Departments of Uruguay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Subdivisions of Uruguay)
Jump to: navigation, search
Departments of Uruguay
Map of the departments of Uruguay.
Category Unitary state
Location Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Number 19 departments
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uruguay
Foreign relations

Uruguay consists of 19 departments. Each department has a legislature called a Departmental Board. The mayor of the department's capital city also serves as the department's chief executive.

History[edit]

The first division of the Republic in six departments happened on 27 January 1816. In February of the same year, two more departments were formed, and in 1828 one more was added. When the First Constitution was signed in 1830, there were nine departments. These were the departments of Montevideo, Maldonado, Canelones, San José, Colonia, Soriano, Paysandú, Durazno and Cerro Largo. At that time, the department of Paysandú occupied all the territory north of the Río Negro, which included the actual departments of Artigas, Rivera, Tacuarembó, Salto, Paysandú and Río Negro.

On 17 June 1837 a new division of Uruguay was made and this northern territory was divided in three parts by the creation of the departments of Salto and Tacuarembó. At the same time the department of Minas (which was eventually renamed to Lavalleja) was created out of parts of Cerro Largo and Maldonado. Then in 1856 the department of Florida was created and on 7 July 1880 the department of Río Negro was split from Paysandú and the department of Rocha was split from Maldonado. In 1884 the department of Treinta y Tres was formed from parts of Cerro Largo and Minas, while also the department of Artigas was split from Salto, and in the same year the department of Rivera was split from Tacuarembó. Finally in the end of 1885 the department of Flores was split from San José.

1830
1837
1856
1880
1884-85
Series of maps showing the gradual formation of the actual 19 departments of Uruguay.

List of departments[edit]

Flag or
COA
Department ISO 3166-2
code
Formation Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(/km²)
Capital
Flag of Artigas Department.png Artigas UY-AR 1884
(from Salto)
11,928 73,378 6.15 Artigas
Flag of Canelones department.svg Canelones UY-CA 1816
(as Villa de Guadalupe)
4,536 520,187 114.68 Canelones
Banderadecerrolargo.jpg Cerro Largo UY-CL 1821 13,648 84,698 6.21 Melo
Flag of Colonia department.svg Colonia UY-CO 1816 6,106 123,203 20.18 Colonia del Sacramento  
Flag of Durazno Department.png Durazno UY-DU 1822
(as Entre Ríos Yí y Negro)
11,643 57,088 4.90 Durazno
Flag of Flores Department.png Flores UY-FS 1885
(from San José)
5,144 25,050 4.87 Trinidad
Flag of Florida Department.png Florida UY-FD 1856
(from San José)
10,417 67,048 6.44 Florida
Flag of Lavalleja Department.png Lavalleja UY-LA 1837
(as Minas)
10,016 58,815 5.87 Minas
Flag of Maldonado Department.png Maldonado UY-MA 1816
(as San Fernando de Maldonado)
4,793 164,300 34.28 Maldonado
Montevideo Department Coa.png Montevideo UY-MO 1816 530 1,319,108 2,489 Montevideo
Flag of Paysandu department.svg Paysandú UY-PA 1820 13,922 113,124 8.13 Paysandú
Flag of Rio Negro Department.png Río Negro UY-RN 1868
(from Paysandú)
9,282 54,765 5.90 Fray Bentos
Flag of Rivera Department.png Rivera UY-RV 1884
(as Tacuarembó)
9,370 103,493 11.04 Rivera
Flag of Rocha department.svg Rocha UY-RO 1880
(from Maldonado)
10,551 68,088 6.45 Rocha
Flag of Salto Department.png Salto UY-SA 1837
(from Paysandú)
14,163 124,878 8.82 Salto
Flag of San José department.svg San José UY-SJ 1816 4,992 108,309 21.70 San José de Mayo
Flag of Soriano Department.png Soriano UY-SO 1816
(as Santo Domingo Soriano)
9,008 82,595 9.17 Mercedes
Tacuarembo Department Coa.png Tacuarembó UY-TA 1837
(from Paysandú)
15,438 90,053 5.83 Tacuarembó
Flag of Treinta y Tres department.svg Treinta y Tres   UY-TT 1884
(from Cerro Largo and Lavalleja)
9,676 48,134 4.97 Treinta y Tres

Municipalities[edit]

Since 2009 (Law No. 18567 of 13 September 2009),[1] the Uruguayan departments have been subdivided into municipalities. As Uruguay is a very small country (3 million inhabitants, of which roughly one-half lives in the national capital), this system has been widely criticized as a waste of resources. Nevertheless, in the municipal elections of 2010 the local authorities were elected and they assumed office months later. Currently there are 89 municipalities scattered all over the country.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]