Administrative divisions of Georgia (country)

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Capital City, Autonomous Republics, and Regions of Georgia
დედაქალაქში, ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკების და საქართველოს რეგიონები (Georgian)
Category Unitary state
Location Georgia
Number 9 Regions
2 Autonomous Republics
1 Capital City
Populations (Regions only):51,000 (Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti) – 511,300 (Kvemo Kartli)
Areas (Regions only):785 square miles (2,030 km2) (Guria) - 4,393 square miles (11,380 km2) (Kakheti)
Government Region government, Autonomous Republican government, National government
Subdivisions District
Regions of Georgia
Regions of Georgia (country).svg
Map ref. Region Capital
1 Abkhazia Sukhumi (Sokhumi)
2 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Zugdidi
3 Guria Ozurgeti
4 Adjara Batumi
5 Racha-Lechkhumi
and Kvemo Svaneti
6 Imereti Kutaisi
7 Samtskhe-Javakheti Akhaltsikhe
8 Shida Kartli Gori
9 Mtskheta-Mtianeti Mtskheta
10 Kvemo Kartli Rustavi
11 Kakheti Telavi
12 Tbilisi Tbilisi
Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg
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Georgia is divided into two autonomous republics (Georgian: ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა, avtonomiuri respublika), nine regions (Georgian: მხარე, mkhare), and the capital city of Tbilisi. The nine regions are Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli. The regions were organized on an interim basis in 1995 and consist of municipalities (მუნიციპალიტეტი), the total number of which is 62. Tbilisi and 11 other cities and towns—Ambrolauri, Akhaltsikhe, Batumi, Gori, Kutaisi, Mtskheta, Ozurgeti, Poti, Rustavi, Telavi, and Zugdidi enjoy a self-governing status (თვითმმართველი ქალაქი, t'vit'mmart'veli k'alak'i).

First-level entities[edit]

Autonomous republics[edit]

The autonomous republics (Abkhazia and Adjara) were established during the Soviet regime and are recognized by the modern Georgian Constitution. Abkhazia represents a breakaway republic whose independence is not recognized internationally. De jure, Abkhazia is headed by the Chairman of the Supreme Council (in exile) while de facto it is headed by the President. Ajara, which is headed by the Chairman of Cabinet of Ministers, became fully loyal to the central authorities of Georgia following a peaceful ousting of the former secessionist leader in 2004.


There is one city on the first level: Tblisi, the capital of Georgia.


Regions were established by Presidential decrees from 1994 to 1996, on a provisional basis until the secessionist conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia are resolved. The regional administration is headed by State Commissioner (Georgian: სახელმწიფო რწმუნებული) – informally Governor – an official appointed by the President of Georgia.

The status of the former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast – South Ossetia (also referred to as Samachablo or Tskhinvali Region), is the subject of negotiation with the de facto separatist government, headed by the President. The breakaway republic claims the northern part of the Shida Kartli region as its territory, with small parts of neighbouring regions.


The regions are subdivided into municipalities (Georgian: მუნიციპალიტეტი), before 2006 known as raioni, (Georgian: რაიონი):

Districts of Georgia

See also[edit]