Subdivisions of Belgrade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Subdivisions of Belgrade
Belgrade Municipalities (with numbers).png

The city of Belgrade is divided into 17 municipalities.[1]

Most of the municipalities are situated on the southern side of the Danube and Sava rivers, in the Šumadija region. Three municipalities (Zemun, Novi Beograd, and Surčin) are on the northern bank of the Sava, in the Syrmia region, and the municipality of Palilula, spanning the Danube, is in both the Šumadija and Banat regions.

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Area [km²] 2011 census 2016 estimate[2]
1.
COA Stari Grad (small).png
Stari Grad 7 48,061 46,382
2.
COA Savski Venac (small).png
Savski Venac 16 38,660 36,739
3.
COA Vracar (small).png
Vračar 3 55,463 57,343
4.
COA Novi Beograd.gif
Novi Beograd 41 212,104 214,132
5.
COA Cukarica.png
Čukarica 155 179,031 178,009
6.
COA Rakovica.png
Rakovica 29 108,413 108,710
7.
COA Voždovac.gif
Voždovac 150 157,152 167,331
8.
COA Zvezdara.png
Zvezdara 31 148,014 161,340
9.
Grb Zemuna.png
Zemun 154 166,292 172,803
10.
COA Palilula.gif
Palilula 447 170,593 180,081
11.
COA Surcin.png
Surčin 285 42,012 45,887
12.
COA Obrenovac (small).png
Obrenovac 411 71,419 72,246
13.
COA Barajevo.gif
Barajevo 213 24,641 27,024
14.
Sopot (grb).gif
Sopot 271 20,199 20,002
15.
COA Grocka.png
Grocka 289 83,398 86,099
16.
COA Lazarevac.png
Lazarevac 384 58,224 57,444
17.
COA Mladenovac (small).png
Mladenovac 339 53,050 52,390
Total
3,225 1,659,440 1,683,962

Governmental structure[edit]

A municipality is a part of the territory of the City of Belgrade, in which certain operations of local self-government laid down by the City Charter are run. Pursuant to the Constitution, legislation, present Charter and bylaws of the municipality, the citizens participate in conducting operations of the municipality through the councilors elected to the municipal assembly, civil initiative, local citizens’ meeting and referendum.

The bodies of the municipality are:

  • Municipal Assembly
  • Municipal Council

The number of councilors in the Municipal Assembly ranges from 19 to 75 councilors.

The District Council Chairman presides over the Municipal Assembly, and he/she is a chairperson of the Municipal Council. The Municipal Assembly elects the District Council Chairman among the municipal councilors.

The Municipal Council is composed of the District Council Chairman, Deputy District Council Chairman and at the most 7 members. The Municipal Council members are elected by the Municipal Assembly among both councilors and citizens further to the proposal by the District Council Chairman.

History[edit]

During the Austrian occupation of northern Serbia 1718-1739, Belgrade was divided by the governing Austrian authorities on 6 districts: Fortress, Serbian town (modern Kosančićev Venac, German town (modern Dorćol), Lower Serbian town (Savamala), Karlstadt (Palilula) and the Great military hospital (Terazije-Tašmajdan).[3]

Administration of Belgrade City was established in 1839, according to the Law on the organization of municipalities. In 1841 the administration was made independent from the Ministry of interior, though the government still supervised the courts, police and administration.[4] First proposal for the town's subdivision into the quarters originates from 1847. It envisioned 6 quarters: Metropolitan, Zerek (Dorćol), Savamala, Terazije, Palilula and Vračar.[3]

In December 1859, mayor of Belgrade, at that time called "city administrator", Nikola Hristić, suggested the division of Belgrade into quarters, which would move the city further from the oriental way of administration and mark the beginning of the modern, European way of local governing. Ministry of interior forwarded his request to the State Council and to Prince of Serbia Miloš Obrenović. They accepted the proposition and on 5 September [O.S. 24 July] 1860, Prince Miloš signed ukaz by which Belgrade, with some 3,000 houses at the time, was divided into six quarters. The quarters were sub-areal organs of the municipal administration and had certain jurisdiction over political and public security, construction, administrative works, education, health care, social care, etc.[5] By the 1883 census, the city had a population of 36,177, or by the quarters: Palilula 7,118, Terazije 6,333, Vračar 5,965, Dorćol 5,728, Savamala 5,547 and Varoš 4,519. Remaining 767 inhabitants lived in Topčider, which wasn't organized as a quarter.[6][7] Additional quarter called Grad (Town), which occupied the fortress area while it was inhabited, existed between the censuses of 1890 and 1910.[8]

After the May Coup, a new law was adopted on 18 June [O.S. 5 June] 1903 which created a modern local self-governance. The city was administered by the cabinet of the president of the municipality, with offices for different aspects of city life, like modern secretariats. Two specific directories were the one for the trams and another for the social and health care.[4] Still, the division on six quarters remained until the Austro-German occupation of the city in 1915, during World War I. After the liberation in 1918, city was administratively expanded to include its outer suburbs Dušanovac, Voždovac, Topčider and Čukarica.[5]

Quarters of Belgrade by the censues:[7][8][9][10]

Quarter 1883 1890 1895 1900 1905 1910 1921 1931
Dorćol 5,728 8,104 8,840 11,300 12,851 12,654 13,911 -
Grad - 2,219 2,281 2,777 2,396 454 - -
Palilula 7,318 10,651 11,442 13,149 14,667 18,513 26,235 -
Savamala 5,547 6,981 6,516 8,033 9,504 9,567 11,924 -
Terazije 6,333 5,273 6,074 6,494 6,260 9,049 7,038 -
Topčider(-Senjak) 767 1,675 2,815 2,818 3,534 3,540 8,476 -
Varoš 4,519 4,671 4,357 4,606 4,114 5,506 6,595 -
Vračar 5,965 15,189 17,465 19,304 23,909 23,215 37,560 -
City of Belgrade - - - - - - - 238,775
City of Pančevo - - - - - - - 22,089
City of Zemun - - - - - - - 28,074
Total Belgrade 36,177 54,763 59,790 68,481 77,235 82,498 111,739 288,938

In 1922 a new statute envisioned a regular elections for the city assembly every 3 years. Winning party would de allocated two thirds of the seats, while the rest would be divided among the opposition parties, using the proportional system. After the 6 January Dictatorship was introduced by the king Alexander I of Yugoslavia in 1929, part of the 1922 statute was abolished and the opposition's third in the city assembly was allocated by the prerogative of the Minister of the Interior. Administratively, area of Belgrade was expanded.[4] Towns of Zemun, across the Sava, and Pančevo, across the Danube, were annexed to the city territory on 4 October 1929,[11] forming the Administration of Belgrade City, but remained separate settlements. Zemun lost its separate status and became part of the Belgrade settlement in 1934.[12] The area of the city was divided into 14 quarters (including the original 6),[5] for the purposes of the more effective administration, police and courts.[4] In 1935 3 additional quarters were formed, lifting the total number to 17.[4]

After the World War II liberation in 1944, new Communist authorities abolished the quarters on formed 14 raions. They were later merged, leaving a total of 7 raions. Administratively, Belgrade consisted of the City of Belgrade, which covered the urban area (divided into raions), and the Zemun and Vračar districts (srez), which covered the suburban areas. As the city expanded, almost entire area of the Vračar District today also makes urban section.[4]

Raions 1948[13]
I raion 48,701
II raion 44,613
III raion 52,595
IV raion 58,536
V raion 52,302
VI raion 39,138
VII raion 32,644
VIII raion 37,237
Krnjača municipality 2,050
Total Belgrade 367,816

In May 1952 the city was reorganized in 23 municipalities: 14 urban (Voždovac, Vračar, Zvezdara, Lekino Brdo, Neimar, New Belgrade, Palilula, Savski Venac, Skadarlija, Stari Grad, Stari Đeram, Terazije, Topčidersko Brdo, Čukarica); 8 suburban (Bežanija, Borča, Žarkovo, Železnik, Krnjača, Ovča, Padinska Skela, Rakovica); and municipality of Zemun.[4] On 1 September 1955 Vračar was divided into East Vračar and West Vračar and the municipality of Karaburma was created, lifting the number of municipalities to 25. In 1955, parts of the Zemun, Vračar and Podunavlje districts merged into the new, Belgrade District, which encircled the urban area of the city and consisted of 35 municipalities. At this point, the area was enlarged to 2,090 km².[14][15][16]

Since then, municipalities were being merged, abolished an annexed. In July 1955 many municipalities, especially from the Belgrade District, have been annexed to the municipalities. For example:[14]

Enlargement of the municipalities continued by the reorganization on 3 January 1957:[14]

  • Palilula (Karaburma, Višnjica)
  • Savski Venac (West Vračar, Topčidersko Brdo)
  • Stari Grad (Skadarlija, part of Terazije)
  • Voždovac (Lekino Brdo)
  • Vračar (recreated; East Vračar, Neimar, part of Terazije)
  • Zvezdara (Stari Đeram)

After the 1955/58 reorganization of municipalities and districts, Barajevo, Obrenovac, Sopot and Grocka became parts of Belgrade. Further changes by 1960 included:[14][15][16]

By the constitutional reforms in 1963, People's Boards, which administered the municipalities were transformed into the Municipal Assemblies.[5] By that time, Belgrade consisted of 15 municipalities: Barajevo, Čukarica, Grocka, Krnјаča, New Belgrade, Obrenovac, Palilula, Savski Venac, Sopot, Stari Grad, Surčin, Voždovac, Vračar, Zemun and Zvezdara. In 1965 municipalities of Surčin (annexed to Zemun) and Krnjača (annexed to Palilula) were abolished, reducing the number of municipalities to 13. Additionally, with the abolishment of Kolari municipality and its division between Smederevo and Grocka, former municipalities of Umčari, Pudarci and Kamendol were annexed to Grocka and, thus, to Belgrade. Municipalities of Lazarevac (14) and Mladenovac (15) were added in 1971, finishing the formation of the present city territory. Rakovica (16) was reestablished in 1974 after splitting from Čukarica, while Surčin (17) split from Zemun in 2003.

Development of the Belgrade administrative division by the census years:[15][16][17]

Municipality 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002 2011
Barajevo [a] 17,461 16,552 18,815 21,647 24,641 27,110
Bežanija 3,330
New Belgrade
Borča 3,384 Krnjača
Palilula
Čukarica 13,179 79,194 153,052 132,123 154,632 168,508 181,231
East Vračar 35,986
Vračar
Grocka [a] 23,723 35,275 54,599 69,448 75,466 83,907
Karaburma 9,587
Palilula
Krnjača 2,936 21,904
Palilula
Lazarevac
[a]
45,675 51,068 58,882 58,511 58,622
Lekino Brdo 24,711
Voždovac
Mladenovac
[a]
47,134 52,489 56,389 52,490 53,096
Neimar 28,885
Vračar
New Belgrade 8,009 33,347 92,200 173,541 224,424 217,773 214,506
Obrenovac [a] 48,228 53,260 62,612 70,234 70,975 72,524
Ovča 1,767 Krnjača
Palilula
Padinska Skela 6,694 Krnjača
Palilula
Palilula 29,289 67,237 126,380 150,484 156,587 155,902 173,521
Rakovica 10,161
Čukarica
87,067 97,752 99,000 108,641
Savski Venac 23,748 74,971 63,531 53,374 47,682 42,505 39,122
Skadarlija 31,281
Stari Grad
Sopot
[a]
21,166 20,860 20,527 20,390 20,367
Stari Đeram 27,595
Zvezdara
Stari Grad 42,440 96,517 83,742 73,767 70,791 55,543 48,450
Surčin [a] 21,039
Zemun
43,819
Terazije 17,858
Stari Grad / Vračar
Topčidersko Brdo 20,469
Savski Venac
Vračar [b] 88,422 84,291 78,862 69,680 58,386 56,333
Voždovac 19,409 85,458 134,206 159,364 161,376 151,768 158,213
West Vračar 21,149
Savski Venac
Zemun 44,110 74,851 139,958 172,295 181,692 191,645 168,170
Zvezdara 32,795 88,919 112,938 128,753 140,483 132,621 151,808
Žarkovo 4,642
Čukarica
Železnik 6,758
Čukarica
Total Belgrade 470,172 821,271 1,209,360 1,470,073 1,602,226 1,576,124 1,659,440

Today[edit]

Since 2006, all municipalities which constitute the cities are officially named “city municipalities”, so all 17 municipalities of the City of Belgrade were legally renamed (City municipality of Zemun, City municipality of Sopot, etc.).[5] The name is administrative and same for all municipalities, regardless of the statistical (urban/rural) or practical and colloquial division (urban/suburban).

As of 2018, there are:[17]

  • 6 municipalities which are fully urban and integrated into the Belgrade as a settlement (New Belgrade, Rakovica, Stari Grad, Savski Venac, Zvezdara, Vračar)
  • 4 municipalities which are partially urban/integrated and partially suburban, including rural areas (Palilula, Zemun, Voždovac, Čukarica)
  • 6 municipalities which are suburban, with both urban (usually municipal seats) and rural settlements (Obrenovac, Lazarevac, Sopot, Grocka, Mladenovac, Surčin)
  • 1 municipality which is suburban and fully rural (Barajevo)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Urban Municipalities". Official website. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
  2. ^ Dušan Gavrilović, ed. (2017). Statistical yearbook of the Republic of Serbia 2017. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. p. 462. ISSN 0354-4206.
  3. ^ a b "Kako su nastali gradski kvartovi" [How the city quarters were formed] (in Serbian). Glas Javnosti. 3 September 2004.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Nikola Belić (December 2011), "Varoš, obština, kvartovi, rejoni..." [Town, municipality, quarters, raions...], Politika (in Serbian)
  5. ^ a b c d e Slobodan Kljakić (2 August 2010), "Od šest kvartova do sedamnaest opština" [From six quarters to seventeen municipalities], Politika (in Serbian)
  6. ^ Dejan Aleksić (9 May 2017), "Šest decenija opštine Palilula - Nekad selo, a danas urbana celina grada", Politika (in Serbian)
  7. ^ a b Belgrade by the 1883 census
  8. ^ a b Претходни резултати пописа становништва и домаће стоке у Краљевини Србији 31 декембра 1910 године, Књига V, стр. 10 [Preliminary results of the census of population and husbandry in Kingdom of Serbia on 31 December 1910, Vol. V, page 10]. Управа државне статистике, Београд (Administration of the state statistics, Belgrade). 1911.
  9. ^ Final results of the census of population from 31 January 1921, page 4. Kingdom of Yugoslavia - General State Statistics, Sarajevo. June 1932.
  10. ^ Final results of the census of population from 31 March 1931, page 12. Kingdom of Yugoslavia - General State Statistics, Belgrade. 1937.
  11. ^ Službene novine KJ br. 232/29 (Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, No. 232/29) (in Serbian). 1929.
  12. ^ Miodrag A. Dabižić. Prilog prošlosti gradskog parka u Zemunu od sedamdesetih godina XIX veka do 1914. godine (A contribution to the past history of the town park in Zemun from the 1870s to 1914) (in Serbian (summary in English)).
  13. ^ Final results of the population census of March 15th 1948, Volume IX, Population by ethnic nationality , page 300. Federal Statistical, Belgrade. 1954.
  14. ^ a b c d Oto Bihalji-Merin; et al., eds. (1959). Mala enciklopedija Prosveta, I edition, Vol. I & II. Prosveta.
  15. ^ a b c Popis stanovništva 1953, Stanovništvo po narodnosti (pdf). Savezni zavod za statistiku, Beograd.
  16. ^ a b c Popis stanovništva 1961, Stanovništvo prema nacionalnom sastavu (pdf). Savezni zavod za statistiku, Beograd.
  17. ^ a b Comparative overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011 – Data by settlements, pages 28-32. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4.

Notes[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b c d e f g not part of Belgrade
  2. ^ divided among several municipalities

External links[edit]