Sufers

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Sufers
Sufers10.JPG
Coat of arms of Sufers
Coat of arms
Sufers is located in Switzerland
Sufers
Sufers
Location of Sufers
Karte Gemeinde Sufers 2016.png
Sufers is located in Canton of Graubünden
Sufers
Sufers
Sufers (Canton of Graubünden)
Coordinates: 46°34′N 9°22′E / 46.567°N 9.367°E / 46.567; 9.367Coordinates: 46°34′N 9°22′E / 46.567°N 9.367°E / 46.567; 9.367
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Government
 • Mayor Thomas Lechner
Area[1]
 • Total 34.62 km2 (13.37 sq mi)
Elevation 1,430 m (4,690 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 126
 • Density 3.6/km2 (9.4/sq mi)
Postal code 7434
SFOS number 3695
Surrounded by Andeer, Casti-Wergenstein, Ferrera, Madesimo (IT-SO), Safien, Splügen
Website www.sufers.ch
SFSO statistics

Sufers (Romansh: Sur) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Sufers is first mentioned in 831 as Subere.[3]

Geography[edit]

Sufers on Sufnersee

Sufers has an area, as of 2006, of 34.6 km2 (13.4 sq mi). Of this area, 13.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 23.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (61.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Rheinwald sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It is a Haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square).

A dam on the Hinterrhein river was built in 1962 and forms the reservoir Sufnersee.

Demographics[edit]

Sufers has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 126.[2] As of 2008, 3.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.6%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 52.0% male and 48.0% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Sufers is; 14 people or 12.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 11 people or 9.6% are 10 to 14, and 4 people or 3.5% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 11 people or 9.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 18 people or 15.7% are 30 to 39, 10 people or 8.7% are 40 to 49, and 17 people or 14.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 12 people or 10.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 10 people or 8.7% are 70 to 79, there are 8 people or 7.0% who are 80 to 89.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 57.3% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the FDP (19.3%) and the CVP (2.1%).[4]

In Sufers about 77.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Sufers has an unemployment rate of 0.29%. As of 2005, there were 26 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 12 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 27 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1690 186
1807 224
1850 184
1900 104
1950 124
2000 115
2010 126

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (91.3%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 4.3%) and Romansh being third ( 3.5%).[4]

Languages in Sufers
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 105 92.11% 104 93.69% 105 91.30%
Romansh 3 2.63% 1 0.90% 4 3.48%
Population 114 100% 111 100% 115 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Sufers in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]