Sue Draheim

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Sue Draheim
SueDraheim 3121778.jpg
Draheim in San Francisco, 2011[1]
Background information
Birth nameSusan Ann Draheim
Born(1949-08-17)August 17, 1949
Oakland, California, United States
DiedApril 11, 2013(2013-04-11) (aged 63)
Berea, Kentucky
GenresFolk rock, Celtic, Old Time, Cajun, Zydeco, Classical
Occupation(s)Fiddler, singer, composer
InstrumentsFiddle, violin, viola, voice
Years active1967–2013
LabelsArhoolie, Transatlantic, Island, etc.

Sue Draheim (/ˈdrɔːhm/ (About this soundlisten) DRAW-hyme; August 17, 1949[2][3] – April 11, 2013)[4][5] was an American fiddler, boasting a more than forty year musical career in the US and the UK. Growing up in North Oakland, Draheim began her first private violin lessons at age eleven, having started public school violin instruction at age eight[6] while attending North Oakland's Peralta Elementary School. She also attended Claremont Jr. High, and graduated from Oakland Technical High School in 1967.[7][8][9]

Originally trained as a classical violinist, Draheim became involved in many other genres and recorded albums with groups representing Cajun, Old Time, country, Zydeco, folk jazz, Irish and British folk music. Early on in her career, Celtic fiddle became Draheim's major focus.

While Draheim was primarily a fiddler, she never lost touch with her classical training, and was a member of the Berkeley Symphony Orchestra and the Bay Area Women's Philharmonic[10] as well as UC Berkeley's University Chamber Chorus;[11] Draheim, along with fiddler Kerry Parker, also "augmented" the harp trio "Trillium".[12] She also played in the US premiere of Frank Zappa's experimental orchestral piece A Zappa Affair.[13] She was described by Gael Alcock, cellist/composer with whom she performed one of Alcock's pieces, as "fiddler extraordinaire".[14]

Late 1960s to early 1970s in the US[edit]

In the late 1960s, Draheim moved to a North Oakland house well known in the Bay Area music community and called simply "Colby Street".[15][16] This move proved to be a decisive one in terms of her musical career as it was where she changed from a "violinist" into a "fiddler". In writing her short biography in 1970 to accompany the album notes for Berkeley Farms, Draheim gives us some background on that transition:

"I've lived around the Bay Area most of my life. There wasn't much money at home. I had to talk my parents into letting me take fiddle lessons. I started that when I was eight years old. This was public school instruction. After three years of that, I began private lessons. I stopped when I was fourteen, and didn't touch the violin until I was 19. I moved to Colby Street when I was eighteen years old. It was there that I met Jim Bamford. He taught me my first fiddle tunes (as opposed to the classical violin music I'd learned). This was in 1967."[17]

Draheim quickly got involved in American mountain string band music, forming a group called the "Diesel Duck Revue" in 1967 with Mac Benford, Hank Bradley, Sue Rosenberg, and Rick Shubb,[18][19] performing with them at Berkeley's Freight & Salvage in 1968.[20]

At about the same time she started playing with a Colby Street group that, when she performed with them at the Sky River Rock Festival (Tenino, Washington in 1968 and 1969), called themselves "Dr. Humbead's New Tranquility String Band and Medicine Show". The band consisted of Sue Draheim, Jim Bamford, Mac Benford, and Will Spires and owed its name to their manager and sound man Earl Crabb (aka "The Great Humbead"); by the time Mike Seeger arranged for them to be recorded for the Folkways Berkeley Farms album in 1970, they'd shortened the charming but cumbersome name to simply "The New Tranquility String Band".[21][22] Performing with the band, her photograph appeared on the poster for the 1968 Berkeley Folk Music Festival.[23] Draheim and Dr. Humbead's New Tranquility String Band also appeared at the 1969 Third Annual San Diego State Folk Festival;[24] links to recordings of their performance there are provided on's website.[25]

Colby Street housed other groups as well, one of them being the "Golden Toad", featuring mandolinist and guitarist Will Spires;[26] she joined them for the summer solstice concert at Grace Cathedral in 1970.[27] In 1970, Joe Cooley, Irish button accordion player who was living in San Francisco at the time, visited the Colby Street house[28] and that was the beginning of Draheim's lifelong attachment to Irish music. She and others joined Cooley to perform Saturday nights at San Francisco's long-standing Irish pub, the Harrington Bar,[29] making up the band which they called "Gráinneog Céilidh."[30][31] Years later, Draheim's command of the Irish folk music idiom as well as her versatility in other genres would prompt one fan to comment: "And that is a very apt illustration of the point: Sue Draheim, a classically-trained violinist who has been mistaken for a real-deal Sligo fiddler who nowadays has a chair in a San Francisco symphony orchestra as well as playing in old timey bands".[32]

In 1970 Draheim also got involved with several musicians at what was known as Sweets Mill Music Camp, about 200 miles east of Oakland on the edge of the Sierra National Forest. It was there that she played with legendary Delta blues guitarist Sam Chatmon in a group called the "California Sheiks" (named after Chatmon's back-home group, the "Mississippi Sheiks". Some recordings of Draheim and Chatmon from that period are known to have survived: one, a 7-inch mono tape reel holding eighteen songs and labelled "Box 3, Item 2007.04sdff070" in the UCLA Ethnomusicology Archive (which misspelled her name as "Drahiem"),[33] and the other, one song (which is not found in UCLA's collection) which was released in CD form in 1999 as part of a Sam Chatmon retrospective.[34]

Early to late 1970s in the UK[edit]

From late 1970 to early 1977 Draheim lived in England, where her talents as a fiddler soon became so well recognized that Austrian music journalist Richard Schuberth[35] counted her among the "crème de la crème of the English folk-rock scene".[36][37] She brought with her a background of US genres of folk music which blended well with the British folk-rock scene. In one case at least, her influence on the British music scene rebounded to have an effect on the US music scene: American guitarist and author of several instructional manuals Duck Baker wrote that he had learned the Peacock Rag from John Renbourn "who would have gotten it from Sue Draheim".[38] Draheim had begun her association with John Renbourn in 1971,[39] and joined the John Renbourn Group,[40] cutting the album Faro Annie[41] with John Renbourn, Keshav Sathe, and Jacqui McShee in 1972. Impressed by Draheim's old West Clare style which she'd learned from Joe Cooley, John Renbourn observed: "I found out more about Irish music from Sue than I could ever have imagined."[42] That same year she also performed on Henry the Human Fly, an album by songwriter and guitarist Richard Thompson.[43] 1972 was a busy year for her as she and John Renbourn worked together with Wizz Jones to produce Wizz's album Right Now, in addition to recording albums with Scottish folksinger Marc Ellington.[44]

In 1972, Draheim debuted live with the then unknown Albion Country Band.[45] The band (sometimes known as Albion Mk 1,[46] and described by Spanish film and music critic Antonio Méndez[47] as being "traditional British folk with an electric infusion"),[48] appeared on John Peel's BBC Radio 1 program called "Peel Sessions" which introduced up-and-coming musicians.[49] In June 1972 Draheim and the Albion Country Band also recorded and had broadcast a piece (Four Hand Reel/St. Anne's Reel) for the BBC radio show called Top Gear,[50] which also featured contemporary musicians; the recording was later released in 1994 on Ashley Hutchings's compilation The Guv'nor vol 1. Two tracks on The Guv'nor vol 2 released in 1995 are from that same 1972 broadcast.[51] Also in Albion at this time was Steve Ashley, who later referred to Draheim as "the great American fiddle player".[52] (For a photo of Draheim with the Albion Country Band, see The Peel Sessions: The Albion Band).

Not confining herself to the folk rock genre, she recorded the album Solid Air in 1973 with John Martyn, who has been described as blurring "...the boundaries between folk, jazz, rock and blues".[53] When Draheim worked briefly in 1973-1974 with Albion's incarnation as the Albion Country Band which included Steve Ashley, they backed up Ashley on his first album Stroll On,[54] which Folk Review named "Contemporary Folk Album of the Year" in 1974.[55] Just before leaving the UK to return to the US in 1977, Draheim recorded again with John Renbourn to produce the album A Maid in Bedlam.[56]

Late 1970s through the 1980s back in the US[edit]

In late 1977 she returned to Oakland where she joined the all-women group Any Old Time String Band[57][58][59][60] and recorded two albums with them, Any Old Time String Band and Ladies Choice. Both albums were re-released in 1996 by Arhoolie on a single CD titled "I Bid You Goodnight".

One of Draheim's hallmarks was her eclecticism, and the first half of the 80s found her recording with a variety of artists including ethereal, new wave pagan/wiccan Gwydion Pendderwen,[61] the more solidly traditional Cajun and country Delta Sisters,[62] and Rory McNamara with his blend of Irish and American music.[63]

The 1990s[edit]

Draheim, Jody Stecher (from the Colby Street days), and Kate Brislin (who was with Draheim in the Any Old Time String Band)[64] joined Kathy Kallick and others in 1995 on Kallick's album Use a Napkin (Not Your Mom),[65] a recording which featured Appalachian style songs composed by Kallick, and was especially aimed at children (a group of whom sang along with the musicians).

In 1998 Draheim collaborated with John Cohen, David Grisman, and Jody Stecher on tracks included in Stories the Crow Told Me, Cohen's only album released without the New Lost City Ramblers.[66][67]

Additionally, during the 1990s nearly a dozen retrospective compilation albums (including three by John Renbourn) were released which featured earlier recordings with Draheim, some of them going as far back as the 1970s (see discography).

The 2000s[edit]

In 1999 Draheim joined Golden Bough, a Northern California group which focuses on traditional Celtic folk music. After producing two albums with them which were released in 2000 and 2002, she left the group just two years later in 2001, but still got together to play with them from time to time.[68] Joining Craicmore, a group which describes itself as "a contemporary traditional Celtic band",[69] Draheim released an album with them in 2002.

Teaming up with mandolinist Lief Sorbye,[70] Draheim completed the other half of the duo known as "Caliban"[71] which led to her joining the Oakland-based Celtic rock band Tempest[72] which Lief had founded; she recorded two albums with them on Magna Carta Records (Shapeshifter and the 15th Anniversary Collection). Appraisal of Draheim's work with Tempest included such comments as: "The addition of Sue Draheim (Jon Renbourn Group and Sorbye's other unit, Caliban) has added an extra, deeper and (again) more relaxed dimension to the Tempest sound. Her ultra-fluid fiddle lines and soft harmony vocals lend balance...",[73] "The harmony vocals, courtesy of newcomer Sue Draheim (who also plays fiddle and viola) are more prominent than ever...",[74] "Sue Draheim's fiddle weaves exuberantly wild or exquisitely controlled ...",[75] "Sue Draheim's fiddle has a very warm and rich sound ... that just highlights her beautiful playing. Sue really gets to the heart of the song with her playing and makes the melodies come alive, without overpowering the band"[76] and "Sue Draheim is a revelation on fiddle, bringing years of playing with her, adding texture and tone."[77] One journalist, reviewing a Tempest album released after Draheim had left the group, lamented: "...I miss the blazing elegance of fiddler Sue Draheim...".[78]

Draheim and others were founders of a group known as "Stuart Rosh and the Geniuses",[79] releasing the album Accept No Imitations in 2004. The group was led by Stuart Rojstaczer scientist, writer,[80] and musician performing under the name of "Stuart Rosh".[81] Referring to her "flowing fiddle lines and backup vocals", Rojstaczer wrote that "Sue's lessons will set you on the path to musical bliss".[79]

Later in 2004 she worked with the young singer Michael Bannett[82] to produce an album featuring a collection of British Isles songs from the 17th to the early 20th centuries. Draheim got together with Golden Bough again in 2006 for a 25th anniversary reunion concert, which resulted in an album release of traditional British folk music. Moving into a different genre altogether, Draheim joined "Hiss Golden Messenger", which has been described as "alternative country" and "country rock", to produce an album in 2009. An Arhoolie Records retrospective was released in 2013, including some of Draheim's earlier recordings with them, but Draheim's last new release was in 2011, a live recording with Southern country blues singer and guitarist Wayde Blair[83] at Berkeley's Art House.

In her later years Draheim settled in Berea, Kentucky[84] with her partner Wayde Blair, whom she had known and performed with in Berkeley,[85] and quickly got involved in the music scene there, performing at Berea's Center for the Arts as well as with a small contra dance group known as "Sea Change" at Berea's Main Street Café.[86][87]

When she was diagnosed with cancer in March 2013, Berkeley's Freight & Salvage (long a Bay Area center of folk music and a favorite of Draheim's, having performed there many times over the years from the beginnings of her career with Dr. Humbead's New Tranquility String Band and Medicine Show[88] and as recently as 2010)[89][90] held a special concert to show support for and honor her on April 1, 2013.[91] Among those performing in recognition of her contributions to music were musicians Eric & Suzy Thompson, Jody Stecher & Kate Brislin, and Will Spires (who had played with Draheim in the early years of her career),[92] Tempest, Golden Bough, and Kathy Kallick, (who had played with Draheim when her career had been firmly established), as well as Laurie Lewis & Tom Rozum, Tony Marcus & Patrice Haan, Paul Hale String Quartet, Live Oak Ceili Band with the Patricia Kennelly Irish Step Dancers, Don Burnham & the Bolos, Johnny Harper, Delilah Lewis & Karen Leigh, Harry & Cindy Liedstrand, and Gerry Tenney & the Hard Times Orchestra.


1970     Blue Ridge Mountain Field Trip, (one track with Mac Benford & Buddy Pendleton), Leader LEA 4012 LP[93]

1972     Berkeley Farms, (two tracks with Dr. Humbead's New Tranquility String Band), Folkways FA2436 LP

1972     Faro Annie, John Renbourn, Transatlantic MS2082 LP

1972     Henry The Human Fly, Richard Thompson, Carthage CGLP405 LP[94]

1972     Right Now, Wizz Jones, CBS 64809 LP; Columbia 493337 CD[95]

1972     Restoration, Marc Ellington, Philips 6308143 LP[96]

1973     Solid Air, John Martyn, Island ILPS 9226 LP;[97] reissued 2009[98] Universal Island Records IMCD 274/548147-2[99]

1974     Stroll On, Steve Ashley, (one track recorded in November 1972 with The Albion Country Band), Gull GU1003 LP (UK); Gull GU6-401S1 LP (US, 1975)[100]

1977     A Maid In Bedlam, John Renbourn Group, Transatlantic 0064.007 LP (1977); Shanachie 79004 LP (1987); Castle Music CMRCD991 CD (2004)

1978     Any Old Time String Band, Arhoolie 4009 LP

1980     Ladies Choice, Any Old Time, Bay 217 LP

1981     The Faerie Shaman, Gwydion (aka Gwydion Pendderwen), Nemeton NEM102 LP[101]

1981     Music From The Old Timey Hotel, The Delta Sisters, Rooster 111 LP; Ubik UB24 CD[102]

1984     Still Got That Look In His Eye, Rory McNamara, Kicking Mule KM323 LP[103]

1993     Watching The Dark, Richard Thompson, Hannibal 5303 CD

1994     The Young Fogies, with Dr. Humbead’s New Tranquility String Band, Rounder Select 319 CD[104] (original 1985 Heritage Records 056 LP)[105]

1994     The Guv'nor Vol. 1, (playing with Albion), HTD Records HTDCD23 CD; Castle Music America CMACD519 CD; Transatlantic Records TRACD323 CD[106]

1995     Use A Napkin (Not Your Mom), Kathy Kallick, Sugar Hill Records 3833 CD

1995     Sweet Little Mysteries: The Island Anthology, John Martyn, PolyGram Records 522245 CD

1995     The Guv'nor Vol. 2, (playing with Albion), HTD Records HTDCD29 CD; Castle Music America CMACD546 CD (1996)[107]

1996     John Barleycorn, John Renbourn, Edsel Records EDCD472 CD

1996     I Bid You Goodnight, Any Old Time String Band, Arhoolie 433 CD[108]

1996     Lost Sessions, John Renbourn, Edsel Records UK ED490 CD

1997     So Clear, John Renbourn, Recall SMD CD 152 CD

1998     Stories The Crow Told Me, John Cohen, Acoustic Disc 34 CD

1999     Stroll On Revisited, Steve Ashley, Market Square 104 CD

1999     Sam Chatmon 1970-1974, Sam Chatmon, Flyright Records FLY CD 63 CD[109]

2000     Acoustic Disc 100% Handmade Music Vol. 5, with Jody Stecher & John Cohen, Acoustic Disc 40 CD[110]

2000     The Best Of Richard And Linda Thompson: The Island Record Years, Richard Thompson, Island IMCD 270/542456-2[111]

2000     Winters Dance, Golden Bough, Arc Music EUCD 1046 CD

2002     Songs Of Scotland, Golden Bough, Arc Music GB221 CD[112]

2002     Too Bad For Heaven, Too Good For Hell, Craicmore, Kilts On Productions KOPC002 CD[113]

2003     Shapeshifter, Tempest, Magna Carta MA-9066-2 CD

2004     Accept No Imitations, Stuart Rosh and The Geniuses, Winged Flight 1001 CD

2004     15th Anniversary Collection, Tempest, Magna Carta MA-1503-0 CD

2004     Journey Through The British Isles, Michael Bannett, Crescendo Music Productions 5637216606 CD

2006     Golden Bough Live: 25th Anniversary Reunion Concert, Golden Bough, Arc Music EUCD 2008 CD[114]

2007     Lief's Birthday Bash, Tempest, Golden Bough, Caliban, Magna Carta MA-9093-2 CD[115]

2008     Prime Cuts, Tempest, Magna Carta MA-1014-2 CD / DVD[116]

2008     Berkeley In The 1960s, Dr. Humbead's New Tranquility String Band, Field Recorders Collective FRC609 CD[117][118](recorded 1970)

2009     50 Years: Where Do You Come From, Where Do You Go?, The New Lost City Ramblers, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings SFW40180 CD[119]

2009     Country Hai East Cotton, Hiss Golden Messenger, Heaven & Earth Magic Recording Co[120]

2009     So Far So Good, Rory McNamara, CD Baby 356607 CD[121]

2009     Walking On A Wire 1968-2009, Richard Thompson, Shout! Factory 826663-11087 CD[122]

2009     Meet On The Ledge: An Island Records Folk-Rock Anthology, John Martyn, Island 531 834-1 CD[123]

2009     Old Time Music Collection, Volume 1, (with John Cohen & Jody Stecher), Acoustic Disc ACD-AO-50011 CD[124]

2011     Live At The Art House, Wayde Blair, CD Baby 195982[125]

2013     They Played For Us: Arhoolie Records 50th Anniversary Celebration, Arhoolie 540 CD[126]


  1. ^ photo courtesy of Earl Crabb (aka "The Great Humbead"), long time friend of Sue Draheim.
  2. ^ Larkin, Colin (2006). The encyclopedia of popular music. London: Oxford University Press. p. 100. ISBN 1561592374
  3. ^ see also and old time birthdays for August for verification of birthdate
  4. ^ The Mudcat Café, R.I.P. fiddler Sue Draheim
  5. ^ News of Sue Draheim's passing reached across the Atlantic; fRoots, a UK monthly music journal, reported the news immediately (see Sue Draheim RIP Archived 2014-02-21 at the Wayback Machine), and an article memorializing her appeared in The Independent, a major UK newspaper (see: Hunt, Ken (29 May 2013), Sue Draheim: Widely admired folk violinist). An obituary article for Draheim appeared also in Folkwales, an on-line journal based in Wales. That she was appreciated and loved outside the English speaking world is indicated by a tribute to her (including a link to a recording of her playing Little Sadie) on the Spanish language blog of Yesternow, a radio station originating in Madrid (see "...ese gran sonido al violín de Sue Draheim. Descanse en Paz.").
  6. ^ "Berkeley Farms liner notes, page 4" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  7. ^ "Peralta, Claremont, and Oakland Tech attendance dates (". 2000-09-17. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2013-06-10.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. ^ "Notable Alumni". Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  9. ^ see also Oakland Tech Centennial Hall of Honor: Sue Draheim
  10. ^ Young Fogies Gazette, Sue Draheim biography (scan courtesy of Susie Goehring, Field Recorders Collective)
  11. ^ UC Berkeley, Dept. of Music - Past Performances, University Chamber Chorus
  12. ^ San Francisco Early Music Society - Three Harps and Two Fiddles...
  13. ^ Berkeley Symphony Orchestra - A Zappa Affair
  14. ^ - "Minor Excursions"
  15. ^ Hayatti, Zoharr A. "The huge house on Colby Street was wonderful ... there were musicians everywhere: upstairs, downstairs, on the lawn ...". Zaharr's Memoir- Part 3(& 4).
  16. ^ Cohen, John. "The musicians of Colby Street . . . ". (album notes for "Berkeley in the 1960s") (scroll to bottom).
  17. ^ Smithsonian Folkways - liner notes for BERKELEY FARMS p.4
  18. ^ Henry, Murphy Hicks (2013). Pretty Good for a Girl: Women in Bluegrass. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. p. 247. ISBN 978-0-252-09588-7.
  19. ^ Smithsonian Folkways - liner notes for BERKELEY FARMS, p.5
  20. ^ - Freight and Salvage
  21. ^ "North California Groups - Dr. Humbead'S New Tranquility String Band And Medicine Show". 1966-10-15. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  22. ^ Malone, Bill C. (2011). Music from the True Vine: Mike Seeger's Life and Musical Journey. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p.153. ISBN 0807835102
  23. ^ "Sue Draheim at the 1968 Berkeley Folk Music Festival". Archived from the original on 2013-06-15. Retrieved 2016-07-01.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  24. ^ "Dr, Humbead's New Tranquility String Band at the 1969 SD State Folk Festival". Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  25. ^ - (links to 1969 recordings of Dr, Humbead's New Tranquility String Band): Sally in the Garden, Goodbye Liza Jane, Flying Clouds, and Bully of the Town.
  26. ^ "Golden Toad". Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  27. ^ "The Grace Cathedral Gig". Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  28. ^ "The Joe Cooley Tapes". Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  29. ^ "Harrington Bar". Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  30. ^ Will Spires p.4, see also Sue Draheim pp. 4-5
  31. ^ A note on the origin of the band's name: Gráinneog Céilidh translates literally as Hedgehog Party. The word céilidh has become more specifically associated with Irish dance bands, practically all of whom include Céilidh (or Céili) Band in the final part of their names (see Modern ceilidhs and The Ceili Bands of the 60's and before ). A gráinneog (hedgehog) is a much maligned creature in Ireland (see The Folklore and Traditions of The Irish Hedgerow) and has a reputation for being dirty and unkempt; Joe Cooley may have had the somewhat ragged appearance of the Colby Street people in mind when the name was suggested but, having a friendly little joke at their expense, admitted only that the hedgehog was "just the warmest, furriest little creature" (see The Joe Cooley Tapes). (Special thanks to Jody Stecher for the story behind the name).
  32. ^ Mudcat Café - the UK folk revival in 2010
  33. ^ UCLA Ethnomusicology Archive (Lou Curtiss San Diego Folk Festival Collection 1962-1987) - Box 3, Item 2007.04sdff070: Sweets Mill Music Camp - The original musical meeting of "The California Sheiks" 1970
  34. ^ - Sam Chatmon 1970-1974
  35. ^ de:Richard Schuberth
  36. ^ (original: "die Crème de la Crème der englischen Folk-Rock-Szene")
  37. ^ Schubert, Richard (2002). "CrossRoots" : das Lexikon der irischen, schottischen, englischen, walisischen und bretonischen Folk-, Traditional- und Roots-Musik. Moers: Ludwig. p. 42. ISBN 3935943008.
  38. ^ Baker, Duck (2011). Encyclopedia of Irish and American Fiddle Tunes for Fingerstyle Guitar. Pacific, MO: Mel Bay Publications. p. 97 ISBN 1610656849, ISBN 9781610656849
  39. ^ Harper, Colin (2004). Irish folk, trad & blues: a secret history. Cork: Collins Press. p. 76.
  40. ^ Sweers, Britta (2004). Electric Folk : The Changing Face of English Traditional Music. Oxford University Press. p. 85. ISBN 9780198038986.
  41. ^ sample of Draheim's work on Faro Annie (track № 4) "Little Sadie...con ese gran sonido al violín de Sue Draheim. Descanse en Paz."
  42. ^ Collaborators (Sue Draheim)
  43. ^ "Richard Thompson's homepage". Retrieved 2016-07-10.
  44. ^ - Marc Ellington.
  45. ^ "Albion"
  46. ^ - Steve Ashley - musical biography
  47. ^ "books by Antonio Méndez". Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  48. ^ Méndez, Antonio (2007). Guía del Pop y el Rock 70, Aloha Poprock 2a Edición. Madrid: Vision Libros. p. 16. ISBN 84-9821-570-6.
  49. ^ "Draheim's 1972 debut on BBC Radio 1 (Peel Sessions)".
  50. ^ - Ashley Hutchings: The Guv'nor Vol 1
  51. ^ - Ashley Hutchings: The Guv'nor Vol 2
  52. ^ - An interview with Steve Ashley
  53. ^ - John Martyn's Obituary
  54. ^ - Albion Sunrise
  55. ^ Gregory, Andy (ed.) (2002). International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002. London: Europa Publications. p. 18. ISBN 1857431618
  56. ^ "Ruhlmann, William, A Maid in Bedlam - review,"
  57. ^ D. Farmer. "Sue Draheim". Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  58. ^ "Any Old Time" Northern California Bluegrass Society
  59. ^ Bufwack, Mary A. (2003). Finding her voice: women in country music, 1800-2000. Vanderbilt University Press. p. 399. ISBN 9780826514325.
  60. ^ Arhoolie Records. "Any Old Time String Band was one of the most popular old time music bands in California". Archived from the original on 2014-02-22.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  61. ^ "Wicca- and Neopaganism Folk - PENDDERWEN GWYDION 1946-1982". 2004-08-25. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  62. ^ Thomson, Ryan J. (1985). The Fiddler's Almanac: A Wealth of Fiddling Lore and Illustrations. [[New Market, New Hampshire]|New Market, N.H.]]: Captain Fiddle Publications. p. 116. ISBN 0931877008
  63. ^ - Biography Page
  64. ^ Any Old Time String Band
  65. ^ "Kathy Kallick Recordings". Archived from the original on 2014-02-23. Retrieved 2013-06-10.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  66. ^ Allen, Ray (2010). Gone to the country : the New Lost City Ramblers and the folk music revival. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. p. 238. ISBN 9780252035609
  67. ^ Dicaire, David (2001). The folk music revival, 1958-1970 : biographies of fifty performers and other influential people. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co. p. 201. ISBN 9780786463527
  68. ^ - interview with Margie Butler of Golden Bough
  69. ^ - The Band
  70. ^ "Lief Sorbye". Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  71. ^ Hill, Gary (1998-03-10). "Caliban". Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  72. ^ Tempest from 2002 to 2003
  73. ^ Beaudoin, Jeff (f5) Review
  74. ^ Popke, Michael - Tempest: Shapeshifter (review)
  75. ^ Holton, Len (KUAR Radio). Review
  76. ^ "A Music Fan from San Jose". Review
  77. ^ Nickson, Chris. review of Shapeshifter
  78. ^ Chaisson, Bill. Tempest (review)
  79. ^ a b - Friends
  80. ^ (Penguin Press will publish his novel The Mathematician's Shiva in 2014) see - Stuart Rojstaczer
  81. ^ - Music Info
  82. ^ michaelbannett,com - Michael's Recordings
  83. ^ Wayde Blair's albums include Short Term Memoirs, Kentucky Windage, Live at the Art House, Kentucky Lucky, and Swing with Western.
  84. ^ "2011 move to Berea". 2012-06-15. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2016-07-10.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  85. ^ "Berkeley Old Time Music Convention 2010". Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2016-07-10.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  86. ^ Berea Center for the Arts Presents Sue Draheim & Wayde Blair,, 13 June 2012
  87. ^ At the Main Street Café,
  88. ^ from's collection of F&S programs: 1968a, 1968b, 1968c, 1969a, 1969b, and 1970
  89. ^ "Any Old Time String Band 2010 reunion at the Freight & Salvage".
  90. ^ DeWitt, Mark F. (2008). Cajun and zydeco dance music in Northern California : modern pleasures in a postmodern world. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. p. 134. ISBN 9781604730906.
  91. ^ "Announcement of benefit concert honoring Sue Draheim at the Freight and Salvage Coffee House"
  92. ^ Rubin, Rachel (2012). Well Met: Renaissance Faires and the American Counterculture. New York: New York University Press. p. 157. ISBN 9780814771389.
  93. ^ "album info".
  94. ^ "album info". Archived from the original on 2013-07-22. Retrieved 2013-06-10.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  95. ^ "album info". Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  96. ^ "album info".
  97. ^ "original release date".
  98. ^ "2009 reissue".
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  111. ^ "album info".
  112. ^ "album info".
  113. ^ special thanks to Craicmore's John MacAdams for supplying release date and other detailed information about this album
  114. ^ "album info".
  115. ^ "Lief Sorbye". 2 October 2012. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  116. ^ "Tempest Prime Cuts". Retrieved 26 September 2016.
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  118. ^ special thanks to Field Recorders Collective's Susie Goehring for tracking down this album
  119. ^ "album info".
  120. ^ "album info".
  121. ^ "album info".
  122. ^ "album info".
  123. ^ "album info".
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  126. ^ "album info".

External links[edit]