Succinea putris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Succinea putris
Amber snail (Succinea putris).jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
clade Elasmognatha
Superfamily: Succineoidea
Family: Succineidae
Subfamily: Succineinae
Genus: Succinea
Species: S. putris
Binomial name
Succinea putris
Linnaeus, 1758

Succinea putris is a species of small air-breathing land snail in the family Succineidae, the amber snails.

Succinea putris 001.JPG


The 10-17 (27) x 6-8 mm has 3-4 whorls.These are relatively flat and with shallow sutures. The body whorl is massive and the aperture is much greater than 50% of shell height. The spire is small. In color the shell is amber yellow. The visible soft parts are yellow with a reddish hue, which becomes lighter downwards to the sides. The animal can also be dark grey.


The distribution of this species is Palearctic, in the European-Siberian region, including the following countries and islands:


This species lives in very damp places, such as on vegetation on river banks and marshes.

Life cycle[edit]

The lifespan of Succinea putris in laboratory conditions is 13 to 17 months.[7]


Succinea putris with the parasitic trematode Leucochloridium paradoxum inside its left tentacle

Parasites and parasitoids of this species include the trematodes Leucochloridium macrostomum and L. paradoxum and the fly Pherbellia punctata.[8]


  1. ^ IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. Downloaded on 25 July 2013.
  2. ^ Juřičková, L., et al. (2001). Check-list of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 65 25-40.
  3. ^ (in Dutch) Succinea putris — Anemoon
  4. ^ Balashov, I. and N. Gural-Sverlova. 2012. An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine. Journal of Conchology. 41(1) 91-109.
  5. ^ Georgiev, D. G. (2006). Two new species from the family Succineidae (Beck, 1837) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) to the fauna of Bulgaria. Scientific Studies of the University of Plovdiv, Biology, Animalia 41 7-11.
  6. ^ Eesti eElurikkus: Succinea putris.
  7. ^ Ðatkauskienë, I. (2005) Characteristic of lifespan and reproduction period of Succinea putris (L.) (Gastropoda: Styllomatophora).[permanent dead link] Ekologija 3 28-33. (abstract in Lithuanian)
  8. ^ Moor, B. (1980). On the biology of the relationship between Pherbellia punctata (Diptera, Sciomyzidae) and its host Succinea putris (Pulmonata, Stylommatophora). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 87(4) 941-53.

External links[edit]