Successor (album)

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Dedekind Cut - Successor cover.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedNovember 11, 2016 (2016-11-11)
Dedekind Cut chronology
American Zen
Singles from $uccessor
  1. "46:50"
  2. "Conversation with Angels"
Side B
$uccessor (DED004) LP vinyl side B label 2016.png

Successor (stylized as $uccessor) is the debut studio album by American experimental artist Fred Warmsley, under the alias Dedekind Cut. It was released on November 11, 2016, by NON Worldwide and Hospital Productions. The album features guest vocals from Active Child, as well as co-production from producer Al Carlson, notable for his work on Oneohtrix Point Never's Replica and St. Vincent's Marry Me.

Background and recording[edit]

The Cycling '74 software Max was used in a majority of the recording of $uccessor.

In 2013, Warmsley, then known as Lee Bannon and for his production work with Pro Era,[1] began to explore a more experimental sound as a solo artist. In June 2013, he self-released NW/WB,[2] which showcased strong jungle and drum and bass influences and garnered a significant amount of attention.[3] The project drew the interest of record labels including Warp Records, Sacred Bones Records and Ninja Tune, which signed Warmsley in October 2013.[4] His debut studio album, entitled Alternate/Endings, was released on January 9, 2014, to critical acclaim.[5][6][7] Rolling Stone placed Alternate/Endings at number 15 of its "20 Best EDM, Electronic and Dance Albums of 2014".[8]

On May 26, 2015, Warmsley announced via a hand-written note shared on his Instagram page that he would be changing his moniker from Lee Bannon to "¬ b" (meaning "not Bannon"). He wrote that Pattern of Excel would be his final release as Lee Bannon, adding that he felt the name had "reached its limits" and that "the future can no longer exist in the same realm with music I created when I was 17, fickle and still developing."[9][10] Early recording for $uccessor, then titled ANA, began in December 2014 at Warmsley's personal studio in Brooklyn, New York,[11] but was put on hold while Warmsley released the album Patterns of Excel.[12]

With the inception of the name Dedekind Cut, recording on $uccessor resumed in the summer of 2015 in Dublin, Ireland. On September 9, 2015, Warmsley released an EP entitled tHot eNhançeR,[13] his first release as Dedekind Cut,[14] during the making of which Warmsley befriended NON Worldwide founder Chino Amobi, leading to the label's involvement in the release of $uccessor.[15]

During the fall of 2015, Warmsley began working with Al Carlson on completing the album. They both used Max looping rigs and the Roland Integra-7 synth.[citation needed] In February 2016, various tracks in their demo forms were used to create the EP American Zen, Warmsley's first release with Hospital Productions, with unreleased tracks made exclusively available on his Bandcamp page as free bonus tracks. On September 1, 2016, it was announced that the album would be released on November 11, 2016.[16]

On November 9, 2016, the album's second half and unused bonus tracks were made available for streaming and downloading on Wikipedia and MediaFire respectively.[17][18]


In a 2016 interview with the Red Bull Music Academy, Warmsley cited the 'downtown music' of Philip Glass, Steve Reich and Laurie Anderson, along with some of his contemporary collaborators including Juliana Huxtable and Chino Amobi as major influences on the cultural meaning of the album.[19][20] Michael Cretu's "Return to Innocence" and MCMXC a.D., along with other new age releases were used as sonic markers by Warmsley and producer Al Carlson during the mixing process.[21] Yanni's "One Man's Dream" and Moby's "When It's Cold I'd Like to Die" from his 1995 album Everything Is Wrong were also cited. The English cross-genre experimental group Coil was also noted as being a heavy influence on the early 2015 recording sessions. French composer Erik Satie's concept of "furniture music" inspired both the piano played at the end of the first single "46:50", and the release of limited-edition yoga/meditation mats that accompanied the announcement of the album.[citation needed]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Tiny Mix Tapes[24]
The Drainage8.4/10[25]

Successor has received generally positive reviews from music critics. Paul Simpson of AllMusic gave the album 4 out of 5 stars, saying that the album is "a chilly, bracing examination of fear and hope, and it's easily the producer's most ambitious work yet."[22] Thea Ballard of Pitchfork also gave the album a good review, commenting that the album "is marked by the productive discomfort that accompanies such unabashed intensity. Whereas American Zen maintained a temperate pace, $uccessor isn’t afraid to crescendo or screech to a halt."[23]

Will Neibergall of Tiny Mix Tapes gave the album 4-and-a-half out of 5 stars, stating: "Not quite abstraction and note quite representation, $uccessor is marked by its persistent attendance of texture and relationship in sound, placing them high above rhythm and melody."[24] Emory Michael of The Drainage gave the album a positive review, but showed skepticism over the album "hovering between several different genres", which he said is "good because it shows off Warmsley's taste and creative dexterity, and bad because, well, this album is bound to be perceived as a 'what the fuck is going on' Eric Andre Show set."[25]


Publication Accolade Year Rank
Pitchfork The 20 Best Experimental Albums of 2016 2016
Tiny Mix Tapes Favourite 50 Music Releases
The Vinyl Factory The 50 Best Albums of 2016

Track listing[edit]

Side A
1."Descend from Now"
3."Conversation with Angels"
4."Fear in Reverse"Warmsley4:26
Total length:19:56
Side B
  • Warmsley
  • Angelo Valerio
  • Eric Burton
  • Warmsley
  • Carlson
Total length:21:00
Bonus tracks
2."In a Room"5:45
3."Ayahuasca binary 010"4:32



  1. ^ "Freak styler: Pro Era beatmaker Lee Bannon on Joey Bada$$, Burial and bringing Jungle to the rap kids". Fact. June 4, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  2. ^ "Lee Bannon - "NW/WB"". Complex. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  3. ^ Reynaldo, Shawn (July 1, 2013). "5 Best New Artists for July '13". Spin. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  4. ^ "Lee Bannon signs with Ninja Tune, announces new album". Fact. October 8, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  5. ^ Ryce, Andrew. "Lee Bannon – Alternate/Endings Review". Resident Advisor. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  6. ^ Martin, Clive (January 10, 2014). "Is Lee Bannon the man to sell jungle to America?". The Guardian. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  7. ^ Reynaldo, Shawn (March 2014). "Podcast 335: Lee Bannon". XLR8R. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  8. ^ Edwards, Gavin (December 16, 2014). "20 Best EDM, Electronic and Dance Albums of 2014". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  9. ^ "Lee Bannon changes his name to ¬ b". Fact. May 26, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  10. ^ Gillespie, Blake (May 29, 2015). "Lee Bannon is now ¬b from this day forward". Impose. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  11. ^ "Lee Bannon". Interview Magazine. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  12. ^ Danton, Eric R. (July 8, 2015). "Lee Bannon Straddles Past and Future on 'Pattern of Excel' (Exclusive Album)". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  13. ^ Ryce, Andrew (October 8, 2015). "Dedekind Cut - Thot Enhancer". Resident Advisor. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  14. ^ Ryce, Andrew (September 9, 2015). "Lee Bannon unveils new project, Dedekind Cut". Resident Advisor. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  15. ^ Iadarola, Alexander (August 1, 2016). "Chino Amobi, Elysia Crampton, and Dedekind Cut Turn Dread into Power on New Single". Thump. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  16. ^ "Dedekind Cut heads to NON and Hospital Productions for debut album, $uccessor". FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  17. ^ "Dedekind Cut streams B-side of new album Successor on Wikipedia". Fact. November 7, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  18. ^ Anderson-Rich, Louis (November 8, 2016). "Dedekind Cut is streaming his new album's B-side on Wikipedia". Mixmag. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  19. ^ "The Slice Dedekind Cut and Dub-Stuy Soundsystem". Red Bull Music Academy Radio. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  20. ^ "On The Floor Dedekind Cut at Inter-Zone: NON vs N.A.A.F.I". Red Bull Music Academy Radio. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  21. ^ Pearl, Max (September 1, 2016). "Dedekind Cut announces debut album, $UCCESSOR". Resident Advisor. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  22. ^ a b Simpson, Paul. "$uccessor - Dedekind Cut". AllMusic. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  23. ^ a b Ballard, Thea (November 16, 2016). "Dedekind Cut - $uccessor (ded004)". Pitchfork. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  24. ^ a b Neibergall, Will. "Dedekind Cut - $uccessor". Tiny Mix Tapes. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  25. ^ a b Michael, Emory (December 24, 2016). "Album Review: Dedekind Cut – $uccessor (Ded004)". The Drainage. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  26. ^ "The 20 Best Experimental Albums of 2016". Pitchfork. December 9, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  27. ^ "2016: Favourite 50 Music Releases". Tiny Mix Tapes. December 14, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  28. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2016". The Vinyl Factory. December 14, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2017.