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Sufism and Tariqat
Sufi poetry has been written in many languages, both for private devotional reading and as lyrics for music played during worship, or dhikr. Themes and styles established in Punjabi poetry, Sindhi poetry, Arabic poetry and mostly Persian poetry have had an enormous influence on Sufi poetry throughout the Islamic world, and is often part of the Sufi music. In Punjab, Sindh and other provinces of India Sufi poetry played a singular role in maintaining communal harmony in turbulent times. Sufi poetry in most of the regional languages and vernaculars of India, by the nobility of its pious feelings and rhythmic rendition, has inspired the people to seek the Love Divine. The friendly and tolerant utterances of the Sufis retained the favour of both the Hindus as well as the Muslims and influenced the people's thought and sent the message of peace, love, fellowship, understanding and amity. Sufi poetry has bestowed a remarkable legacy of communal harmony for posterity.
Some of the most famous works, both poetry and prose, in Sufi literature are:
- The Mathnawī and Diwan-e Shams-e Tabriz-i of Rūmī
- The Dīwān of Yūnūs by Yunus Emre
- al-Buṣīrī's Qaṣīdat-ul-Burda
- Dīwān of Hāfez by Hafiz Shirazi
- Shaikh Abū Sa`īd Abū-l-Khair's Asrār-ut-Tawḥīd ("The Secrets of Unity")
- Farid al-Din Attar's The Conference of the Birds
- Ibn Arabi's Fuṣūṣ-ul-Ḥikam ("The Bezels of Wisdom") and Tarjumān al-Ashwāq ("The Interpreter of Desires")
- Al-Ghazali's Kimiya-yi sa'ādat ("The Alchemy of Happiness")
- Ashraf Jahangir Semnani's Lataife Ashrafi
- Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri's Dala’il al-Barakat
- Bahr-ul-Uloom Muhammad Abdul Qadeer Siddiqi Qadri Hasrat's "Kulliyyat-e-Hasrat" (Collection of Poetry in devotion to the Prophet and other Sufis).
- Diwan-e-Akhtar by Hazrat Hakim Akhtar (Damat barkatuhum aaliya)
- Tassawwuff by Syed Waheed Ashraf
- Arif Al-Majdhub The Travels Of Hakim Kohl’in Al-Deen Al-Salik:
- al-Fatḥ al-mubīn fī madḥ al-amīn ("Clear Inspiration, on Praise of the Trusted One") by ʿĀ’ishah bint Yūsuf al-Bāʿūniyyah
- "Great Sufi Poets of The Punjab" by R. M. Chopra, (1999), Iran Society, Calcutta.
- Islamic poetry
- Islamic music
- , (Na'at
- History of Sufism
- Persian literature
- Suzy Kassem
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- " Great Sufi Poets of The Punjab" by R. M. Chopra, (1999), Iran Society, Calcutta.