Subhi Bey Barakat

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Subhi Bey Barakat al-Khalidi
صبحي بك بركات الخالدي
Subhi barkat.jpg
Head of State of Syria
In office
29[1] June 1922 – 20[2] December 1925
Prime MinisterHimself (1925)
Vice PresidentNone
Preceded byFaisal I (As King of Syria)
Succeeded byFrançois Pierre-Alype
Personal details
Suphi Bereket[3]

Antioch, Ottoman Empire
Died1939 (aged 49–50)
Antakya, Turkey
Political partyIndependent

Subhi Bey Barakat al-Khalidi or Suphi Bereket (Arabic: صبحي بك بركات الخالديTurkish: Suphi Bereket; 1889, Antioch – 1939, Turkey) was a Syrian politician from Antioch,[4] born into a family of Turkish origin.[5] During the French Mandate of Syria, he was the president of the Syrian Federation (29[6] June 1922 – 31 December 1924) and the State of Syria (1 January 1925 – 20[7] or, according to Sami M. Moubayed, 21 December 1925).[4]

Part of the reason the French supported his candidacy as president of the Syrian Federation was because as neither a native of Damascus nor a very strong Arabic speaker (Turkish was his mother tongue), he did not seem to pose a nationalist threat to French rule.[8]

Initially he was a partner of Ibrahim Hanano in his revolt. He played a major role in merging the States of Aleppo and Damascus into one state,[citation needed] and he quit the presidency of Syria in 1925 in protest to the French position regarding the fate of the Alawite and Druze States,[citation needed] which France refused to add to Syria because it feared that might endanger the independence of the newly created Lebanon.

Personal life[edit]

Barakat was married to Halide; their daughter Süheyla Mukbile married Turkish politician Refik Koraltan and Zehra married Turkish politician Vahit Melih Halefoğlu.[9][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]; [2].
  2. ^ Arrêté No. 35 of 30 December 1925.
  3. ^ a b Cıvaoğlu, Güneri (2016). "Aile ağacında DNA". Milliyet. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b Moubayed, Sami M. (2006). Steel & silk: men and women who shaped Syria 1900-2000. Bridge between the cultures series. Cune Press. pp. 200–202. ISBN 978-1-885942-40-1. Retrieved February 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ Bidwell, Robin (1998), "Barakat, Subhi (c.1886-)", Dictionary Of Modern Arab History, Routledge, p. 68, ISBN 1136162917, BARAKAT, Subhi (c. 1886-) Syrian Head of State. He was born into a Turkish family in Antioch and was educated in the local secondary school.
  6. ^ [3]; [4].
  7. ^ Arrêté No. 35 of 30 December 1925.
  8. ^ Khoury, Philip (1987). Syria and the French Mandate: the Politics of Arab Nationalism, 1920-1945. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. p. 127.
  9. ^ "Vefat: Oğuzhan Koraltan". Hurriyet. Retrieved 18 December 2016.