Sudanese protests (2018–19)
|Sudanese protests (2018–19)|
|Date||19 December 2018 – ongoing|
(2 months and 3 days)
Most cities in Sudan in general
|Resulted in||Promises of urgent economic and political reforms without any change in power|
|Parties to the civil conflict|
The Sudanese protests (2018–19) are a series of protests that erupted on December 19, 2018 in Atbara where the National Congress Party headquarters was burned down. Fuel and bread costs, high inflation, and a shortage of cash in the economy have contributed to public discontent and to calls for President Omar al-Bashir to step down.
The protesters have been met with tear gas and live ammunition, causing dozens of deaths and injuries and prompting international criticism. "Just fall - that is all" (تسقط - بس) is one of the most famous slogans from the Sudanese protests.
In January 2018, large protests started on the streets of Khartoum, Sudan’s capital, in opposition to the rising prices of the basic goods including bread. The protests grew quickly and found support from different opposition parties. Youth and women's movements also joined the protests.
The Sudanese government started austerity measures as part of its efforts to apply economic reform as recommended by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The austerity measures included devaluation of the local currency, as well as the removal of wheat and electricity subsidies. Sudan’s economy has struggled since Omar al-Bashir's ascend to power, but became increasingly turbulent following the secession of South Sudan in 2011, which, up until then, had represented an important source of foreign currency, because of its oil output.
In August 2018, the National Congress party backed Omar Al-Bashir's 2020 presidential run, despite his increasing unpopularity and his previous declaration that he will not run in 2020 elections. These measures led to rising opposition voices from within the party calling for respect of the constitution. Sudanese activists reacted in the social media and called for a campaign against his nomination. The devaluation of the Sudanese pound in October 2018 led to wildly fluctuating exchange rates and a shortage of cash in circulation. Long queues for basic goods such as petrol, bread, as well as cash from ATM machines are a common sight. Sudan has around 70% inflation, second only to Venezuela.
Al-Bashir has ruled the country since 1989. He came to power by leading a coup against the elected but increasingly unpopular prime minister of the time, Sadiq al-Mahdi. The International Criminal Court (ICC) has indicted Al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the western region of Darfur.
This section needs to be updated.February 2018)(
The most recent waves of protests began on 19 December 2018 in response to the tripling of the price of bread in Atbara, then quickly spread to Port Sudan and the capital Khartoum. Authorities used tear gas, rubber bullets and live ammunition to disperse demonstrators, causing dozens of deaths and injuries. Social media access through the country's major service providers was cut on 21 December.
By 7 January 2019 over 800 anti-government protesters were arrested and 19 people, including security officials, were killed during the protests.
Newspapers coverage of the protests was strictly controlled by security forces. Al Tayyar began printing blank pages to show the amount of government-censored copy. Other news outlets have seen their entire print run confiscated by the government. The security service (NISS) raided Al Jarida's offices again, which has led the latter to stop producing its print version. According to the Listening Post, foreign Arabic-language videographers have been particularly targeted by the government.
Just like in any other revolution, the Sudanese demonstrators have chanted slogans demanding the fall of the current regime. This slogans include "Freedom, peace and justice," "We are all Darfur," and "Just fall - that is all", among others.
Just fall - that is all
The slogan "Just fall - that is all" (تسقط - بس) was first used on Twitter and Facebook pages during the protests of 22nd December 2018 and has thereafter been widely used. Starting in late December, many people across social media and on the ground started using the slogan in writing including on walls, on the ground using empty tear gas canisters, bricks, and other household items.
Freedom, peace and justice
This slogan was the first to be used in downtown Khartoum where demonstrators chanting "freedom, peace and justice" and "revolution is the people’s choice" were met with tear gas. The organizers of this particular march were "professionals, including doctors, engineers, and teachers." 
We are All Darfur
The slogan "You arrogant racist, we are all Darfur!" was used in Khartoum in response to the targeting of students from Darfur by National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) agents in relation to allegations of a planned attack. The NISS claimed that a number of Darfuri students have been trained by the Israeli Mossad to carry out acts of sabotage. The 32 Darfuri students who are studying at the University of Sennar in eastern Sudan were arrested in Sinnar and transported to Khartoum where they subsequently confessed "under duress."
On 28 December 2018, the UN Office of the High Commissioner expressed alarm about reports of government violence (using live ammunition) against protestors and concern about "arbitrary arrests and detentions".
- Bahrain – Bahrain declared, through its ministry of foreign affairs, its solidarity with Sudan and the Sudanese leader's efforts in surpassing the crisis.[better source needed]
- Egypt - Egypt sent its minister of foreign affairs Sameh Shoukry to become the first Arab official to announce its support of the Sudanese government. "Egypt is confident that Sudan will overcome the present situation," Shoukry said, adding that "Egypt is always ready to support Sudan and the ability of Sudanese people as per the government of Sudan's vision and policies."
- Qatar – The Emir of Qatar Tamim bin Hammad declared his support of Omar al-Bashir, whose first international trip since the uprising began was to visit the Emir. No financial support was announced after this meeting.
- Saudi Arabia – King Salman of Saudi Arabia has sent a diplomatic delegation calling for the stability of Sudan and stating that the security of Sudan is part of the security of the (Saudi) kingdom itself. .
- United Arab Emirates - The UAE has announced its plan to support the needs and meet the shortages that the Sudanese Government is facing, without specifying what these are.
- Turkey - Turkey announced its aid to the Sudanese government by providing the country with wheat to assist in dropping its prices and helping calm down the protests.
- United Kingdom - British Ambassador to Sudan Irfan Siddiq said he urged the Sudanese government to avoid violence with the protesters and to release the political detainees saying "No more use of force, credible investigations into killings, release of political detainees, freedom of media and respect for the sanctity of hospitals and work of medics all essential steps."
- United States - The United States has announced its concern over the arrests and detentions, calling for the Sudanese government to release journalists, activists, and peaceful protesters arbitrarily detained during the protests, State Department spokesman Robert Palladino announced "We call on the government to allow for a credible and independent investigation into the deaths and injuries of protesters."
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