Sudanese Air Force
|Sudanese Air Force|
Sudanese Air Force roundel
|Size||around 13,000 personnel|
|Part of||Sudanese Armed Forces|
|Engagements||2015 intervention in Yemen|
|Air Force Commander||Abbas Yusuf Ahmed Al-Badri|
The Sudanese Air Force was founded immediately after Sudan gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1956. The British assisted in the Air Force's establishment, providing equipment and training. Four new Hunting Provost T Mk 53s were delivered for jet training in 1957. The following year, the Sudanese Air Force's transport wing acquired its first aircraft, a single Hunting President. In 1960 the Sudanese Air Force received an additional four re-furbished RAF Provosts and two more Hunting Presidents. Also in 1960, the transport wing's capability was increased by the addition of two Pembroke C Mk 54s.
The Air Force gained its first combat aircraft when 12 Jet Provosts with a close air support capability were delivered in 1962. In the 1960s Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and People's Republic of China started supplying the Sudanese Air Force with aircraft. This included supply of Shenyang F-5 fighters (F-5/FT-5 variants).
The air force flies a mixture of transport planes, fighter jets and helicopters sourced from places including the European Union, Russia, China and the United States. However, not all the aircraft are in a fully functioning condition and the availability of spare parts is limited. In 1991, the two main air bases were at the capital Khartoum and Wadi Sayyidna near Omdurman.
On 4 April 2001, a Sudanese Antonov An-24 aircraft crashed in Adaril (Adar Yeil, Adar Yale), Sudan. The fifteen dead included a general, seven lieutenant generals, three brigadiers, a colonel, a lieutenant colonel and a corporal.
Sudan has also made a successful deal to buy two different batches of 12 MiG-29 Russian fighter jets each. There are 23 MiG-29s in active service as of late 2008. However, the rebel Justice and Equality Movement claimed to have shot down one MiG-29 with large-caliber machine-gun fire on 10 May 2008, killing the pilot of the plane, a retired Russian Air Force fighter pilot; the Sudanese government denied the allegation. South Sudan also claimed to have shot down a Sudanese MiG-29 during the 2012 border conflict.
During May, June, and August 2011, members of the UN Panel of Experts on the Sudan documented the following aircraft in Darfur, potentially indicating violations of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1556:
- Five Sukhoi Su-25 ground attack aircraft (tail numbers 201, 204, 205, 207, 212)
- Three Mi-17 transport helicopters (tail numbers 525, 540, 543)
- Nine Mi-24 attack helicopters (tail numbers 928, 937, 938, 939, 942, 943, 947, 948 stationed at El Fasher and Nyala, and an additional Mi-24 which crashed near El Fasher on 18 April 2011.) Satellite imagery also indicates that a total of five other attack helicopters were present at Kutum, N Darfur, in April 2011, and at El Geneima in February 2011, but panel members have not determined whether they were introduced from outside Darfur in addition to those listed above, or moved from within Darfur.
In August 2013, pictures showed Su-24's in Sudanese colors, reporting that the aircraft were among the ex Belarusian Air Force Su-24's retired in 2012. Various reports have said that the air force uses Iranian drones such as the Ghods Ababil.
|MiG-29||Russia||multirole||34< ref name=" World Air Forces 2015 pg. 29">"World Air Forces 2015 pg. 29". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.</ref>||some are grounded due to lack of spare parts and trained personnel|
|Su-24||Soviet Union||attack||12||Acquired from Belarusian Air Force|
|Nanchang Q-5||People's Republic of China||attack||A-5||20|
|Chengdu J-7||People's Republic of China||fighter||F-7M||20||licensed built MiG-21|
|Shenyang J-6||People's Republic of China||fighter||F-6||8||Chinese-built version of the MiG-19|
|C-130 Hercules||United States||transport||C-130H||4|
|DHC-5||Canada||utility / transport||1||STOL capable aircraft|
|Bell UH-1||United States||utility||2|
|Bell 212||United States||utility||3|
|PZL Mi-2||Poland||utility / liaison||1|
|Hongdu JL-8||China||jet trainer||K-8||6|
- "Sudan Air Force". Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Library of Congress Sudan Country Study, 1991, accessed March 2009
- "Sudan-military-leaders-killed-in-plane-crash ", BreakingNews, 4 April 2001, Retrieved 12 April 2010
- "Directory: World Air Forces", Flight International, 11–17 November 2008.
- "Russia says fighter pilot shot down in Sudan was an ex-military officer". Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "South Sudan says it shot down Sudanese fighter jet as tensions escalate". CNN. 4 April 2012.
- 'Letter dated 24 January 2011 from former members of the Panel of Experts on the Sudan established pursuant to Resolution 1591 (2005) and renewed pursuant to Resolution 1945 (2010) addressed to the Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to Resolution 1591 (2005) concerning the Sudan, page 30
- War Is Boring. "Sudan’s Drones Are Dropping Like Flies". Medium.
- "Sudan Armed Forces Implicated in Video Captured by Their Own Drone". satsentinel.org.
- "Warplanes: Iranian UAVs In Africa". strategypage.com.
- "Africa Confidential - The world's leading fortnightly bulletin on A". africa-confidential.com.
- "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 29". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "World Air Forces 1969 pg. 253". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "World Air Forces 2004 pg. 87". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Shenyang J-6 / F-6 Farmer Fighter Aircraft - Airforce Technology". Retrieved 23 February 2015.