Minister of External Affairs S. Jaishankar
|Minister of External Affairs|
|Assumed office |
30 May 2019
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Sushma Swaraj|
|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
|Assumed office |
5 July 2019
|Preceded by||Amit Shah|
|31st Foreign Secretary of India|
28 January 2015 – 28 January 2018
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Sujatha Singh|
|Succeeded by||Vijay Keshav Gokhale|
|Indian Ambassador to the United States|
1 December 2013 – 28 January 2015
|Preceded by||Nirupama Rao|
|Succeeded by||Arun Kumar Singh|
|Indian Ambassador to China|
1 June 2009 – 1 December 2013
|Preceded by||Nirupama Rao|
|Succeeded by||Ashok Kantha|
|High Commissioner of India to Singapore|
1 January 2007 – 1 June 2009
|Succeeded by||TCA Raghavan|
|Indian Ambassador to the Czech Republic|
1 January 2001 – 1 January 2004
|Succeeded by||P.S. Raghavan|
|Born||9 January 1955|
New Delhi, India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Children||3 (Dhruva, Arjun & Medha)|
|Alma mater||St. Stephen's College, Delhi (BA)|
Jawaharlal Nehru University (MA, MPhil, PhD)
|Awards||Padma Shri (2019)|
Subrahmanyam Jaishankar (born 9 January 1955) is an Indian diplomat turned politician who is serving as the current Minister of External Affairs in the Government of India since 31 May 2019. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is also a Member of Indian Parliament in the Rajya Sabha since 5 July 2019, representing Gujarat. He has previously served as the Foreign Secretary from January 2015 to January 2018.
He joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1977. He has previously served as the Indian Ambassador to the United States (2014–2015), China (2009–2013) and the Czech Republic (2001–04), and as the High Commissioner to Singapore (2007–09). S Jaishankar also had played a key role in negotiating the Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement.
On retirement he had joined Tata Sons as the President, Global Corporate Affairs. In 2019, S Jaishankar was conferred with Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of the country. On 30 May 2019, he was sworn in as a cabinet minister in the second Modi ministry. He was made the Minister of External Affairs on 31 May 2019. He is the second former Foreign Secretary to head the Ministry of External Affairs at the Cabinet-level.
Life and background
S Jaishankar was born in New Delhi, India to prominent Indian strategic affairs analyst, commentator, and civil servant K. Subrahmanyam and Sulochana. He is the brother of historian Sanjay Subrahmanyam and S. Vijay Kumar, former Rural Development Secretary of India. He also has a sister.
He did his schooling from Cambridge School Srinivaspuri and is a graduate of St. Stephen's College at the University of Delhi. He has an MA in Political Science and an M.Phil and Ph.D. in International Relations from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), where he specialised in nuclear diplomacy.
Jaishankar is married to Kyoko, who is of Japanese origin and has two sons—Dhruva and Arjun—and a daughter, Medha. He speaks Russian, English, Tamil, Hindi, conversational Japanese, and some Hungarian.
Joining the Indian Foreign Service in 1977, Jaishankar served as third secretary and second secretary in the Indian mission to the Soviet Union in Moscow from 1979 to 1981, where he studied Russian. He returned to New Delhi, where he worked as a special assistant to the diplomat Gopalaswami Parthasarathy and as undersecretary in the Americas division of India's Ministry of External Affairs, dealing with the United States. He was part of the team that resolved the dispute over the supply of US nuclear fuel to the Tarapur Power Stations in India. From 1985 to 1988 he was the first secretary at the Indian embassy in Washington, D.C.
From 1988 to 1990, he served in Sri Lanka as First Secretary and political adviser to the Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF). From 1990 to 1993, he was Counsellor (Commercial) at the Indian mission in Budapest. Returning to New Delhi, he served as Director (East Europe) in the Ministry of External Affairs and as press secretary and speechwriter for President of India Shankar Dayal Sharma.
Jaishankar was then Deputy Chief of Mission at the Indian Embassy in Tokyo from 1996 to 2000. This period saw a downturn in Indo-Japan relations following India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests as well as a recovery after a visit to India by then Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori. Jaishankar is reported to have helped introduce future Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe to his Indian counterpart, Manmohan Singh. In 2000, he was appointed India's ambassador to the Czech Republic.
From 2004 to 2007, Jaishankar was Joint Secretary (Americas) at the Ministry of External Affairs in New Delhi. In this capacity, he was involved in negotiating the US-India civil nuclear agreement and improving defence co-operation, including during relief operations following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Jaishankar was also involved with the conclusion of the 2005 New Defense Framework and the Open Skies Agreement, and he was associated with the launch of the US-India Energy Dialogue, the India-US Economic Dialogue, and the India-US CEO's Forum. In 2006–2007, Jaishankar led the Indian team during the negotiations on the 123 Agreement with the United States. He also represented the Indian government at the Carnegie Endowment International Non-proliferation Conference in June 2007.
High Commissioner to Singapore
From 2007 to 2009, Jaishankar served as India's High Commissioner to Singapore. During his tenure, he helped implement the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) that expanded the Indian business presence in Singapore, and oversaw a defence arrangement by which Singapore keeps some of its military equipment in India on a permanent basis. Jaishankar also promoted the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, and IIMPact in Singapore.
Ambassador to China
Jaishankar was India's longest-serving ambassador to China, with a four-and-a-half year term. In Beijing, Jaishankar was involved in improving economic, trade and cultural relations between China and India, and in managing the Sino-Indian border dispute. In 2012, he became the first Indian ambassador in ten years to visit Tibet.
Jaishankar's tenure as India's ambassador to China coincided with several major developments in relations between the two countries. His 2010 briefing to the Indian Cabinet Committee on Security regarding China's refusal to issue a visa to the head of the Indian army’s Northern Command led to a suspension of Indian defence co-operation with China, before the situation was resolved in April 2011. Also in 2010, Jaishankar negotiated an end to the Chinese policy of issuing stapled visas to Indians from Jammu and Kashmir. In 2012, in response to Chinese passports showing Arunachal Pradesh and Aksai Chin as parts of China, he ordered visas issued to Chinese nationals showing those territories as parts of India. And in May 2013, he negotiated the end of a stand-off resulting from the encampment by China’s People’s Liberation Army on Ladakh’s Depsang Plains, threatening to cancel Premier Li Keqiang’s scheduled visit to India if Chinese forces did not withdraw (See also 2013 Daulat Beg Oldi Incident). Jaishankar also briefed the media after the conclusion of Li's visit to New Delhi in May 2013.
Jaishankar advocated deeper Indian co-operation with China as long as India’s "core interests" were respected, and argued for better market access for Indian businesses operating in China on the grounds that more balanced trade was necessary for the bilateral economic relationship to be sustainable. He was also involved in improving people-to-people contacts between India and China, promoting events that showcased Indian culture in 30 Chinese cities and concluding an agreement with the Chinese government to introduce Mandarin in Indian schools. In addition, he was also responsible for notable investment deals, such as the $400 million agreement for a Tebian Electric Apparatus plant in Gujarat.
As his tenure in Beijing was ending, Jaishankar was under consideration to become Foreign Secretary under then-Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. However, internal pressures from members of Singh's government who had served slightly more time in the Foreign Service scuttled the appointment.
Ambassador to United States
Jaishankar was appointed as India's Ambassador to United States in September 2013. He took charge on 23 December 2013 succeeding Nirupama Rao. He arrived in the United States amid the Devyani Khobragade incident, and was involved in negotiating the Indian diplomat's departure from the United States. On 29 January 2014, Jaishankar addressed the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he argued that "the grand strategy underwriting [India-US] ties is fundamentally sound" but that ties suffered from a "problem of sentiment." On 10 March 2014, he formally presented his credentials to US President Barack Obama at the Oval Office.
Jaishankar was involved in planning Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's maiden visit to the United States in September 2014, welcoming him upon his arrival and hosting a dinner in his honour for members of the Indian-American community.
Jaishankar was appointed as Foreign Secretary of India on 29 January 2015. The announcement of his appointment was made following a 28 January 2015 meeting of the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet chaired by the PM Narendra Modi. Jaishankar is widely credited by Nepalese analysts for being the "original planner of 2015 Nepal blockade".
Minister of External Affairs
On 31 May 2019, he was appointed to the Office of Minister of External Affairs. S. Jaishankar was sworn in as Cabinet minister on 30 May 2019. He is currently the Minister of External Affairs for India.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Subrahmanyam Jaishankar.|
- Ambassador’s Bio Data, Embassy of India, Washington DC
- Interview, China Central Television, 3 August 2010
| Indian Ambassador to China
| Indian Ambassador to the United States
Arun Kumar Singh
| Foreign Secretary of India
Vijay Keshav Gokhale
| Minister of External Affairs
30 May 2019 – Present