Sudurpashchim Pradesh

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Sudurpashchim Pradesh

सुदूर-पश्चिम प्रदेश
Mt Saipal.png
Api Nampa.JPG
Ghoda Ghodi Lake.JPG
Badi Malika.png
Pacific Khaptad lake.jpg
Swamp deer at Shuklaphanta.png
Official seal of Sudurpashchim Pradesh
Seal
Location of Sudurpashchim Pradesh
Location of Sudurpashchim Pradesh
Sudurpashchim is divided into 9 districts.
Sudurpashchim is divided into 9 districts.
Coordinates: 28°42′12″N 80°34′01″E / 28.70333°N 80.56694°E / 28.70333; 80.56694Coordinates: 28°42′12″N 80°34′01″E / 28.70333°N 80.56694°E / 28.70333; 80.56694
Country   Nepal
Formation20 September 2015
CapitalGodawari
Largest cityDhangadhi
Districts9
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Sudurpashchim Pradesh
 • GovernorMohan Raj Malla
 • Chief MinisterTrilochan Bhatta (NCP)
 • High CourtDipayal High Court
 • Provincial AssemblyUnicameral (53 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency16
Area
 • Total19,539 km2 (7,544 sq mi)
Area rank6th
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,552,517
 • Rank5th
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
 • Density rank5th
Demonym(s)Sudur Pashchimeli but Nepali
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NST)
GeocodeNP-SE
Main Official LanguageNepali (30.17%)
Other Official Language(s)1. Doteli (30.4%)
2. Tharu (17%)
HDI0.478 (low)
Literacy63.48%
Sex ratio91.25 /100 (2011)
Websitep7.gov.np

Sudurpashchim Pradesh (Nepali: सुदूरपश्चिम प्रदेश) (Far-Western Province) is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal which was adopted on 20 September 2015.[1] It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Karnali Pradesh and Province No. 5 to the east, and the Indian states of Uttarakhand to the west and Uttar Pradesh to the south. Initially known as Province No. 7, the newly elected Provincial Assembly adopted Sudurpashchim Pradesh as the permanent name for the province in September 2018. As per a 28 September 2018 Assembly voting, the city of Godawari has been declared the capital of the Province.[2][3] The province is coterminous with the former Far-Western Development Region, Nepal.[4]

History[edit]

Doti was an ancient kingdom in far western region of Kumaon which was formed after the disintegration of the Katyuri Kingdom of Kumaon around the 13th century.[5] Doti was one of eight different princely states Katyuri Kingdom was divided into eight for their eight prince's and became different independent kingdoms; Baijnath-Katyuri, Dwarahat, Doti, Baramandal, Askot, Sira, Sora, Sui (Kali Kumaon). Later on, the whole land between Ramganga on the west (Uttarakhand) and the Karnali on the east (which divides the far western region from other parts Nepal), came under the Raikas after the origin of Raikas of Katyuris in Doti.[6] "Brahma Dev Mandi" at Kanchanpur District of Mahakali Zone was established by Katyuri king Brahma Dev.[7]

Before announcement of new provinces in Nepal, the area of this province was known as Far-Western development region of Nepal. There was no changes made in this province when this province was made.

Raikas of Doti[edit]

Niranjan Malla Dev was the founder of Doti Kingdom around the 13th century after the fall of the Katyuri Kingdom. He was the son of Last Katyuris of united Katyuris kingdom.[8]

Kings of Doti were called Raikas (also Rainka Maharaj).[9] Later on Raikas, after defeating the Khas Malla of Karnali Zone, were able to establish a strong Raikas Kingdom in Far Western Region and Kumaun which was Doti.

Mughal invasion[edit]

During the period of Akbar's rule in the 16th century, the Mughals had attacked the Raikas of Doti. They invaded Ajemeru, capital of the Raika Kingdom. Ajemeru is now in Dadeldhura District of far western region of Nepal. Hussain Khan, army chief of Akbar residing in Lucknow had led the attack. According to `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni (c. 1540 - 1615), Indo-Persian historian during Mughal Empire, Mughal Army chief of Lukhnow, Hussian Khan, lured by the wealth and treasures of the kingdom of the Raikas, wanted to plunder the state, this being the motive behind the assault; but they did not succeed.[10]

Conflict with Gorkha[edit]

The historic place of war between the Doti Kingdom and Nepal (Gorkha kingdom) during the period of Gorkha Expansion in 1790, according to the history of Nepal, is Nari-Dang, on the bank of the Seti River. The Dumrakot was the base of Doti Kingdom for fighting against the Gorkhalis.

Khairgarh-Singhai State[edit]

Raja Deep Shahi was expelled from Nepal in 1790 A.D and on arriving to Terai of Oudh (now Lakhimpur Kheri District of Uttar Pradesh of India) he established Khairgarh-Singhai State in Khairigarh under British India.[11] Kanchanpur Praganna (present Kanchanpur and Kailali districts) was also the parts of his State or Zamindari. He succeeded in defeating the Banjaras rural of Khairigarh and establishing himself not only in that Pargana but also in parts of Bhur. His state was merged with India In 1947 after Indian Independence.

Government and administration[edit]

The Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Dipayal High Court is the head of the judiciary.[12] The present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Mohan Raj Malla (governor), Trilochan Bhatta (chief minister) and Yagya Prasad Basyal.[13][14] The province has 53 provincial assembly constituencies and 16 House of Representative constituencies.[15]

Sudurpashchim Pradesh has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years. The Provincial Assembly of Sudurpashchim is temporarily housed at the District Coordination Committee Hall in Dhangadhi.[16]

District map of Sudurpashchim Pradesh

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

The province is divided into nine districts, which are listed below. A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer. The districts are further dived to municipalities or rural municipalities. The municipalities include one sub-metropolitan city and 33 municipalities. There are 54 rural municipalities in the province.[17]

  1. Achham District
  2. Baitadi District
  3. Bajhang District
  4. Bajura District
  5. Dadeldhura District
  6. Darchula District
  7. Doti District
  8. Kailali District
  9. Kanchanpur District

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Sudurpashchim Pradesh

  Hinduism (97.23%)
  Christianity (1.09%)
  Buddhism (1.07%)
  Islam (0.23%)
  Prakṛti (0.22%)
  Other or not religious (0.16%)

The province has a population of 2,552,517 which is 9.63% of the total population of Nepal. The population density is about 130 persons per square kilometre. The province has a population growth rate of 1.53%. The sex ratio is 912 males for 1000 females, with a total of 1,217,887 males and 1,334,630 females recorded in 2011. The urban population of the region is 1,504,279 (58.9%) and the rural population is 1,048,238 (41.1%).[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nepal Provinces". statoids.com. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  2. ^ "Prov 7 named Sudurpaschim amid objection from NC, RJP". The Himalayan Times. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Province 7 named Sudurpashchim, Godawari capital". The Kathmandu Post. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Nepal Provinces". www.statoids.com.
  5. ^ Dr.Y.S Kathoch, A New History of Uttarakhand; On Katyuri Dynasty "Around,13th Century Katyuri Dynasty established in Ranachulihat was broken into many sections" Doti was among them
  6. ^ Advin T. Atkinson; Gazetteer Hindi Edition (2003); He wrote (Page 274) Whole territory to the east of Ram gang was belongs to Raikas during the late 16th century.
  7. ^ Dr. Madam Chandra Bhatt; A New History of Uttarakhand (2006): " Champawat ke Chand Raja.
  8. ^ Dr. Y.S Kathoch; A New History of Uttarakhand(2006).Founder of Doti was Niranjan Mall Dev..
  9. ^ Badri Datt Pandey ; History of Kumaun (1937)
  10. ^ "Kumaon History". Thekumaonhills.com. 1947-03-29. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
  11. ^ http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/ips/k/khairigarh.
  12. ^ "High Courts get their chief judges". Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  13. ^ "Trilochan Bhatta becomes Province 7 chief minister". The Himalayan Times. 2018-02-16. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  14. ^ "President of Nepal administers oath to Chiefs of seven provinces | DD News". ddnews.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  15. ^ "CDC creates 495 constituencies". The Himalayan Times. 2017-08-31. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  16. ^ "Preparations under way for assembly meeting". The Himalayan Times. 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  17. ^ "स्थानिय तह". 103.69.124.141. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  18. ^ "Nepal Census 2011" (PDF). UN Stats.