|Winchcombe, Gloucestershire in England|
|Type||Visitor Attraction, Wedding Venue and Private Residence|
|Built||1443 on the site of a previous fortified manor house|
|Official name||Sudeley Castle|
|Designated||4 July 1960|
|Official name||Sudeley Castle|
|Designated||28 February 1986|
Sudeley Castle is a Grade I listed Castle located in the Cotswolds, near to the medieval market town of Winchcombe, Gloucestershire. The castle has 10 notable gardens covering some 15 acres within a 1,200 acre estate nestled within the Cotswold hills.
Building of the castle began in 1443 for Ralph Boteler; the Lord High Treasurer of England, on the site of a previous 12th-century fortified manor house. It was later seized by the crown and became the property of King Edward IV and King Richard III, who built its famous banqueting hall.
King Henry VIII and his then wife Anne Boleyn visited the castle in 1535; and it later became the home and final resting place of his sixth wife, Katherine Parr who remarried after the king's death. Parr is buried in the castle's church, making Sudeley the only privately owned castle in the world to have a Queen of England buried in its grounds. Sudeley soon became the home of the Chandos Family, and the castle was visited on three occasions by Queen Elizabeth I, who held a three-day party there to celebrate the defeat of the Spanish Armada.
During the First English Civil War the castle was used as a military base, by King Charles I and Prince Rupert, and it was later laid to siege and slated by parliament, remaining largely in ruins for the following few centuries until its purchase in 1837 by the Dent family, who restored the castle and turned it into a family home.
Although the origins of Sudeley are lost to time, its name, a corruption of its Anglo-Saxon name Sudeleagh, meaning ‘south lying pasture or clearing in forest' gives us an idea of what it was like. Sudeley can most likely thank its early rise as a royal estate to its close proximity to Winchcombe, which was during the reign of King Offa, the capital of the Kingdom of Mercia. Under royal patronage, Winchcombe prospered, becoming a walled town with its own monastery, where a king and a saint are now buried.
By the turn of the 11th century, Sudeley had grown into a manor house set in a Royal deer park, given as an extravagant gift from King Ethelred the Unready to his daughter Princess Goda of England on her wedding day.
Despite King William the Conqueror's policy of depriving Saxon nobles of their estates after the Norman Conquest of 1066, the family managed to retain Sudeley, and Princess Goda's decedents would hold Sudeley for another four centuries.
It is believed that the first castle at Sudeley was built during this time, otherwise known as an adulterine castle. Nothing is known as to what this castle looked like; it may well have simply been the fortification of the existing manor house, or an altogether new structure.
However, after the sacking of Worcester in 1139 by the forces of the Empress Matilda, under her brother Robert of Gloucester, Waleran de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Worcester retaliated, attacking and capturing both Sudeley and Tewkesbury.
Although little is known of what happened to Sudeley during this attack, it seems likely that its fortifications were pulled down by the vengeful Earl of Worcester, as soon after Roger, Earl of Hereford built a replacement motte and bailey castle in Winchcombe.
A few decades after the Anarchy, the Sudeley family were to step once more onto the world stage with John's younger son, William de Tracy, participating in the murder of Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury. William was subsequently excommunicated by Pope Alexander III. He went on pilgrimage to Rome in 1171 and gained an audience with the pope, who exiled him and his fellow conspirators to Jerusalem.
Construction of the current castle
By the start of the 15th century, the Sudeley name was believed to have gone extinct and the Boteler family had inherited the castle through the marriage of Joan, the sister of the last de Sudeley.
Ralph Boteler is believed to have started the construction of the castle in 1443, around the same time he became Lord High Treasurer of England. Ralph rose to prominence during the Hundred Years' War; serving in France under John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford in 1419, and was later appointed to the Regency Council of King Henry VI in 1423.
Sudeley was not Ralph's first great project, having extensively renovated the Manor on the More, the house he used when attending court, and was later described by a French Ambassador, Jean du Bellay, as more magnificent then Hampton Court. Unfortunately, Ralph failed to gain royal permission to crenellate the castle, and had to seek King Henry VI's pardon.
Ralph built Sudeley Castle on a double courtyard plan; with the outer courtyard being used by servants and by men-at-arms, and the inner court and its buildings reserved for the use of Ralph and his family.
In 1449, Ralph's son, Thomas Boteler, married Lady Eleanor Talbot, famed as England's Secret Queen for her relationship with King Edward IV after the death of her husband. It was this relationship that King Richard III used to illegitimize his brother's children and heirs, clearing the way for himself to take the crown.
Ralph, now out of favour as a supporter of the Lancastrian cause, was in 1469 compelled to sell Sudeley and six other manors to the crown. King Edward IV bestowed Sudeley upon his brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who used it as a military base before the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471.
In 1478, Richard swapped Sudeley for Richmond Castle, before re-inheriting it when he acceded to the throne in 1483, when he seems to have visited both Sudeley and Kenilworth Castle on a Royal Progress.
Richard is credited with having built the large banqueting hall at Sudeley. This "Great Hall" was built in the latest fashions of its time, with a ground floor hall being used for meeting guests and feasting, and the upper great hall being kept specially for the king and his special guest's use, with his own bedchambers being connected to this room. When approached from the outside, the edges of the halls oriel windows are decorated with what is presumed to be the White Rose of York.
The banqueting hall now lies in partial ruins, and has been redesigned as a garden, with roses and ivy climbing the walls. In 2018, conservators were working to stabilize the ruin.
During his reign, King Henry VIII only stayed at Sudeley once, on his 1535 Royal Progress with Queen Anne Boleyn. In the months leading up to Henry's visit to Sudeley, he started to enact the Dissolution of the Monasteries, executing Bishop John Fisher and Sir Thomas More. Moreover, it was while he was at Sudeley that Pope Paul III and Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I started discussing his excommunication and removal.
The death of Henry and the accession of King Edward VI led way for the rise of the Edward and Thomas Seymour. Henry's will had an "unfulfilled gifts" clause that allowed for his executors to gift themselves new lands and titles, which led to Edward being declared Lord Protector of the Realm, and making his brother Baron Seymour of Sudeley.
In 1548, Catherine, now pregnant, moved with her husband to Sudeley Castle, taking a considerable retinue: 120 Yeomen of the Guard and Gentlemen of the Household, plus her ladies-in-waiting. Prior to her arrival, Seymour had spent "vast amounts of money on the Castle, to fit it for a Queen". The castle was specially prepared for this move, and descriptions still exist of what Catherine's bedchamber looked like. During Parr's tenure, one of her attendants was Lady Jane Grey, Thomas Seymour's ward, who would be queen for nine days in 1553.
Catherine died at Sudeley on 5 September 1548 from what was described as "childbed fever", five days after giving birth to her daughter Mary Seymour. At the funeral, Lady Jane Grey was the chief mourner, and ecclesiastical reformer Myles Coverdale preached his first Protestant sermon.
Catherine was buried two days later at St. Mary's Church, within the grounds of Sudeley, in what was the first Protestant funeral in English. Over the next two centuries, her original tomb was "mutilated and defaced" and the location of her burial place was lost. In 1782, a coffin was discovered, with a lead plate that read "Here lyeth Quene Kateryne wife to Kyng Henry the VIII and Last the wife of Thomas Lord of Sudeley... dyed 5 September...". In 1792, vandals dug up the coffin. In 1817, the remains were placed in a stone vault near the remains of the 6th Lord Chandos.
After the chapel restoration was completed in 1863, Parr's remains were placed in a new neo-Gothic canopied tomb designed by George Gilbert Scott and created by sculptor John Birnie Philip.
After Catherine's death, her husband Thomas retained Sudeley; he held it until he was executed for treason six months later. Catherine's brother William Parr, 1st Marquess of Northampton, then inherited the castle, he in turn held Sudeley until 1553, when he was also accused of treason, and Sudeley was seized by the crown.
Late 16th century
On 8 April 1554, John Brydges was elevated to Baron Chandos of Sudeley by Queen Mary. He had previously been Lieutenant of the Tower of London, befriending Lady Jane Grey. He was the one who led Jane, and then Princess Elizabeth, to their executions when they were in his care.
His elevation almost certainly came from his assistance in the suppression of the Wyatt Rebellion.
His son Edmund Brydges heavily remodelled the castle in the 1560s and 1570s, almost completely rebuilding the outer courtyard, the part of the castle that the current family occupy, into what we see now.
Queen Elizabeth I stayed at Sudeley on three occasions during her reign, first visiting her old friend, the recently widowed Dorothy Bray, Baroness Chandos at Sudeley in 1574. Staying again during the Royal Progress of 1575, that saw Robert Dudley throw a lavish party at Kenilworth Castle in a final attempt to convince her to marry him.
Elizabeth's most famous stay at Sudeley was in 1592, when Giles Brydges, 3rd Baron Chandos threw a three-day party for her. Giles extensively landscaped the grounds surrounding the castle in preparation for the visit, and held banquettes, plays, dances and gave extravagant gifts during her stay, even presenting his daughter, Elizabeth Brydges to the queen in the guise of Daphne. The visit reputedly almost bankrupting the Brydges family.
English Civil War
Under the Chandos family, Sudeley continued to prosper and thrive, with Grey Brydges, 5th Baron Chandos gaining the title "King of the Cotswolds" for his magnificent style of living and his generosity. Records show that he had been buying in expensive tapestries from abroad through William Trumbull, envoy to the Archdukes of Austria, to decorate Sudeley. Grey was an influential courtier and an avid traveller, extensively travelling Europe and taking part in the War of the Jülich Succession. He married Lady Ann Stanley, descendant of King Henry VIII's younger sister Princess Mary Tudor, and possible heir to the throne of England. He died in 1621.
The new lord, George Brydges, 6th Baron Chandos supported the royalist cause, and it was while he was supporting Prince Rupert in the siege of Cirencester in January 1643 that Sir Edward Massey, with some five hundred soldiers and two cannons attacked the castle. The small garrison soon fell and the castle was plundered; soon to be abandoned after the news that the royalist army had taken Cirencester and was turning its attention to the castle.
Later that year, after Royalist army failed in the Siege of Gloucester, King Charles set up camp at Sudeley, using it as his base of operations in Gloucestershire; and then set about trying to force Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex into an open pitch battle.
The castle was to switch hands several times during the war, most famously holding out against cannon bombardment by Sir William Waller, until it was betrayed by one of its officers who let the attackers in.
In 1649, after the end of the civil war, parliament ordered the slighting of the castle, to ensure that it could never again be used as a military post. The process took some five months to complete, largely dismantling the inner courtyard and royal apartment rooms, but strangely leaving much of the outer courtyard intact. In 1650, George Brydges, 6th Baron Chandos received some financial compensation for the loss of the castle.
Buried in debt, the lord was unable to rebuild Sudeley, and he died in 1655 after years of being imprisoned in the Tower of London. On his death, the semi derelict castle was inherited by his widow, Lady Jane Savage, separating from the title Baron Chandos for the first time in over a century. She did not have the means to restore it and the castle was a neglected ruin for almost 200 years.
For almost two centuries, the castle was largely left in ruins, but seemingly never becoming full abandoned.
Sudeley was owned by the Pitt Family, descendants of Lady Jane Savage's second marriage, who were elevated to a peerage in 1776 as Baron Rivers.
During the 18th century, they rented Sudeley out to tenants, most notably the Lucas family, members of the local gentry. Joseph Lucas entertained King George III on his visit to the castle in 1788, with Mrs Cox the housekeeper saving the king's life, catching him after he fell down the Octagon Tower. The Lucas family were also involved in the rediscovery of Queen Catherine Parr's tomb in 1782, her corpse was found to be "entire and uncorrupted".
In 1837 Sudeley Castle was purchased by brothers John and William Dent of Worcester, wealthy glove manufacturers, whose father had founded Dents Gloves in 1777. At the time of the purchase, the castle was "ruinous, but partly occupied by tenants".
One of the previous tenants, John Attwood, had turned the castle into a public house "The Castle Arms", and treated it as a quarry, breaking it up and selling off the stone, timber and lead.
A 2020 report described the condition of the castle at the time of the purchase:
the castle comprised the remains of two courtyards linked together to form a figure-of-eight plan. Three sides of the outer court were enclosed by two-storey ranges that had, over time, variously accommodated cottages, farm buildings and even a tavern. All the remainder of the building was ruinous, including a medieval barn to the west of the castle and the chapel.
The Dent's restoration of the castle was quite sensitive, deciding to not entirely rebuild the castle, rather leaving part of it as picturesque ruins, giving the castle much of its character still seen today. One reliable source states that the restoration was directed by George Gilbert Scott, "working on the western side of the inner court in the style of the existing Medieval and Elizabethan buildings"; Gilbert Scott subsequently began the restoration of the castle's free-standing St Mary's chapel.
The chapel is a Grade I* listed property, as "Church of St Mary". The summary states "Circa 1460 for Ralph Boteler, late C15 or early C16 north aisle, restored 1859-'63 by Sir G.G. Scott for J.C. Dent". (Ralph Boteler, 1st Baron Sudeley was the owner during the first restoration of the castle and the chapel.) The summary goes on to state that the chapel exterior dates primarily to the 15th and 16th centuries and the "interior nearly all to 1859".
When the Sudeley was habitable again, the brothers set about filling the castle with art and antiques, buying up a considerable part of Horace Walpole's collection during the Strawberry Hill House Sale of 1842, an auction that lasted 32 days. One report states that they furnished the home with "a remarkable antiquarian collection of furniture, glass and paintings that further fleshed out its history, including some very discerning purchases from the Strawberry Hill sale in 1842".
By 1855, both brothers had died and the castle was inherited by the Dent Brother's nephew, John Croucher Dent, and his wife, Emma, of the wealthy silk manufacturer family, the Brocklehursts of Macclesfield, who set about improving the castle and adding to its collections.
Emma entertained on a vast scale, throwing costume balls and soirees, often hosting more than 2,000 guests a year; she was also a voracious letter writer, a number of which survive in the castle collection, including ones from Florence Nightingale.
In 1859, Emma decided to attempt a re-creation of a historic garden. In 1885, she began to "substantially enlarge the house and its services ... she remodelled the western side of the castle through the full length of both courtyards, overbuilding one section of the ruins, and beginning a new tower at its north-east corner". In 1892, she built a "north lodge" on the property. She also arranged for Winchcombe to get its "first piped water supply in 1887".
After Henry Dent Brocklehurst and his wife Marion inherited the property in 1900,they completed some redecoration. Thirty years later, their son, Jack, arranged to "reconfigure the eastern range of the building" and "the creation of a panelled library furnished with an Elizabethan fireplace". His wife Mary brought the "Walter Morrison fine picture collection" to the castle; the majority of pieces are still on site.
World War II and later
By the start of the Second World War, Sudeley was in straightened circumstances, having suffered from the huge death duties that were levied on it upon the death of Henry Dent-Brocklehurst in 1932, forcing the family to sell off much of the land the castle relied upon for its upkeep. A news report in 2017 added some additional specifics: "Studley Castle was once owned by the Lyttleton family and between 1903 and the 1960s was used as Studley College".
Camp 37 was located where the visitor's car park is today, a prisoner of war camp for captured Italian and German Soldiers. The PoWs worked on local farms throughout the duration of the war until it was closed down on 20 January 1948.
Willy Reuter, who had been a German PoW at Sudeley Castle recounted:
While we were in this camp we had to work on several farms. On a Sunday bike tour I met Beryl Meese in Broadway. She lived in Redditch, Worcestershire (52 Sillins Avenue). We were good friends until my release. On a visit to England in 1998 with my wife, son and daughter-in-law, I was able to obtain Beryl's brother's telephone number from people who were living in Beryl's parents' old house. He told me that Beryl was on holiday in Canada — what a pity we missed her.
The American-born Elizabeth first came to Sudeley after her marriage to Mark Dent-Brocklehurst in 1962, and in the subsequent years set about preparing to open the castle up to the public, which they did to great celebration in May 1970. The castle website timeline states that in 1969 the castle was inherited by Mark and his American-born wife Elizabeth"; the couple converted the property into a tourist attraction.
Mark died in 1972, leaving Elizabeth, Lady Ashcombe to manage Sudeley on her own, and the castle had to survive its third round of heavy death duties in under fifty years.
Elizabeth, Lady Ashcombe married Henry Cubitt, 4th Baron Ashcombe and uncle of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall in 1979. They decided to keep Sudeley open to the public as a historic attraction and set about a major restoration of castle. Lord Ashcombe passed away in 2013.
The Sudely website confirms that in 1979, Elizabeth (Lady Ashcombe, by that time) and her children Henry and Mollie Dent-Brocklehurst "took over management of the visitor attraction".
BBC Four featured an investigation into the castle on 27 June 2007 titled Crisis At The Castle. This detailed the turmoil associated with managing the castle by the three members of the Dent-Brocklehurst family. Closing the castle to the general public on some weekdays meant that visitors were disheartened when embarking on their day trips, and resulted in a dramatic fall in visitor numbers in the three years leading up to the creation of the programme.
Sudeley is operated by the family and remains the home of Elizabeth, Lady Ashcombe and "her son, daughter and their families" as of 2021. The family is committed to the continued preservation of the castle, its treasures and the ongoing restoration and regeneration of the gardens of Elizabeth, Lady Ashcombe, her children, Henry and Molly Dent-Brocklehurst, and grandchildren. As of September 2019, BBC News referred to Lady Ashcombe as "the castle's owner".
The castle exhibitions were redesigned and relaunched in 2018 as "Royal Sudeley 1,000: Trials, Triumphs and Treasures", and is set in the 15th-century Service Wing, covering three floors. It takes visitors through the thousand years of Sudeley's history, highlighting important aspects of the castle's past, and showing off the historical artefacts and pieces of artwork in the collection.
The castle opens to the public seasonally and sections are used as a hotel, but it also remains a family home, with Elizabeth, Lady Ashcombe often called the "chatelaine of Sudeley". As of 2019, one of the tours of the castle included a visit to the "family's private apartments available daily from Spring to the end of October.
Sudeley has also been used as a wedding venue for some years. Several celebrity weddings have taken place at the castle, from Elizabeth Hurley's wedding in 2007, to Felicity Jones wedding to Charles Guard in 2018.
In September 2019, thieves stole items from the castle's royal exhibition, including "rare keepsakes made from gold and precious stones and presented by King Edward VII to his last mistress".
Because of restrictions necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic, the castle was closed for some months; certain parts re-opened for a time during 2020. As of early March 2021, the Sudeley Castle & Gardens website was indicating that "exhibitions are closed until 2021. Reopening dates and information will be announced as soon as possible".
Gardens and parkland
Sudeley Castle sits at the heart of a 1,200-acre estate that lies nestled among the Cotswold valleys.
The estate itself is made up of a mix of open pasture fields and woodland, and is crisscrossed by a number of public footpaths, most notably, The Cotswold Way, a 102-mile (164-km) long-distance footpath. These footpaths have connected Sudeley with other historic towns and monuments, such as Hailes Abbey, Broadway, Belas Knap and Stanway House.
The castle gardens cover some 15-acres and are available for the public to visit during the castle's open season.
The garden is split into ten separate gardens, the centrepiece being the Queens' Garden. The Queens' Garden is the Victorian replanting of an original Elizabethan parterre garden that had been discovered in the same location, the large yew hedges surrounding it date back to 1860.
Another garden at Sudeley is The Knot Garden, made up of more than 1,200 box hedges, its intricate design drew inspiration from the pattern of the dress worn by Queen Elizabeth I in "The Allegory of the Tudor Succession", a painting that hangs in the castle.
St Mary's Church, in which Katherine Parr is buried, is bordered by the White Garden, rich with peonies, clematis, roses and tulips, where Katherine and her companion, Lady Jane Grey would have entered the church for daily prayers.
Sudeley is also home to one of the largest public collections of endangered pheasants in the world, and works closely with the World Pheasant Association. The pheasantry which has been operating at the castle for over thirsty years is part of a wider breeding program which has been set up in the hope of increasing the numbers of critically endangered birds before hopefully reintroducing them into their natural habitats.
Sudeley Castle has been a tourist attraction since the early 18th century, drawing antiquarians, print makers and artists from across Britain. Some of the earliest of these being Samuel and Nathaniel Buck who visited and drew the castle in 1732 for their book Buck's Antiquities. The castle, as a romantic ruin, welcomed King George III who visited in 1788 whilst taking the waters at Cheltenham Spa.
Today, Sudeley is one of the few remaining castles left in England that is still a private residence. The Dent-Brocklehurst family remain dedicated to making the castle and gardens as accessible as possible to the general public, opening it seasonally to visitors, albeit, with the private family quarters remaining largely closed.
The bedrock of Sudeley's art collection was built upon the Strawberry Hill House Sale of 1842. It was one of the most impressive auctions of its day, lasting some 32 days, selling off the art collection of Horace Walpole, son of Robert Walpole, who is generally considered the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. The collection was added to throughout the Victorian age, and then again on the inheritance part of the art collection of Victorian businessman James Morrison of Basildon Park.
Not everything in the castle's collection neatly falls into the art category, with artefacts such as a prayer book and love letter belonging to Queen Catherine Parr, weaponry, and the Bohun Book of Hours, one of only six of its kind to survive to the modern day.
Not all the art collection is on display to the public, with a selection of it in the exhibitions; the rest is kept in the family private rooms. The castle does hold specialist art tours that takes small groups of visitors around the private quarters to view the art, however, these need to be booked in advance to ensure availability.
This is a selection of some of the art highlighted at the castle.
- An Allegory of Tudor Succession Commissioned by Queen Elizabeth I for her spymaster Sir Frances Walsingham and attributed to Lucas de Heere.
- Rise of the River Stour at Stourhead by J. M. W. Turner. Dated to 1817 and exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1825; the Tate holds the preparatory sketches for this painting.
- A Portrait of Peter Paul Rubens by Anthony Van Dyck.
- Flora by Bernardino Luini, painted circa 1515
- Miniature of King Henry VIII attributed to Lucus Horenbout
- Miniature of Queen Catherine Parr by Hans Holbein the Younger
Sudeley Castle's textile collection was assembled by Emma Dent in the 19th century, it is considered one of the finest collections in the country, and was for a time, on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Due to how delicate some of the pieces are, a select part of it is on display at the castle in the exhibitions, while the rest is kept in protective storage.
This is a selection of some of the textile highlighted at the castle.
- Louis XV Aubusson bed hangings, believed to have belonged to Queen Marie Antoinette
- The Sudeley Stumpwork Box, dating to about 1660
- A Waistcoat believed to have belonged to King Charles I
- A 16th-century lace canopy, said to have been made by Queen Anne Boleyn for the christening of Queen Elizabeth I
- A fragment of cloth said to have come from the dress of Queen Catherine Parr after the rediscovery and opening of her tomb in 1782
- Early 17th-century Sheldon Tapestry, woven in wool, silk and metal thread, with floral designs and biblical scenes. Parallels have been drawn between it and the Filioli Tapestry that was bought by J. P. Morgan in 1911 from Knole House.
- Sudeley is regarded by many as the model for Blandings Castle in the novels by P. G. Wodehouse. The adaptation for BBC television of Wodehouse's Heavy Weather (1995) was filmed there.
- Scenes in series 1, episode 5 of the BBC series Father Brown were filmed at Sudeley.
- Sudeley represented Matching Priory, home of Plantagenet Palliser and his wife Lady Glencora, in the 1974 BBC classic serial The Pallisers, based on six novels by Anthony Trollope.
- The castle featured in the 1976 movie Beauty and the Beast.
- The castle featured in the 1994 film Martin Chuzzlewit.
- The castle featured in the 2008 mini-series Tess of the D'Urbervilles.
- The castle featured in the 2017 film adaption The White Princess, a novel by Philippa Gregory.
- Sudeley provided the location for BBC Two show The Great Chelsea Garden Challenge in May 2015.
- The castle featured on BBC One show Antiques Road Trip in September 2015.
- The castle was featured on the Smithsonian Channel's show An American Aristocrat's Guide to Great Estates in June 2020.
- The castle was featured in Season Two of the The Spanish Princess in 2020.
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- Vincent, Nicholas (2004). Becket's Murderers. Canterbury: The Friends of Canterbury Cathedral and the Trustees of the William Urry Memorial Fund. p. 20. ISBN 0951347624.
- "Thomas Becket and Henry II". BBC. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
- Goodall, John (4 October 2020). "Sudeley Castle: The tumultuous tale of one of the finest castles in the Cotswolds". Country Life. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
- Pollard, Albert Frederick (1978). Wolsey. Greenwood Press. p. 325. ISBN 0837179971.
- John Ashdown-Hill, "Eleanor The Secret Queen", Page 51 The History Press, 2009 ISBN 978-0-7524-5669-0
- Jones, Michael and Gwyn Meirion-Jones (1991). Les Châteaux de Bretagne. Rennes: Editions Quest-France. pp. 40–41.
- Conservators work to protect the ancient ruins at Sudeley Castle and get rare view of ancient graffiti
- "Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8, January-July 1535: 21-25". British History Online. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
- Musson, Jeremy (2018). Secret Houses of the Cotswolds. Frances Lincoln. pp. 116–122. ISBN 978-0711239241.
- "Conservatives have voted to expel Derek Sloan from caucus". Tudor Times. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
- Davey, Richard (2020). The Nine Day's Queen. Frankfurt, Germany: Outlook Verlag GmbH. p. 121. ISBN 978-3-75240-094-6.
- "Sudeley Castle: The Remarkable Life, and Shocking Death, of Katherine Parr". Tudor Travel Guide. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
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- "The English queen buried amidst a castle garden". Royal Centre. 15 January 2021. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
a new tomb, carved by John Birnie Philip, and featuring a full length depiction of her. Her crest along with those of her four husbands are on the tomb while on the wall next to it is a plaque commemorating the words found on her coffin.
- "Sudeley Castle, Church of St. Mary". Historic England. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
- "Royal relatives no support when Thomas Seymour lost his head in his quest for power". Daily Telegraph. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
his brother had ordered the execution and his nephew had signed the death warrant.
- "BRYDGES, Sir John (1492-1557), of Coberley, Glos". History of Parliament. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
- Elizabeth Zeman Kolkovich, The Elizabethan Country House Entertainment (Cambridge, 2016), pp. 73-8.
- Broomhall, Gillian (11 August 2014). The Little Book of the Cotswolds. The History Press. ISBN 9780752454443.
- Dent, Emma (1877). Annals of Winchcombe and Sudeley. Sudeley Castle. pp. 285–286.
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(S. Rudder, A New History of Gloucestershire, 1779; papers at Sudeley Castle; D. Verey, Gloucestershire, The Cotswolds, 1970)
- Bray, Jean (2004). The Lady of Sudeley. Stoud: Sutton Publishing Ltd. p. 66. ISBN 9780750937207.
- Dent, Emma (2011). Emma Dent's Diary. Cheltenham: Reardon Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 978-1873877289.
- "Sudeley Castle celebrates the women of its past and present". Sudeley Castle. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
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- "German PoW pal who found me 50 years later". BBC. 28 December 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
- Emma Kennedy (June 1, 2012). "Emma's Eccentric Britain: afternoon tea with Lady Ashcombe". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 22, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
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