Administrative divisions of Moldova
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
two autonomous territorial units:
The final status of the latter has not been settled yet, as the region, such as defined administratively, is not under the control of Moldovan authorities. The cities of Comrat and Tiraspol also have municipality status, but are not among first-tier units of Moldova; they are the seats of Gagauzia and Transnistria, respectively.
Moldova has a total of 982 incorporated localities (de jure with 982 mayors and 982 local councils), of which 5 have municipality status, 61 have city status, and 916 are villages with commune status. They cover the entire area of the country. Another 699 villages are too small to have a separate administration, and are part of either cities (40 of them) or communes (659). This makes for a total of 1,681 localities of Moldova, all but two of which are inhabited.
The status of Chișinău, Bălți, and Bender as municipalities and first-level territorial units of the country allows their suburb villages to have, when large enough, their own mayor and local council. By contrast, the villages that are administratively part of (some of) the other cities do not retain self-rule.
- Districts 32:
|Name of district||District seat||President||Area
|Anenii Noi||Anenii Noi||Vladimir Vâzdoagă||892||83,100||93.2||45|
|Ștefan Vodă||Ștefan Vodă||Vasile Buzu||998||71,900||72.0||26|
- Municipalities 3:
|Name of municipalities||Municipality Seat||Mayor||Area
- Autonomous territory 2:
|Name of autonomy||Autonomy Seat||President||Area
Areas not under central government control include:
- Transnistria, which with the exception of six communes (comprising a total of ten localities) corresponds to the geographic part of Moldova situated to the east of the Dniestr (Romanian: Nistru) river, is de jure a part of Moldova, but in fact is governed by breakaway authorities. (See also: War of Transnistria.) The city of Dubăsari (administratively in Transnistria, and not in the Dubăsari district), and these six communes (administratively in the Dubăsari district of Moldova, and not in the administrsative definition of Transnistria), all controlled by the central authorities (except the village of Roghi in commune Molovata Nouă, which is controlled by Tiraspol), form the northern part of the security zone set at the end of the war.
- Bender municipality (the city itself, and the commune Proteagailovca), and three communes (five localities) of Căușeni district (Gîsca, Chițcani, and Cremenciug) are de facto controlled by the breakaway regime of Transnistria. Together with one the commune Varnița of Anenii Noi district and the commune Copanca of Căușeni district under Moldovan control, these localities form the southern part of the security zone set at the end of the war. The city of Bender has both a Moldovan police force (mostly symbolic) and a Transnistrian militsiya force (practically in charge in most instances).
- The smallest entity electing a mayor is the commune of Salcia, in Taraclia district (population 441). It consists of the village of Salcia, population 382, and the village of ?~Orehovca, population 59. The largest entity is the municipality of Chișinău, electing a mayor for 712,218 inhabitants.
- The largest number of localities governed by a single commune or city government in Moldova is 6. This is the case for:
- On the opposite end, 42 of the 66 cities, and about half the communes of Moldova have local administration providing services for a single locality.
- There are four or five localities in Moldova with a zero population:
- The village of Schinoasa was outlined within commune Țibirica, Călărași district in 2007, and information is not available yet whether it has any population.
- Village (hamlet) Ivanovca, commune Natalievca, Fălești district, population 19, inhabited by 14 Russians and 5 Ukrainians, is the only inhabited locality in Moldova without any ethnic Moldovans. On the opposite end, one commune, Cigârleni, Ialoveni district, population 2,411, and 42 villages of sub-commune level (population varying from 1 to 673), have 100% Moldovan population.
- There is a city Mărculești, and a different commune Mărculești, both situated in the Florești District
- There is a city Dondușeni, and a different commune Dondușeni, both situated in the Dondușeni district
- There is a city Drochia, and a different commune Drochia, both situated in the Drochia district
- There is a city Costești, Rîșcani district, population 2,247 (4,109 with 4 suburb villages), the 8th smallest city in Moldova, and a commune (village) Costești, Ialoveni district, population 11,128, the 2nd largest village in Moldova
Between 1998 and February 2003, Moldova was divided into 12 territorial units, including 1 municipality, 1 autonomous territorial unit, 1 territorial unit, and 9 counties (Romanian: județe; seats in brackets):
- Chișinău municipality, surrounded by Chișinău county, but different from it
- Bălți County (Bălți)
- Cahul County (Cahul)
- Chișinău County (Chișinău)
- Edineț County (Edineț)
- Lăpușna County (Hîncești)
- Orhei County (Orhei)
- Soroca County (Soroca)
- Tighina County (Căușeni)
- Ungheni County (Ungheni)
- Găgăuzia, autonomous territorial unit (Comrat)
- Stânga Nistrului, territorial unit (Dubăsari)
Cities and districts (1991-1998)
Between 1991-1998, Moldova was divided into 10 cities and 40 districts:
- Anenii Noi
- Ștefan Vodă
- ISO 3166-2:MD, ISO subdivision codes for Moldova
- Moldovan Ministry of Local Public Administration
- Law № 764-XV/2001 on the administrative organization of the Republic of Moldova available on Wikisource.
- Moldovan Law 431-XIII from April 19, 1995, Monitorul Oficial al Republicii Moldova, no. 31-32/340, June 9, 1995