28 July 1973 |
|Charge(s)||War crimes charges against Mr. Barhoumi have been dismissed but may be refiled.|
|Status||Still held in Guantanamo|
Sufyian Barhoumi is a citizen of Algeria, who is currently held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba. The Department of Defense reports that he was born on 28 July 1973, in Algiers, Algeria.
- 1 Official status reviews
- 2 Charges before a military commission
- 3 A Belgian arrest
- 4 Status during the Donald Trump administration
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Official status reviews
Originally the Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the "war on terror" were not covered by the Geneva Conventions, and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention. In 2004 the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Rasul v. Bush, that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, and were entitled to try to refute them.
Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants
Following the Supreme Court's ruling the Department of Defense set up the Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants.
Scholars at the Brookings Institution, lead by Benjamin Wittes, listed the captives still held in Guantanamo in December 2008, according to whether their detention was justified by certain common allegations:
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who had faced charges before a military commission.
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who had been charged before a Guantanamo military commission, and had subsequently had the charges dropped.
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... are members of Al Qaeda."
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges ... took military or terrorist training in Afghanistan."
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who "The military alleges that the following detainees were captured under circumstances that strongly suggest belligerency."
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who was ab "al Qaeda operative".
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives "who have been charged before military commissions and are alleged Al Qaeda operatives."
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who "deny affiliation with Al Qaeda or the Taliban yet admit facts that, under the broad authority the laws of war give armed parties to detain the enemy, offer the government ample legal justification for its detention decisions."
- Sufiyan Barhoumi was listed as one of the captives who had admitted "to training at Al Qaeda or Taliban camps".
Habeas corpus petition
On September 24, 2009 Carol Rosenberg, writing in the Miami Herald, reported that U.S. District Court Judge Rosemary Collyer had ruled that the USA could continue to hold Sufiyan in Guantanamo.  While the ruling was announced, its text remained classified.
His case was appealed before a panel of judges, who confirmed Collyer's decision on June 10, 2010.
Formerly secret Joint Task Force Guantanamo assessment
On April 25, 2011, whistleblower organization WikiLeaks published formerly secret assessments drafted by Joint Task Force Guantanamo analysts. A four-page JTF-GTMO assessment was drafted on June 11, 2004. It was signed by camp commandant Jay W. Hood, who recommended continued detention.
Joint Review Task Force
When he assumed office in January 2009 President Barack Obama made a number of promises about the future of Guantanamo.  He promised the use of torture would cease at the camp. He promised to institute a new review system. That new review system was composed of officials from six departments, where the OARDEC reviews were conducted entirely by the Department of Defense. When it reported back, a year later, the Joint Review Task Force classified some individuals as too dangerous to be transferred from Guantanamo, even though there was no evidence to justify laying charges against them. On April 9, 2013, that document was made public after a Freedom of Information Act request. Sufiyan Barhoumi was one of the 71 individuals deemed too innocent to charge, but too dangerous to release.
Charges before a military commission
On 6 July 2004, United States President Bush ordered that Sufyian Barhoumi be charged before a military commission. The appointing authority approved the charges against Sufyian on 4 November 2005. Barhoumi faced the charge of "Conspiracy". His five-page charge sheet listed thirteen general allegations, that were essentially identical to those of Jabran Said bin al Qahtani, Binyam Ahmed Muhammad, and Ghassan Abdullah al Sharbi. Sufyian Barhoumi, Jabran Said bin al Qahtani, Ghassan Abdullah al Sharbi, and two other captives, Binyam Ahmed Muhammad, and Omar Khadr had their charges confirmed on the same day as Barhoumi. Sufyian Barhoumi, Jabran Said bin al Qahtani, Ghassan Abdullah al Sharbi, and Binyam Ahmed Muhammad all faced conspiracy charges. Omar Khadr faced both murder and conspiracy to murder charges.
In July 2006, after considering Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the President lacked the Constitutional Authority to order Military Commissions. The Supreme Court ruled that only the United States Congress had the authority to order Military Commissions. So the charges against all ten men were dropped.
On 21 October 2008 Susan J. Crawford the official in charge of the Office of Military Commissions announced charges were dropped against Barhoumi. Carol J. Williams, writing in the Los Angeles Times reports that all five men had been connected by Abu Zubaydah—one of the three captives the CIA has acknowledged was interrogated using the controversial technique known as "waterboarding".
Williams quoted the men's attorneys, who anticipated the five men would be re-charged in thirty days. They told Williams that: "... prosecutors called the move procedural", and attributed it to the resignation of fellow Prosecutor Darrel Vandeveld, who resigned on ethical grounds. Williams reported that Clive Stafford Smith speculated that the Prosecution's dropping of the charges, and plans to subsequently re-file charges later was intended to counter and disarm the testimony Vandeveld was anticipated to offer, that the Prosecution had withheld exculpatory evidence.
Barhoumi has not been re-charged. Jess Bravin, writing in the Wall Street Journal, reported that, by 2013, Barhoumi had decided he would plead guilty, to any charge, because he saw a plea bargain as a way to win himself a fixed release date to look forward to. Barhoumi was to have been charged with "providing material support for terrorism." But appeals court judges had overturned the convictions of other men who pled guilty to that charge.
Bravin said that Barhoumi had come close to agreeing to a plea bargain in 2009, that would have imposed a sentence of 20 years, except he wanted credit for the eight years he had already served.
A Belgian arrest
Security officials from Belgium reported that five men recently arrested for playing a role in an armed robbery that was intended to raise funds to support jihadism included two former Guantanamo captives.  The arrests occurred on July 22, 2015, but were not reported in the English-speaking press until July 24. There were two Algerians in Guantanamo, the other was Soufian Awal Huwari.
Status during the Donald Trump administration
Observers noted that President Barack Obama's administration made a push to transfer as many individuals from Guantanamo, as possible, during his last year. The Washington Post reported that Soufiyan Barhoumi was one of the five individuals who had been cleared for release, who remained in Guantanamo when Donald Trump was inaugurated. During the election campaign Trump had promised that, once he took power, no one would ever leave detention at Guantanamo, that he would bring more individuals to be detained there.
- OARDEC (15 May 2006). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through 15 May 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (ordered and consolidated version)". Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas, from DoD data. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-21.
- Margot Williams (2008-11-03). "Guantanamo Docket: Sufyian Barhoumi". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-05-18.
- "2 Guantanamo prisoners ask for release before Trump takes office". Business Standard. 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-01-17.
Lawyers for two lower-level detainees from the wartime prison at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba, are urgently asking a court to send them home before Trump takes office, specially after 10 such prisoners were released, media reports said.
- "U.S. military reviews 'enemy combatant' use". USA Today. 2007-10-11. Archived from the original on 2012-08-11.
Critics called it an overdue acknowledgment that the so-called Combatant Status Review Tribunals are unfairly geared toward labeling detainees the enemy, even when they pose little danger. Simply redoing the tribunals won't fix the problem, they said, because the system still allows coerced evidence and denies detainees legal representation.
- Benjamin Wittes, Zaathira Wyne (2008-12-16). "The Current Detainee Population of Guantánamo: An Empirical Study". The Brookings Institution. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-06-22. Retrieved 2010-02-16.
- Carol Rosenberg (2009-09-24). "Judge OKs Guantánamo detention of Algerian". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
Barhoumi and several others were sent to Guantánamo and charged with war crimes for allegedly training with al Qaeda, setting up a bomb-making shop and going on a $1,000 shopping mission in Faisalabad to buy materiel for roadside bombs to resist the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan.
- Carol Rosenberg (2009-09-24). "Algerian seized with Abu Zubaydah loses habeas case". McClatchy News Services. Archived from the original on 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
In the latest case made public, U.S. District Judge Rosemary Collyer ruled for the detention of Sufiyan Barhoumi, 36, in a two-page decision dated Sept. 3. Her full ruling was still classified Friday.
- "Sufiyam Barhoumi v. Barack Obama". United States Department of Justice. 2010-06-10. Archived from the original on 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
- Christopher Hope, Robert Winnett, Holly Watt, Heidi Blake (2011-04-27). "WikiLeaks: Guantanamo Bay terrorist secrets revealed -- Guantanamo Bay has been used to incarcerate dozens of terrorists who have admitted plotting terrifying attacks against the West – while imprisoning more than 150 totally innocent people, top-secret files disclose". The Telegraph (UK). Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
The Daily Telegraph, along with other newspapers including The Washington Post, today exposes America’s own analysis of almost ten years of controversial interrogations on the world’s most dangerous terrorists. This newspaper has been shown thousands of pages of top-secret files obtained by the WikiLeaks website.
- "WikiLeaks: The Guantánamo files database". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Sufyian Barhoumi: Guantanamo Bay detainee file on Sufyian Barhoumi, US9AG-000694DP, passed to the Telegraph by Wikileaks". The Telegraph (UK). 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2012-09-. Check date values in:
- Peter Finn (January 22, 2010). "Justice task force recommends about 50 Guantanamo detainees be held indefinitely". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Peter Finn (May 29, 2010). "Most Guantanamo detainees low-level fighters, task force report says". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Andy Worthington (June 11, 2010). "Does Obama Really Know or Care About Who Is at Guantánamo?". Archived from the original on 2010-06-16. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- "71 Guantanamo Detainees Determined Eligible to Receive a Periodic Review Board as of April 19, 2013". Joint Review Task Force. 2013-04-09. Archived from the original on 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2015-05-18.
- George W. Bush (6 July 2004). "To the Secretary of Defense" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
Accordingly, it is hereby ordered that, effective this date, Sufyian Barhoumi shall be subject to the Military Order of 13 November 2001.
- John D. Alternburg Jr. (4 November 2005). "Military Commission Case No. 05-0006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
The charges against Sufyian Barhoumi (a/k/a Abu Obaida, a/k/a Obaydah A1 Jaza'iri, a/k/a Shafiq) are approved.
- "USA v. Barhoumi" (PDF). US Department of Defense. 7 November 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-27.
- Andrew Gilmore (30 May 2008). "Pentagon files new charges against 3 Guantanamo detainees". The Jurist. Archived from the original on 8 May 2009. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
- "Charge sheet (2008)" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
- Jane Sutton (2008-10-21). "U.S. drops charges against 5 Guantanamo captives". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2008-10-21. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- Carol J. Williams (2008-10-21). "War crimes charges dropped against 5 in Guantanamo". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2008-10-21. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- Jess Bravin (2013-07-15). "Guantanamo Detainee Begs to Be Charged as Legal Limbo Worsens". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-05-18.
"For years, your ticket out of Guantanamo was being found guilty," says Capt. Justin Swick, a lawyer appointed to represent Mr. Barhoumi. He noted that Mr. Hamdan, the former driver for bin Laden, was repatriated to Yemen within six months of his 2008 material support conviction. "Now there's nothing to be found guilty of," Capt. Swick says.
- Paul Cruikshank (2015-07-24). "Official: Two former Guantanamo detainees arrested in Belgium". CNN. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
One of the former Guantanamo Bay detainees was Moussa Zemmouri, 37, a Moroccan national born in Antwerp, Belgian federal prosecutors announced Friday.
- "Two former Guantánamo inmates arrested in Belgium on terror charges". The Guardian. 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
Zemmouri, who was the only one of the five not arrested at the scene, was locked up in Guantánamo from 2001 to 2005 on suspicion of belonging to the Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM), blamed for attacks in Casablanca and Madrid.
- Julie Tate, Missy Ryan (2017-01-22). "The Trump era has stranded these five men at Guantanamo Bay". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2017-04-11.
- Who Are the Remaining Prisoners in Guantánamo? Part Six: Captured in Pakistan (2 of 3) Andy Worthington, October 6, 2010
- Commissions Transcripts Exhibits, and Allied Papers
- US military charges Omar Khadr with murder, CTV, 7 November 2005
- US charges five Guantanamo detainees with war crimes, China Daily, 7 November 2005
- Canadian held at Guantanamo charged with murder, CBC, 7 November 2005
- Five More Guantanamo Detainees Charged, The Guardian, 7 November 2005
- Human Rights First; Habeas Works: Federal Courts’ Proven Capacity to Handle Guantánamo Cases (2010)[permanent dead link]
- Supreme Court to hear challenge to military commissions, San Francisco Mercury, 7 November 2005