October 30, 1901|
Varanasi, United Provinces, British India
|Died||June 25, 1960
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
|Occupation||Poet, Journalist, Essayist, Literary Critic, Lecturer|
|Spouse(s)||Chhabi Basu (1924-1960) (no legal divorce)
Rajeshwari Vasudev (1943-1960)
Sudhindranath Dutta (Bengali: সুধীন্দ্রনাথ দত্ত; October 30, 1901 – June 25, 1960) was a Bengali Indian post-modern poet, essayist, journalist and critic. Sudhindranath is one of the most notable poets after the Tagore-era in Bengali literature.
Sudhindranath Dutt went to the Theosophical High School in Varanasi between 1914 and 1917, and later attended the Oriental Seminary in Kolkata. Later he graduated in English from the Scottish Church College. He later studied law at the Law College (1922–1924), while also simultaneously preparing for his finals for an MA in English literature from the University of Calcutta. However, he did not complete a degree (MA or a law degree) in either subject.
Born to renowned lawyer Hirendranath Dutta & Indumati Vasu Mallik (sister of Raja Subodh Chandra Vasu Mallik), Sudhindranath became an apprentice under his father's supervision, although he did not obtain a formal law degree. He married Chhabi Basu in 1924.
He started publishing Parichay, a literary magazine which heralded his philosophy, in 1931 and carried on with the job till 1943, when he left following ideological battle with his associates, but supplied funds nevertheless. He was also associated with Sabujpatra, another noted literary magazine of the era, which was edited by eminent story-writer of the era, Pramatha Chaudhury. He also worked as a journalist for The Statesman from 1945-1949. He was also associated with the daily The Forward, then edited by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, as the organ of All India Forward Bloc. He had also worked for several companies such as Light of Asia Insurance Company from 1930–1933, ARP from 1942–1945, DVC from 1949–1954, and Institute of Public Opinion from 1954-1956. He worked as a part-time lecturer of Comparative Literature in Jadavpur University from 1956-1957. In 1957, he left for his final foreign trip and toured Japan and Europe before moving to United States of America to join University of Chicago to write his autobiography in English. However he left the lucrative job midway and returned home to rejoin Jadavpur University to resume his classes of Comparative Literature, which he continued till his death.
Sudhindranath Dutta believed that hard work is what is needed for creating art, and the embattled nature of his poetry contrasted with that of the romantic poetry of Jibanananda Das. When Jibanananda Das's poetry notebooks were printed, Dutt commented after seeing the great number of corrections and deletions in the notebooks "Oh, then the natural poets are also unnatural poets, like me!"
Perhaps his most famous line is the widely quoted one from his poem Utpakhi (The ostrich):
অন্ধ হলে কি প্রলয় বন্ধ থাকে?
Transliteration: (Andha halē ki pralaẏa bandha thākē?)
Translation: Does the tempest halt for the sake of your blindness?
- Tanvi(1930), M..Sarkar &Sons
- Orchestra(1935), Bharati Bhavan
- Krandashee(1937), Bharati Bhavan
- Uttar Falgunee (1940), Parichay Press
- Sangbarto (1953) Signet Press
- Pratiddhani (1954) Signet Press
- Dashamee (1956) Signet Press.
- Svagato , Bharati Bhavan
- Svagato (1957) New changed version from Signet Press
- Kulay O Kaalpurush, (1957), Signet Press.