Succession of the Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States

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The following is a list of the succession of the Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Chronology[edit]

Notes
  • Chief Justices are marked in italics.
  • Current members of the Court are marked in bold.
Date Justice Action Days since previous action
October 5, 1789 James Wilson Oath of office
October 19, 1789 John Jay Oath of office 14
February 2, 1790 William Cushing Oath of office 106
February 2, 1790 John Blair Oath of office 0
February 15, 1790 John Rutledge Oath of office 13
May 12, 1790 James Iredell Oath of office 86
March 5, 1791 John Rutledge Resigned 297
August 6, 1792 Thomas Johnson Oath of office 520
January 16, 1793 Thomas Johnson Resigned 163
March 11, 1793 William Paterson Oath of office 54
June 29, 1795 John Jay Resigned 840
August 12, 1795 John Rutledge Oath of office 44
October 25, 1795 John Blair Resigned 74
December 15, 1795 John Rutledge Rejected 51
February 4, 1796 Samuel Chase Oath of office 51
March 8, 1796 Oliver Ellsworth Oath of office 33
August 21, 1798 James Wilson Death 896
February 4, 1799 Bushrod Washington Oath of office 167
October 20, 1799 James Iredell Death 258
April 21, 1800 Alfred Moore Oath of office 183
December 15, 1800 Oliver Ellsworth Resigned 238
February 4, 1801 John Marshall Oath of office 51
January 26, 1804 Alfred Moore Resigned 1,086
May 8, 1804 William Johnson Oath of office 103
September 9, 1806 William Paterson Death 854
January 20, 1807 Brockholst Livingston Oath of office 133
May 4, 1807 Thomas Todd Oath of office 104
September 13, 1810 William Cushing Death 1,228
June 19, 1811 Samuel Chase Death 279
November 23, 1811 Gabriel Duvall Oath of office 157
February 3, 1812 Joseph Story Oath of office 72
March 18, 1823 Brockholst Livingston Death 4,061
February 10, 1824 Smith Thompson Oath of office 419
February 7, 1826 Thomas Todd Death 638
June 16, 1826 Robert Trimble Oath of office 129
August 25, 1828 Robert Trimble Death 801
November 26, 1829 Bushrod Washington Death 458
January 11, 1830 John McLean Oath of office 46
January 18, 1830 Henry Baldwin Oath of office 7
August 4, 1834 William Johnson Death 1,659
January 14, 1835 Gabriel Duvall Resigned 163
January 14, 1835 James Moore Wayne Oath of office 0
July 6, 1835 John Marshall Death 173
March 28, 1836 Roger Brooke Taney Oath of office 266
May 12, 1836 Philip Pendleton Barbour Oath of office 45
May 1, 1837 John Catron Oath of office 354
January 9, 1838 John McKinley Oath of office 263
February 25, 1841 Philip Pendleton Barbour Death 1,133
January 10, 1842 Peter Vivian Daniel Oath of office 319
December 18, 1843 Smith Thompson Death 707
April 21, 1844 Henry Baldwin Death 125
February 27, 1845 Samuel Nelson Oath of office 312
September 10, 1845 Joseph Story Death 195
January 3, 1846 Levi Woodbury Oath of office 115
August 10, 1846 Robert Cooper Grier Oath of office 219
September 4, 1851 Levi Woodbury Death 1,851
October 10, 1851 Benjamin Robbins Curtis Oath of office 36
July 19, 1852 John McKinley Death 283
April 11, 1853 John Archibald Campbell Oath of office 266
September 30, 1857 Benjamin Robbins Curtis Resigned 1,633
January 21, 1858 Nathan Clifford Oath of office 113
May 31, 1860 Peter Vivian Daniel Death 860
April 4, 1861 John McLean Death 308
April 30, 1861 John Archibald Campbell Resigned 26
January 27, 1862 Noah Haynes Swayne Oath of office 272
July 21, 1862 Samuel Freeman Miller Oath of office 175
December 10, 1862 David Davis Oath of office 142
May 20, 1863 Stephen Johnson Field Oath of office 161
October 12, 1864 Roger Brooke Taney Death 511
December 15, 1864 Salmon Portland Chase Oath of office 64
May 30, 1865 John Catron Death 166
July 5, 1867 James Moore Wayne Death 766
January 31, 1870 Robert Cooper Grier Retired 941
March 14, 1870 William Strong Oath of office 42
March 23, 1870 Joseph P. Bradley Oath of office 9
November 28, 1872 Samuel Nelson Retired 981
January 9, 1873 Ward Hunt Oath of office 42
May 7, 1873 Salmon Portland Chase Death 118
March 4, 1874 Morrison Remick Waite Oath of office 301
March 4, 1877 David Davis Resigned 1,096
December 10, 1877 John Marshall Harlan Oath of office 281
December 14, 1880 William Strong Retired 1,100
January 5, 1881 William Burnham Woods Oath of office 22
January 24, 1881 Noah Haynes Swayne Retired 19
May 17, 1881 Stanley Matthews Oath of office 113
July 25, 1881 Nathan Clifford Death 69
January 9, 1882 Horace Gray Oath of office 168
January 27, 1882 Ward Hunt Disabled 18
April 3, 1882 Samuel Blatchford Oath of office 66
May 14, 1887 William Burnham Woods Death 1,867
January 18, 1888 Lucius Quintus C. Lamar Oath of office 249
March 23, 1888 Morrison Remick Waite Death 65
October 8, 1888 Melville Weston Fuller Oath of office 199
March 22, 1889 Stanley Matthews Death 165
January 6, 1890 David Josiah Brewer Oath of office 290
October 13, 1890 Samuel Freeman Miller Death 280
January 5, 1891 Henry Billings Brown Oath of office 84
January 22, 1892 Joseph P. Bradley Death 382
October 10, 1892 George Shiras, Jr. Oath of office 262
January 23, 1893 Lucius Quintus C. Lamar Death 105
March 4, 1893 Howell Edmunds Jackson Oath of office 40
July 7, 1893 Samuel Blatchford Death 125
March 12, 1894 Edward Douglass White Oath of office 248
August 8, 1895 Howell Edmunds Jackson Death 514
January 6, 1896 Rufus Wheeler Peckham Oath of office 151
December 1, 1897 Stephen Johnson Field Retired 695
January 26, 1898 Joseph McKenna Oath of office 56
September 15, 1902 Horace Gray Death 1,692
December 8, 1902 Oliver Wendell Holmes Oath of office 84
February 23, 1903 George Shiras, Jr. Retired 77
March 2, 1903 William Rufus Day Oath of office 7
May 28, 1906 Henry Billings Brown Retired 1,183
December 17, 1906 William Henry Moody Oath of office 203
October 24, 1909 Rufus Wheeler Peckham Death 1,042
January 3, 1910 Horace Harmon Lurton Oath of office 71
March 28, 1910 David Josiah Brewer Death 84
July 4, 1910 Melville Weston Fuller Death 98
October 10, 1910 Charles Evans Hughes Oath of office 98
November 20, 1910 William Henry Moody Disabled 41
December 18, 1910 Edward Douglass White Promoted 28
December 19, 1910 Edward Douglass White Oath of office 1
January 3, 1911 Willis Van Devanter Oath of office 15
January 3, 1911 Joseph Rucker Lamar Oath of office 0
October 14, 1911 John Marshall Harlan Death 284
March 18, 1912 Mahlon Pitney Oath of office 156
July 12, 1914 Horace Harmon Lurton Death 846
September 5, 1914 James Clark McReynolds Oath of office 55
January 2, 1916 Joseph Rucker Lamar Death 484
June 5, 1916 Louis Dembitz Brandeis Oath of office 155
June 10, 1916 Charles Evans Hughes Resigned 5
August 1, 1916 John Hessin Clarke Oath of office 52
May 19, 1921 Edward Douglass White Death 1,752
July 11, 1921 William Howard Taft Oath of office 53
September 18, 1922 John Hessin Clarke Resigned 434
October 2, 1922 George Sutherland Oath of office 14
November 13, 1922 William Rufus Day Retired 42
December 31, 1922 Mahlon Pitney Disabled 48
January 2, 1923 Pierce Butler Oath of office 2
February 5, 1923 Edward Terry Sanford Oath of office 34
January 5, 1925 Joseph McKenna Retired 700
March 2, 1925 Harlan Fiske Stone Oath of office 56
February 3, 1930 William Howard Taft Retired 1,799
February 24, 1930 Charles Evans Hughes Oath of office 21
March 8, 1930 Edward Terry Sanford Death 12
June 2, 1930 Owen Josephus Roberts Oath of office 86
January 12, 1932 Oliver Wendell Holmes Retired 589
March 14, 1932 Benjamin Nathan Cardozo Oath of office 62
June 2, 1937 Willis Van Devanter Retired 1,906
August 19, 1937 Hugo Lafayette Black Oath of office 78
January 17, 1938 George Sutherland Retired 151
January 31, 1938 Stanley Forman Reed Oath of office 14
July 9, 1938 Benjamin Nathan Cardozo Death 159
January 30, 1939 Felix Frankfurter Oath of office 205
February 13, 1939 Louis Dembitz Brandeis Retired 14
April 17, 1939 William Orville Douglas Oath of office 63
November 16, 1939 Pierce Butler Death 213
January 18, 1940 Frank Murphy Oath of office 63
February 1, 1941 James Clark McReynolds Retired 380
July 1, 1941 Charles Evans Hughes Retired 150
July 2, 1941 Harlan Fiske Stone Promoted 1
July 3, 1941 Harlan Fiske Stone Oath of office 1
July 8, 1941 James Francis Byrnes Oath of office 5
July 11, 1941 Robert Houghwout Jackson Oath of office 3
October 3, 1942 James Francis Byrnes Resigned 449
February 15, 1943 Wiley Blount Rutledge Oath of office 135
July 31, 1945 Owen Josephus Roberts Resigned 897
October 1, 1945 Harold Hitz Burton Oath of office 62
April 22, 1946 Harlan Fiske Stone Death 203
June 24, 1946 Fred Moore Vinson Oath of office 63
July 19, 1949 Frank Murphy Death 1,121
August 24, 1949 Thomas Campbell Clark Oath of office 36
September 10, 1949 Wiley Blount Rutledge Death 17
October 12, 1949 Sherman Minton Oath of office 32
September 8, 1953 Fred Moore Vinson Death 1,427
October 5, 1953 Earl Warren Oath of office 27
October 9, 1954 Robert Houghwout Jackson Death 369
March 28, 1955 John Marshall Harlan II Oath of office 170
October 15, 1956 Sherman Minton Retired 567
February 25, 1957 Stanley Forman Reed Retired 133
March 22, 1957 William J. Brennan, Jr. Oath of office 25
March 25, 1957 Charles Evans Whittaker Oath of office 3
October 13, 1958 Harold Hitz Burton Retired 567
October 14, 1958 Potter Stewart Oath of office 1
April 1, 1962 Charles Evans Whittaker Disabled 1,265
April 16, 1962 Byron Raymond White Oath of office 15
August 28, 1962 Felix Frankfurter Retired 134
October 1, 1962 Arthur Joseph Goldberg Oath of office 34
July 25, 1965 Arthur Joseph Goldberg Resigned 1,028
October 4, 1965 Abe Fortas Oath of office 71
June 12, 1967 Thomas Campbell Clark Retired 616
October 2, 1967 Thurgood Marshall Oath of office 112
May 14, 1969 Abe Fortas Resigned 590
June 23, 1969 Earl Warren Resigned 40
June 23, 1969 Warren Earl Burger Oath of office 0
June 9, 1970 Harry A. Blackmun Oath of office 351
September 17, 1971 Hugo Lafayette Black Retired 465
September 23, 1971 John Marshall Harlan II Retired 6
January 7, 1972 Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Oath of office 106
January 7, 1972 William H. Rehnquist Oath of office 106
November 12, 1975 William Orville Douglas Retired 1,405
December 19, 1975 John Paul Stevens Oath of office 37
July 3, 1981 Potter Stewart Retired 2,023
September 25, 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor Oath of office 84
September 26, 1986 Warren Earl Burger Retired 1,827
September 26, 1986 William H. Rehnquist Promoted 0
September 26, 1986 William H. Rehnquist Oath of office 0
September 26, 1986 Antonin Scalia Oath of office 0
June 26, 1987 Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Retired 273
February 18, 1988 Anthony M. Kennedy Oath of office 237
July 20, 1990 William J. Brennan, Jr. Retired 883
October 9, 1990 David H. Souter Oath of office 81
October 1, 1991 Thurgood Marshall Retired 357
November 1, 1991 Clarence Thomas Oath of office 31
June 28, 1993 Byron Raymond White Retired 605
August 10, 1993 Ruth Bader Ginsburg Oath of office 43
August 3, 1994 Harry A. Blackmun Retired 358
August 3, 1994 Stephen G. Breyer Oath of office 0
September 3, 2005 William H. Rehnquist Death 4,049
September 29, 2005 John G. Roberts, Jr. Oath of office 26
January 31, 2006 Sandra Day O'Connor Retired 124
January 31, 2006 Samuel A. Alito, Jr. Oath of office 0
June 29, 2009 David H. Souter Retired 1,245
August 8, 2009 Sonia Sotomayor Oath of office 40
June 29, 2010 John Paul Stevens Retired 325
August 7, 2010 Elena Kagan Oath of office 39
February 13, 2016 Antonin Scalia Death 2,016

References[edit]

See also[edit]