Sudama Panday 'Dhoomil'

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Sudama Pandey "Dhoomil" (9 November 1936 – 10 February 1975), most commonly called Dhoomil, was a renowned Hindi poet from khewali, Varanasi, who is known for his revolutionary writings and his "protest-poetry",[1][2] along with Muktibodh.

Known as the angry young man of Hindi poetry because of his rebellious writings,[3] during his lifetime, he published just one collection of poems, Sansad se Sarak Tak, संसद से सड़क तक ("From the Parliament to the Street"), but another collection of his work, entitled Kal Sunna Mujhe कल सुनना मुझे, was released posthumously, and in 1979 went on to win the Sahitya Akademi Award in Hindi literature.[4][5]

What I inherited were citizenship

in the neighbourhood of a jail
and gentlemanliness

in front of a slaughter house.
- "The City, Evening, and an Old Man: Me": ‘Dhoomil’[6][7]


Sudama Panday "Dhoomil" was born on 9 November 1936 in Khewali, Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh. After successfully passing out of secondary education at the tenth grade level, he joined the Industrial Training Institute (ITI), Varanasi, where he passed out with a Diploma in Electrics, and later he joined the same institution as an instructor in the Electricals Department.[5]

He died on 10 February 1975, at the young age of 38.[8]

In 2006 the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a nationalist party, raised an objection in the Indian parliament over the inclusion of one of his radical poems, "Mochiram", in the NCERT Hindi textbooks, which, subsequently, was replaced by one of his other poems – "Ghar Main Wapsi".[9][10]

The last book of Dhoomil, Sudama Pandey Ka Prajatantra, was published by his son Ratnashankar Pandey.[citation needed]

Further reading[edit]

  • The Tree of Tongues — An Anthology of Modern Indian Poetry edited by E.V. Ramakrishnan. Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla.[7]
  • Unfinished Business: Five Modern Hindi Poets (Dhoomil, Shrikant Verma, Raghuvir Sahay, Kunwar Narain, Kedarnath Singh) by Vinay Dharwadker.[11]
  • "Four Hindi Poets", article by Shrikant Verma in World Literature Today, Vol. 68, 1994.[12]
  • Contemporary Literature of Asia, by Arthur W. Biddle, Gloria Bien and Vinay Dharwadker. 1996, Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-373259-2.


External links[edit]