Sudanese Australians

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Sudanese Australians
Total population
19,369 (by birth, 2011)
17,186 (by ancestry, 2011)
Regions with significant populations
Victoria 6,085
New South Wales 5,629
Western Australia 2,722
Queensland 2,582
Australian English · Arabic
Coptic Orthodox Church, Islam[1]

Sudanese Australians are people of Sudanese ancestry or birth who live in Australia. The 2011 census recorded 19,369 people born in Sudan. Of these, the largest number were living in the state of Victoria, (6,085), followed by New South Wales (5,629), Western Australia (2,722) and then Queensland (2,582). 17,186 people indicated that they were of full or partial Sudanese ancestry.[2] The Department of Immigration and Citizenship notes that South Sudan became independent from the Republic of Sudan on 9 July 2011, shortly before the census, and that "country of birth figures as completed by individuals at the time of the 2011 Census may not fully reflect this change".[2] The census, held in August, included both Sudan and South Sudan amongst the country of birth and ancestry options.[3]

In the 2006 census, there were 19,049 Sudanese-born Australian residents, making up 0.1% of the population. Many of the Sudanese-born people recorded in the 2006 Australian census had arrived very recently: 77% since 2000.[4] Between 1996 and 2005, the largest increase in Australian people born overseas were Sudanese, at 28% per year. Other fast-growing overseas-born groups were people from Afghanistan (12% average increase per year) and Iraq (10%). Australian residents from sub-Saharan Africa increased on average by 6% per year over this period.[5]

In the 2006 Census 17,848 residents in Australia reported having Sudanese ancestry.[6][7] People of Sudanese descent now live in almost every capital city in Australia, particularly Melbourne (5,911), Sydney (5,335) and Perth (1,993)[1]

Brief history[edit]

Early migration[edit]

Before the First Sudanese Civil War, most Sudanese migrants arrived in Australia to pursue educational opportunities in both undergraduate and post graduate institutions across Australia. The large number of Sudanese migrant settled in the states like Victoria and New South Wales.[citation needed]

After the first civil war[edit]

A larger influx of Sudanese emigrated to Australia as a result of political and economic problems. The most noticeable exodus occurred among professional and middle class Sudanese who along with their children took advantage of education and employment opportunities in Australia to emigrate.[citation needed]

After the second civil war[edit]

Number of permanent settlers arriving in Australia from Sudan since 1991 (monthly)

Since 1983, fighting between Sudan's government and the rebels in the south has killed about two million people. The fighting in Sudan has interfered with the production and distribution of food and caused widespread hunger. Many civilians in southern Sudan had fled their region because of this crisis. Some Sudanese Australians returned to their ancestral homeland when the conflict officially ended in 2005.[citation needed]


Sudanese Australians have significant over-representation in many of Australia's crime statistics. Despite making up 0.11% of the total population of the state of Victoria, Sudanese-born offenders made up 7% of individuals charged in home invasions, 6% of those in car theft offenses and 14% of individuals charged with aggravated burglary offenses [8]. Australians born in Sudan also had the highest imprisonment rate of any immigrant group in Australia, with imprisonment rates at nearly three times the Australian average in 2014 [9]. In addition, Sudanese born Australians form a majority of members of the Apex youth gang in Melbourne, a gang which rose to prominence in the mid 2010s after a crime spree at Melbourne's Moomba festival, and similar public crime sprees at several other subsequent events in Melbourne.

Notable Sudanese Australians[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "2914.0.55.002 2006 Census Ethnic Media Package" (XLS). Census Dictionary, 2006 ( 2901.0). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Community Information Summary: Sudan-born" (PDF). Community Relations Section of DIAC. Department of Immigration and Citizenship. February 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "South Sudan recognised on the Australian Census". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 5 August 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "3412.0 - Migration, Australia, 2004-05". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 19 March 2006. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian Migration
  6. ^ "20680-Country of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (XLS). 2006 census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 May 2008. [dead link]
  7. ^ "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (XLS). 2006 census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 19 May 2008. [dead link]
  8. ^ Farmsworth, S. "Victoria youth crime: Statistics raise questions about calls to deport youth offenders". ABC News. ABC News. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Prisoners In Australia 2014". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  10. ^ kwekudee (5 September 2013). "Trip Down Memory Lane: Ajak Deng: The Pride Of South Sudan And Dinka People Who Successfully Changed From A Refugee To Supermodel". Retrieved 28 April 2017. 

External links[edit]