Submission (combat sports)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Submissions are often indicated in grappling by tapping the opponent with the hand, or verbally submitting to the opponent or official.

A submission, also called a "tap out" is a combat sports term for yielding to the opponent, resulting in an immediate defeat. A submission is often performed by visibly tapping the floor or opponent with the hand or foot, or by verbalizing to the opponent or referee of the competition. In combative sports where the fighter has cornermen, the cornerman can also stop the fight by "throwing in the towel" (either by literally throwing in a towel or by verbalizing to the official), which may count as a submission.

To force a submission a fighter must do a submission hold, of which there is two categories. The first is joint locks, which can include armbars, americanas, anklelocks, kneebars, etc. These submissions damage the joints by hyperextending and threatening to break them. Secondly there are chokeholds. These include the Rear Naked Choke, Guillotine Choke, Triangle choke, etc. These cut air or blood flow to the brain, risking the fighter to go unconscious.

Technical submission[edit]

A technical submission or "stoppage" may occur when the referee stops the fight because a fighter has sustained an injury like a broken limb or is rendered unconscious. An example would be a fighter's arm breaking in an armbar, or a fighter going unconscious in a rear naked choke. In both cases the fighter is unable to tap out, and safely continue the fight. Such a match outcome may be called a technical submission or a technical knockout (TKO) depending on the rules of the match. In the UFC, a submission to strikes also counts as a technical knockout.

In Professional Wrestling (theatrical)[edit]

In professional wrestling a submission can be used to gain a fall and/or win the match (depending on the matches ruleset). A submission is either done by a wrestler tapping the mat or opponent three times with their hand, or verbalizing to the referee (often using the phrase "I quit"). Due to pro wrestling's choreographed nature limbs are not broken, as to protect the entertainer in the hold. To force the breaking of the hold (unless in a match with a no disqualification rule) a wrestler can grab the ring ropes, the referee will then count to 5, and if the wrestler doing the submission does not let go they will be disqualified. Many wrestlers create their own (or use pre-existing) submissions as their "finishing move", often with a unique name to fit the wrestler's gimmick. Famous examples include, Ric Flair's "Figure Four leglock", Chris Jericho's "Walls of Jericho", Bret "The Hitman" Hart's "Sharpshooter" and Roman Reigns’s “Guillotine Choke”

See also[edit]