of Carnatic music. He also has the unique distinction of having studied music from all the three of the musicians now acknowledged as "the Trinity of Carnatic Music": his father, and the master musicians Tyagaraja and Muthuswamy Dikshitar.

Early life[edit]

Subbaraya was born in 1803 as the second son of Syama Sastri. He studied music initially from his father. Later Syama Shastri asked Tyagaraja to teach his son and sent Subbaraya to him. He also had the opportunity to learn a few krithi from Muthuswami Dikshitar. He also learnt Hindustani music from Meru Goswami, a musician of the Thanjavur palace, and from Ramadas Swami who was a recluse and who lived in Tiruvidaimarudur near Kumbakonam.


Subbaraya Shastry composed only a few krithi. But their technical quality, beauty, devotion and intricacies have made them enduring and famous. Subbaraya Sastri composed most of his kritis in praise of the Mother Goddess. Some of his famous kritis are Janani ninnuvina (Reetigowla), Ninnusevinchina (Yadukulakambhoji), Venkatasailavihara (Hamirkalyani) and Sankari Nee (Begada)


Composition Raga Tala Type Language Other Info Audio Links
jananI ninu vinA rIti gouLa] misRa chApu Kriti Telugu

MS Subbulakshmi -
Sudha Raghunathan -
Priya Sisters -

ninu vinA gati kAna jagAna kaLyANi Adi Kriti Telugu
O jagadambA nannu brOvu Ananda bhairavi Adi Kriti Telugu

Toronto Brothers -

See also[edit]