Subdivisions of Egypt

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Egypt is divided, for the purpose of public administration, according to a three-layer hierarchy and some districts are further subdivided, creating an occasional fourth-layer.

The top-level of the hierarchy are 27 governorates (singular: محافظة muḥāfẓa, plural: محافظات muḥāfẓat). The second-level, beneath and within governorates, are marakiz (singular: مركز markaz, plural: مراكز marakiz) or aqsam (singular: قسم qism, plural: أقسام aqsam). The third-level is composed of districts (singular: حي ḥay, plural: أحياء aḥya') and villages (singular: قرية qarya, plural: قرى qura). There is a governing structure at each of these levels.[1][2] Districts may be further divided into sub-districts as a fourth-level.

There are also 7 economic regions for physical planning purposes, as defined by the General Organization for Physical Planning (GOPP).

Provincial divisions[edit]

Main article: Governorates of Egypt

Egypt is divided into 27 governorates (muhāfazāt) and each has a capital and at least one city.[3] Each governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves, at the president's discretion. Most governorates have a population density of more than one thousand per km², while the three largest have a population density of less than two per km².[4] The governorates of Egypt are:

Municipal divisions[edit]

Map of Egypt's municipal divisions.

At the municipal-level are marakiz or aqsam (rural areas are divided into marakiz whereas urban areas are divided into aqsam). As of 2013, there were 371 subdivisions, of which 177 were aqsam, 162 marakiz, 9 new cities, 3 police-administered areas, and 20 unorganized areas.[6][7]

k - qism m - markaz n - new city p - police-administered

  • 6th of October 1 (k)
  • 6th of October 2 (k)
  • 10th of Ramadan 1 (k)
  • 10th of Ramadan 2 (k)
  • 15th of May (k)
  • Abdeen (k)
  • Abnub (m)
  • Abu El Matamir (m)
  • Abu Hammad (m)
  • Abu Hummus (m)
  • Abu Kebir (m)
  • Abu Qirqas (m)
  • Abu Radis (k)
  • Abu Simbel (m)
  • Abu Tig (m)
  • Abu Tisht (m)
  • Abu Zenima (k)
  • Aga (m)
  • Agouza (k)
  • Ain Shams (k)
  • Akhmim (m)
  • Alexandria Port Police Dept. (p)
  • Amreya (k)
  • Arish 1 (k)
  • Arish 2 (k)
  • Arish 3 (k)
  • Arish 4 (k)
  • Armant (m)
  • Ashmoun (m)
  • Aswan (k)
  • Aswan (m)
  • Asyut (m)
  • Asyut 1 (k)
  • Asyut 2 (k)
  • Ataka (k)
  • Atfih (m)
  • Awlad Saqr (m)
  • Awsim (m)
  • Azbakeya (k)
  • Bab El Sharia (k)
  • Bab Sharq (k)
  • Badr (k)
  • Badr (m)
  • Banha (k)
  • Banha (m)
  • Baris Shurta (m)
  • Basyoun (m)
  • Beni Ebeid (m)
  • Beni Mazar (m)
  • Beni Suef (k)
  • Beni Suef (m)
  • Biba (m)
  • Bilbeis (m)
  • Bilqas (m)
  • Bir El Abd (k)
  • Birket El Sab (m)
  • Biyala (m)
  • Borg El Arab (k)
  • Bulaq (k)
  • Bulaq El Dakrur (k)
  • Burullus (m)
  • Dahab (k)
  • Dairut (m)
  • Damanhur (k)
  • Damanhur (m)
  • Damietta (m)
  • Damietta 1 (k)
  • Damietta 2 (k)
  • Dar El Salam (m)
  • Daraw (m)
  • Deir Mawas (m)
  • Dekernes (m)
  • Dekhela (k)
  • Desouk (k)
  • Desouk (m)
  • Dishna (m)
  • Diyarb Negm (m)
  • Dokki (k)
  • Edfu (m)
  • Edku (m)
  • El Ahram (k)
  • El Arab (k)
  • El Arbein (k)
  • El Atareen (k)
  • El Ayyat (m)
  • El Badari (m)
  • El Badrashein (m)
  • El Bagour (m)
  • El Balyana (m)
  • El Basal Port (k)
  • El Basatin (k)
  • El Dabaa (k)
  • El Darb El Ahmar (k)
  • El Dawahy (k)
  • El Delengat (m)
  • El Fashn (m)
  • El Fath (m)
  • El Gamaliya (k)
  • El Gamaliya (m)
  • El Ganayin (k)
  • El Ghanayem (m)
  • El Gomrok (k)
  • El Hamam (k)
  • El Hamool (m)
  • El Hassana (k)
  • El Hawamdiya (k)
  • El Husseiniya (m)
  • El Ibrahimiya (m)
  • El Idwa (m)
  • El Kawsar (k)
  • El Khalifa (k)
  • El Labban (k)
  • El Mahalla El Kubra (m)
  • El Mahalla El Kubra 1 (k)
  • El Mahalla El Kubra 2 (k)
  • El Mahmoudiyah (m)
  • El Manakh (k)
  • El Manasra (k)
  • El Mansha (m)
  • El Mansheya (k)
  • El Manzala (m)
  • El Maragha (m)
  • El Marg (k)
  • El Matareya (k)
  • El Matareya (m)
  • El Muski (k)
  • El Nozha (k)
  • El Omraniya (k)
  • El Qanater El Khayreya (m)
  • El Qanayat (k)
  • El Qantara (m)
  • El Qantara El Sharqiya (k)
  • El Qoseir (k)
  • El Qurein (k)
  • El Qusiya (m)
  • El Rahmaniya (m)
  • El Raml 1 (k)
  • El Raml 2 (k)
  • El Reyad (m)
  • El Saff (m)
  • El Salam (k)
  • El Santa (m)
  • El Sayeda Zeinab (k)
  • El Segil (k)
  • El Senbellawein (m)
  • El Sharabiya (k)
  • El Sharq (k)
  • El Shohada (m)
  • El Shorouk (k)
  • El Tebbin (k)
  • El Tor (k)
  • El Usayrat (m)
  • El Wahat El Bahariya (k)
  • El Wahat El Khariga (k)
  • El Waqf (m)
  • El Warraq (k)
  • El Wasta (m)
  • El Weili (k)
  • El Zaher (k)
  • El Zarqa (m)
  • El Zawya El Hamra (k)
  • El Zohur (k)
  • Esna (m)
  • Faisal (k)
  • Faiyum (k)
  • Faiyum (m)
  • Faqous (k)
  • Faqous (m)
  • Faraskur (m)
  • Farshut (m)
  • Fayed (m)
  • Fuwa (m)
  • Gamasa (k)
  • Ganoubi 1 (k)
  • Ganoubi 2 (k)
  • Gharb Nubariya (k)
  • Girga (k)
  • Girga (m)
  • Giza (k)
  • Giza (m)
  • Hada'iq El Qobbah (k)
  • Hala'ib (k)
  • Heliopolis (k)
  • Helwan (k)
  • Hihya (m)
  • Hosh Essa (m)
  • Hurghada (k)
  • Hurghada 2 (k)
  • Ibsheway (m)
  • Ihnasiya (m)
  • Imbaba (k)
  • Imbaba (m)
  • Ismailia (m)
  • Ismailia 1 (k)
  • Ismailia 2 (k)
  • Ismailia 3 (k)
  • Itay El Barud (m)
  • Itsa (m)
  • Juhayna El Gharbiyah (m)
  • Kafr El Dawwar (k)
  • Kafr El Dawwar (m)
  • Kafr El Sheikh (k)
  • Kafr El Sheikh (m)
  • Kafr El Zayat (m)
  • Kafr Saad (m)
  • Kafr Saqr (m)
  • Kafr Shukr (m)
  • Karmoz (k)
  • Kerdasa (m)
  • Khanka (m)
  • Khusus (k)
  • Kom Hamada (m)
  • Kom Ombo (m)
  • Kotoor (m)
  • Luxor (k)
  • Luxor (m)
  • Maadi (k)
  • Maghaghah (m)
  • Mahallat Dimna (m)
  • Mallawi (k)
  • Mallawi (m)
  • Manfalut (m)
  • Mansoura (m)
  • Mansoura 1 (k)
  • Mansoura 2 (k)
  • Marina El Alamein (k)
  • Marsa Alam (k)
  • Mashtool El Souk (m)
  • Matay (m)
  • Menouf (k)
  • Menouf (m)
  • Mersa Matruh (k)
  • Metoubes (m)
  • Minya (k)
  • Minya (m)
  • Minya El Qamh (m)
  • Minyet El Nasr (m)
  • Mit Ghamr (k)
  • Mit Ghamr (m)
  • Mit Salsil (m)
  • Moharam Bek (k)
  • Monshat El Nasr (k)
  • Montaza (k)
  • Mubarak Sharq El Tafrea (k)
  • Nabaroh (m)
  • Nag Hammadi (m)
  • Nakhl (k)
  • Naqada (m)
  • Nasir Bush (m)
  • Nasr (m)
  • Nasr City 1 (k)
  • Nasr City 2 (k)
  • New Akhmim (n)
  • New Aswan (n)
  • New Asyut (n)
  • New Beni Suef (k)
  • New Borg El Arab (n)
  • New Cairo 1 (k)
  • New Cairo 2 (k)
  • New Cairo 3 (k)
  • New Damietta (k)
  • New Faiyum (n)
  • New Minya (n)
  • New Qena (n)
  • New Salhia (k)
  • New Sohag (n)
  • New Toshka (n)
  • North Coast (k)*
  • North Coast (k)
  • Nuweiba (k)
  • Obour (k)
  • Old Cairo (k)
  • Port Fuad (k)
  • Port Fuad 2 (k)
  • Port Said Police Dept. (p)
  • Qaha (k)
  • Qallin (m)
  • Qalyub (k)
  • Qalyub (m)
  • Qasr El Nil (k)
  • Qena (k)
  • Qena (m)
  • Qift (m)
  • Quesna (m)
  • Qus (m)
  • Rafah (k)
  • Ras El Bar (k)
  • Ras Gharib (k)
  • Ras Sidr (k)
  • Rod El Farag (k)
  • Rosetta (m)
  • Sadat City (m)
  • Safaga (k)
  • Sahil Salim (m)
  • Saint Catherine (k)
  • Sallum (k)
  • Samalut (m)
  • Samanoud (m)
  • Saqultah (m)
  • Sers El Lyan (k)
  • Shalateen (k)
  • Sharm El Sheikh (k)
  • Sheikh Zayed (k)
  • Sheikh Zuweid (k)
  • Shibin El Kom (k)
  • Shibin El Kom (m)
  • Shibin El Qanatir (m)
  • Shirbin (m)
  • Shubra (k)
  • Shubra El Kheima 1 (k)
  • Shubra El Kheima 2 (k)
  • Shubrakhit (m)
  • Shurtet El Dakhla (m)
  • Shurtet El Farafra (m)
  • Shurtet El Qasima (k)
  • Shurtet Rumana (k)
  • Sidfa (m)
  • Sidi Barrani (k)
  • Sidi Gaber (k)
  • Sidi Salem (m)
  • Sinnuris (m)
  • Siwa (k)
  • Sohag (m)
  • Sohag 1 (k)
  • Sohag 2 (k)
  • Suez (k)
  • Suez Port Police Dept. (p)
  • Sumusta El Waqf (m)
  • Taba (k)
  • Tahta (k)
  • Tahta (m)
  • Tala (m)
  • Talkha (m)
  • Tamiya (m)
  • Tanta (m)
  • Tanta 1 (k)
  • Tanta 2 (k)
  • Tell El Kebir (m)
  • Tibah Police Dept. (m)
  • Tima (m)
  • Timay El Imdid (m)
  • Tukh (m)
  • Tura (k)
  • Unorganized in Alexandria (u)
  • Unorganized in Aswan (u)
  • Unorganized in Asyut (u)
  • Unorganized in Beheira (u)
  • Unorganized in Beni Suef (u)
  • Unorganized in Cairo (u)
  • Unorganized in Dakahlia (u)
  • Unorganized in Damietta (u)
  • Unorganized in Faiyum (u)
  • Unorganized in Giza (u)
  • Unorganized in Ismailia (u)
  • Unorganized in Kafr El Sheikh (u)
  • Unorganized in Luxor (u)
  • Unorganized in Minya (u)
  • Unorganized in Port Said (u)
  • Unorganized in Qalyubia (u)
  • Unorganized in Qena (u)
  • Unorganized in Sharqia (u)
  • Unorganized in Sohag (u)
  • Unorganized in Suez (u)
  • Wadi El Natrun (m)
  • Yousef El Seddik (m)
  • Zagazig (m)
  • Zagazig 1 (k)
  • Zagazig 2 (k)
  • Zamalek (k)
  • Zefta (m)
  • Zeitoun (k)

Submunicipal divisions[edit]

The village is the smallest local unit in rural communities, and is the equivalent of a district in urban areas. However, villages differ from each other in terms of legal status. The heads of villages or districts are appointed by the respective governors. [8] In addition to this, districts are occasionally further divided into sub-district neighborhoods called sheyakha, or residential districts (singular: حي سكني ḥay sakani, plural: أحياء سكنية aḥya' sakaniya).[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Metz, Helen Chapin (1990). Egypt: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1990. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Governorates of Egypt". Statoids. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "Inhabited Population Density By Governorate 1/7/2014" (PDF). CAPMAS Egyptian Figures 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Seat of a first-order administrative division". Geonames. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Egypt Markazes". Statoids. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  7. ^ Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Governor appoints first woman to head municipality in Egypt's Alexandria". Ahram Online. June 20, 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  9. ^ Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa: Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access. World Bank Publication. February 11, 2014. p. 33. Retrieved 19 October 2016.