|Died||11 June 2012 (aged 95)|
|Other names||Liem Sioe Liong|
|Net worth||US $655 million|
|Board member of||Salim Group|
|Spouse(s)||Lie Las Nio|
|Children||3 sons: Albert Salim, Anthoni Salim, Andree Halim; 1 daughter: Mira Salimyuiu|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Lín Shàoliáng|
|Indonesian||Liem Sioe Liong|
Sudono Salim (16 July 1916 – 10 June 2012), also known as Liem Sioe Liong, was an Indonesian Chinese businessman of Fuqing origin. He was the richest individual in Indonesia. He was the founder and chairman of the conglomerate Salim Group before turning over its management to his youngest son Anthoni Salim (now the fifth wealthiest person in Indonesia) in 1992.
In 1916, Salim was born as Lim Sioe Liong (Lin Shaoliang), in Fuqing, Fujian, China, the second son of a father. According to the Chinese zodiac, he was born in the Year of the Dragon, on the seventh day of the seventh month.
In 1936, he left Fujian to join his brother Lim Ke Lok and brother-in-law Zheng Xusheng in Medan, North Sumatra. Salim diversified their peanut oil trading business into the clove market, which was growing rapidly from demand for production. While in Medan, he supplied soldiers of the Indonesian National Revolution with medical supplies and came into contact with Suharto, an officer of the army. Salim denied allegations that he also provided arms to Indonesian soldiers to resist Dutch forces. As soldiers seized Dutch businesses following independence, his business absorbed many of their assets and gained a monopoly in the clove market, but he denied working with Suharto in expanding his ventures.
Business career and family
In 1952, after moving to Jakarta, Salim expanded his trading business by establishing connections with other ethnic Chinese businessmen in Singapore and Hong Kong. His soap factory became one of the primary suppliers to the Indonesian National Armed Forces. He later expanded into textiles and banking, eventually establishing the largest private bank in Indonesia—the Bank Central Asia (BCA). The bank was nationalized following the Asian financial crisis.
In 1968, after a merger, he gained the right to a monopoly on clove importation. Bogasari, a joint venture with another Hokchia businessman became the largest producer of flour in Indonesia. These two companies were said to have provided him with the capital to establish the cement giant Indocement in 1973.
In 1992, Salim handed over management of the conglomerate Salim Group to his son Anthony Salim.
By 1997, the Salim Group possessed US$20 billion in assets and included more than 500 companies employing over 200,000 Indonesians. When the Asian Financial Crisis hit, the conglomerate incurred US$4.8 billion in debts and had to give up control of Bank Central Asia in 1998 to the government. BCA was 30% owned by two offsprings of Suharto.
During the May 1998 riots, Salim fled to Singapore after a mob burned his home in Jakarta; his son remained to fight off the mobs and formed the Salim Group. He eventually settled in Los Angeles in the United States. Forbes magazine listed him as the 25th wealthiest businessperson in Southeast Asia in 2004 with a net worth of US$655 million.
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- (in Indonesian) Sudono Salim at Tokoh Indonesia