Sudice (Opava District)

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Sudice
German: Zauditz
Town
Zauditz.JPG
Centre of town with Saint John the Baptist Catholic Church in the background
Flag
Coat of Arms
(depicting severed head of St. John the Baptist resting on a gold platter)
Official name: Sudice
(former official name: Zauditz)
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian Region
District Opava
Commune Kravaře
Elevation 244 m (801 ft)
Coordinates 50°01′53″N 18°04′07″E / 50.03139°N 18.06861°E / 50.03139; 18.06861Coordinates: 50°01′53″N 18°04′07″E / 50.03139°N 18.06861°E / 50.03139; 18.06861
Area 9.43 km2 (3.64 sq mi)
Population 671 (2012)
Density 71/km2 (184/sq mi)
First mentioned 1327
Mayor Petr Halfar
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 747 25
Area code +420 553
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Moravian-Silesian Region
Location in the Moravian-Silesian Region
Wikimedia Commons: Sudice (Opava District)
Website: www.obecsudice.cz
Aerial view of Sudice, with St. John Baptist church in the background right.

Sudice formerly Zauditz also Czauditz[1][2] (German: Zauditz, Latin: Zaudicium[3]) located within the historical and geographical region of Upper Silesia, is now a border town in the district of Opava (German: Troppau) present day Czech Republic, that since medieval times held a municipal charter and enjoyed Town privileges (German town law).

Within present day Czech Republic it belongs to the administrative Moravian-Silesian Region and is located in the northern tip of the micro Hlučín Region, close to the border with Poland. Its Polish town neighbour Pietraszyn is about a kilometer away.

History[edit]

The settlement of Zauditz, first mentioned in 14th century written records, was part of the Duchy of Troppau (Opava) then in the possession of Prince Nicholas II Duke of Troppau (Opava), who in year 1327 sold Zauditz to the Dominican Order of friars from a monastery seated in neighbouring Racibórz (German: Ratibor).[4][5] As a consequence of this acquisition and conveyance to the Dominican Order, Zauditz being formerly part of a fief, had now become a "free village" (German: freies Dorf) enjoying local autonomy and jurisdiction within the Holy Roman Empire, similar to a free imperial city. Soon after, Zauditz elevated to and was granted town charter status (Stadtrechte in German) enjoying the autonomy of town privileges (German town law).[5]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Martin Helwig Map of Silesia 1561 - first woodcut map of Silesia made on the basis of surveys and data collected from local inhabitants, Published 1561.
  2. ^ Map of Upper Silesia (Silesia Ducatus) by Willem Janszoon and Joan Blaeu - Theatrum orbis terrarum, sive, Atlas novus - Published 1635
  3. ^ Bavarian State Library - Pedigree of Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen consort of Sweden - Published 1633, in Latin. (Latin: Stemma Mariae Eleonorae, Suecorum Augustae), p.24
  4. ^ Extracted and translated from the official Sudice Mayor's Office website at www.obecsudice.cz
  5. ^ a b Kateřina Kolibová, Master's Thesis - The German dialects in the Bohemian countries, with emphasis on Zauditz (Sudice), 2008, in German. Masaryk University Faculty of Arts, Department of German, Scandinavian and Dutch Studies. [1]

External links[edit]