Sudama Panday 'Dhoomil'

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Sudama Pandey "Dhoomil" (सुदामा पांडेय 'धूमिल') (9 November 1936 – 10 February 1975), most commonly called Dhoomil, was a renowned Hindi poet from Varanasi, who is known for his revolutionary writings and his "protest-poetry",[3][4] along with Muktibodh.

Known as the angry young man of Hindi poetry because of his rebellious writings,[5] during his lifetime, he published just one collection of poems, Sansad se Sarak Tak, संसद से सड़क तक (From the Parliament to the Street), but another collection of his work, entitled Kal Sunna Mujhe कल सुनना मुझे, was released posthumously, and in 1979 went on to win the Sahitya Akademi Award in Hindi.[6][7]


Sudama Panday "Dhoomil" was born on 9 November 1936 in Khewali, Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh. After successfully passing out to tenth standard, he joined the Industrial training institute (ITI), Varanasi, where he passed out with a Diploma in Electricals, and later he joined the same institution, as an instructor in the Electricals Department.[7]

He died on 10 February 1975, at the young age of 38 years.[8]

In 2006 the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a nationalist party, raised an objection in the Indian parliament over the inclusion of one of his radical poems, "Mochiram", in the NCERT Hindi textbooks, which, subsequently, was replaced by one of his other poems – "Ghar Main Wapsi".[9][10]

The last book of Dhoomil, Sudama Pandey Ka Prajatantra, was published by his son Ratnashankar Pandey.[citation needed]

Further reading[edit]

  • The Tree of Tongues — An Anthology of Modern Indian Poetry edited by E.V. Ramakrishnan. Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla.[2]
  • Unfinished Business: Five Modern Hindi Poets (Dhoomil, Shrikant Verma, Raghuvir Sahay, Kunwar Narain, Kedarnath Singh) by Vinay Dharwadker.[11]
  • "Four Hindi Poets", article by Shrikant Verma in World Literature Today, Vol. 68, 1994.[12]
  • Contemporary Literature of Asia, by Arthur W. Biddle, Gloria Bien and Vinay Dharwadker. 1996, Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-373259-2.


  1. ^ Civil Rights
  2. ^ a b Words turned into images The Tribune, 7 November 1999.
  3. ^ The City, Evening, And An Old Man: Me, by 'Dhoomil'
  4. ^ Kedarnath Singh Interview
  5. ^ , Dhoomil
  6. ^ Official list of Awardees 1955-2007 Sahitya Akademi website.
  7. ^ a b Sudama Panday Dhoomil, Biography & Works
  8. ^ Dhoomil Profile and Poems
  9. ^ Antara-I Press Information Bureau, Government of India.
  10. ^ Mochiram by Dhoomil
  11. ^ Vinay Dharwadker Books
  12. ^ Four Hindi Poets

External links[edit]