Sugar Bowl

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Sugar Bowl
Allstate Sugar Bowl
Sugar Bowl logo.svg
Allstate Sugar Bowl logo
StadiumMercedes-Benz Superdome
LocationNew Orleans, Louisiana
Previous stadiumsTulane Stadium (1934–1974)
Georgia Dome[a] (2006)
Previous locationsAtlanta, Georgia[a] (2006)
Operated1935–present
Conference tie-insSEC (unofficial 1935–1975, official 1976–present)
Big 12 (2015–present)
PayoutUS$17,000,000 per team (As of 2014)[1]
Sponsors
USF&G Financial Services (1988–1995)
Nokia (1996–2006)
Allstate Insurance (2007–present)
Former names
Sugar Bowl (1935–1987)
USF&G Sugar Bowl (1988–1995)
Nokia Sugar Bowl (1996–2006)
2018 season matchup
Georgia vs. Texas (Texas 28–21)
2019 season matchup
Big 12 vs. SEC (January 1, 2020)

The Sugar Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in New Orleans, Louisiana. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, and celebrated its 75th anniversary on January 2, 2009. The Sugar Bowl, along with the Orange Bowl and Sun Bowl, are the second-oldest bowl games in the country, behind the Rose Bowl Game.[2]

The Sugar Bowl was originally played at Tulane Stadium before moving to the Superdome in 1975. When the Superdome and the rest of the city suffered damage due to both the winds from and the flooding in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Sugar Bowl was temporarily moved to the Georgia Dome in Atlanta in 2006. Since 2007, the game has been sponsored by Allstate and officially known as the Allstate Sugar Bowl. Previous sponsors include Nokia (1996–2006) and USF&G Financial Services (1988–1995).

The Sugar Bowl has had a longstanding — albeit not exclusive — relationship with the Southeastern Conference (SEC) (which once had a member institution based in New Orleans, Tulane University; another Louisiana school, Louisiana State University (LSU) in Baton Rouge, is still in the SEC today). Indeed, the Sugar Bowl did not feature an SEC team only four times in its first 60 editions, and an SEC team played in the game in every year but one from 1950 to 1995. The SEC's opponent varied from year to year, but, prior to the advent of the Bowl Championship Series was often the runner-up of the Big Eight or SWC, or a major independent.

The Sugar Bowl-SEC relationship has been altered over the past twenty years due to conference realignments and the emergence of a series of coalitions and alliances intending to produce an undisputed national champion in college football, but the ties between the Sugar Bowl and the SEC have persisted and have recently been strengthened. Since 2015, the Sugar Bowl, along with the Rose, Orange, Cotton, Peach, and Fiesta bowls, is one of the "New Year's Six" bowls in rotation for the College Football Playoff. It hosted a playoff semifinal following the 2017 season, and will next host one following the 2020 season. In other years, it will feature the best available teams from SEC and the Big 12 conferences,[3] an arrangement nearly identical with the relationship between the Rose Bowl and the champions of the Big Ten and Pac-12.

As a member of the Bowl Championship Series, the Sugar Bowl hosted the BCS National Championship Game twice (2000 and 2004). However, from the 2006 season to the 2013 season, the BCS National Championship Game had been a stand-alone event, following one week after the New Year's Day bowl games. This means that, under the now-defunct BCS format, no traditional bowl game hosted the BCS National Championship Game, but that game was played at the venue of one of those traditional major bowls, rotating amongst the four sites, including the Superdome.

The payout for the 2006 game was $14–17 million per participating team. According to Sports Illustrated, the 2007 salary for Sugar Bowl CEO Paul Hoolahan was $607,500.[4]

Sugar Bowl in Tulane Stadium in the 1940s

History[edit]

In 1890, Pasadena, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities. As one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear [fruit]. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding a football game.[5]

2004 Sugar Bowl, Louisiana State University vs. Oklahoma; January 4, 2004

In 1926, leaders in Miami, Florida, decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics" that was centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders later revived the idea with the "Palm Festival" (with the slogan "Have a Green Christmas in Miami"). The football game and associated festivities of the Palm Festival were soon named the "Orange Bowl."[6]

In New Orleans, Louisiana, the idea of a New Year's Day football game was first presented in 1927 by Colonel James M. Thomson, publisher of the New Orleans Item, and Sports Editor Fred Digby. Every year thereafter, Digby repeated calls for action, and even came up with the name "Sugar Bowl" for his proposed football game.[7]

By 1935, enough support had been garnered for the first Sugar Bowl. The game was played in Tulane Stadium, which had been built in 1926 on Tulane University's campus (before 1871, Tulane's campus was Paul Foucher's plantation, where Foucher's father-in-law, Etienne de Bore, had first granulated sugar from cane syrup). Warren V. Miller, the first president of the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association, guided the Sugar Bowl through its difficult formative years of 1934 and 1935. An unusual 2-0 score marked the 1942 Sugar Bowl, in which the sole scoring play was a safety.

Much controversy preceded the 1956 Sugar Bowl, when Pitt Panthers who were playing with Bobby Grier, an African-American, met the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. There had been controversy over whether Grier should be allowed to play due to his race, and whether Georgia Tech should even play at all due to Georgia's Governor Marvin Griffin's opposition to racial integration.[8][9][10]

In November 1967, Army's success on the field made them a strong candidate to be selected for the 1968 Sugar Bowl. However, Pentagon officials, in the midst of the Vietnam War, refused to allow the team to play what would have been the academy's first bowl game ever—citing the "heavy demands on the players' time" as well as an emphasis on football being "not consistent with the academy's basic mission: to produce career Army officers."[11]

Superdome for the 2005 Sugar Bowl

Tulane Stadium hosted the game from 1935 through 1974. It has been played in the Louisiana Superdome since 1975. The Sugar Bowl's corporate title sponsor was USF&G Financial Services from 1987 to 1995 and Nokia cellular telephones of Finland from 1995 to 2006. In March 2006 Allstate Insurance was announced as the new title sponsor. ABC Sports televised the game from 1969 through 2006. Fox Sports televised the game from 2007 to 2009 as part of its contract with the BCS. ESPN started airing the game with the 2010–11 season, after outbidding Fox for the broadcasting rights.[12]

The 2006 Sugar Bowl game was played at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, Georgia because of the extensive damage the Superdome suffered as a result of Hurricane Katrina. The Sugar Bowl has since returned to the refurbished Superdome.

Prior to the BCS, the game traditionally hosted the Southeastern Conference (SEC) champion against a top-tier at-large opponent. This was formalized in 1975, when the SEC champion was granted an automatic bid to the Sugar Bowl starting with the end of the 1976 season. This continued throughout the time of the Bowl Coalition, a precursor to the BCS. However, the Sugar Bowl agreed to release the SEC champion if necessary to force a national championship game. Under this format, the Sugar Bowl hosted the first Bowl Coalition national championship game, when SEC champion Alabama upended Miami at the end of the 1992 season. When the Bowl Coalition became the Bowl Alliance at the start of the 1995 season, the Sugar Bowl would still release the SEC champion to go to the national championship game if they were ranked in the top two in the nation.

Under the now-defunct BCS format, the Sugar Bowl continued to host the SEC champion against a top-tier at-large opponent, unless the SEC champion went to the BCS National Championship Game.[13] When this happened, the Sugar Bowl usually selected the highest-ranked SEC team still available in the BCS pool. The SEC champion played for the national championship in every one of the eight final editions of the BCS (2006 to 2013).

The Sugar Bowl maintains an archive of past programs, images, newsreels, and other materials. The archive, originally housed in the Superdome, survived Hurricane Katrina, but a more secure home was needed. During the summer of 2007, the Sugar Bowl donated its materials to The Historic New Orleans Collection, designating it the permanent home of its archive.

2011 Sugar Bowl winner Ohio State vacated its Sugar Bowl victory over Arkansas in response to National Collegiate Athletic Association allegations over a memorabilia-for-cash scandal.[14]

The 2012 game, pitting the Michigan Wolverines against the Virginia Tech Hokies, was the first Sugar Bowl since 2000—and only the sixth since World War II—without an SEC team. Both of the SEC's BCS participants, Alabama and LSU, played in the National Championship Game, and under BCS rules only two teams per conference were eligible for BCS bowls.

In May 2012, the Big 12 and SEC announced plans to create a new bowl game, the Champions Bowl, that would play host to the champions of those two conferences.[15] However, by November 2012, it was decided instead that the Sugar Bowl will play host to the champions of the Big 12 and SEC, beginning in January 2015.[3] If one of those teams takes part in the national semifinal, a team from the same conference will take their place. Also, it will become one of the bowls that will rotate as a spot for a national semifinal game. On January 1, 2015, the Sugar Bowl matched Big 10 champion, Ohio State against SEC champion Alabama in one of two semi-final games for the college football playoff championship in its inaugural year.

Game results[edit]

Rankings are based on the AP Poll prior to the game being played. Italics denote a tie game

Date Played Winning team Losing team Attnd.[16] Notes
January 1, 1935 Tulane 20 Temple 14 22,026 notes
January 1, 1936 TCU 3 LSU 2 35,000 notes
January 1, 1937 Santa Clara 21 LSU 14 41,000 notes
January 1, 1938 Santa Clara 6 LSU 0 45,000 notes
January 2, 1939 #1 TCU 15 #6 Carnegie Tech 7 50,000 notes
January 1, 1940 #1 Texas A&M 14 #5 Tulane 13 73,000 notes
January 1, 1941 #4 Boston College 19 #6 Tennessee 13 73,181 notes
January 1, 1942 #6 Fordham 2 #7 Missouri 0 72,000 notes
January 1, 1943 #7 Tennessee 14 #4 Tulsa 7 70,000 notes
January 1, 1944 #13 Georgia Tech 20 Tulsa 18 69,000 notes
January 1, 1945 #11 Duke 29 Alabama 26 72,000 notes
January 1, 1946 #5 Oklahoma State 33 #7 Saint Mary's (CA) 13 75,000 notes
January 1, 1947 #3 Georgia 20 #9 North Carolina 10 73,300 notes
January 1, 1948 #5 Texas 27 #6 Alabama 7 72,000 notes
January 1, 1949 #5 Oklahoma 14 #3 North Carolina 6 82,000 notes
January 2, 1950 #2 Oklahoma 35 #9 LSU 0 82,470 notes
January 1, 1951 #7 Kentucky 13 #1 Oklahoma 7 82,000 notes
January 1, 1952 #3 Maryland 28 #1 Tennessee 13 82,000 notes
January 1, 1953 #2 Georgia Tech 24 #7 Ole Miss 7 82,000 notes
January 1, 1954 #8 Georgia Tech 42 #10 West Virginia 19 76,000 notes
January 1, 1955 #5 Navy 21 #6 Ole Miss 0 82,000 notes
January 2, 1956 #7 Georgia Tech 7 #11 Pittsburgh 0 80,175 notes
January 1, 1957 #11 Baylor 13 #2 Tennessee 7 81,000 notes
January 1, 1958 #7 Ole Miss 39 #11 Texas 7 82,000 notes
January 1, 1959 #1 LSU 7 #12 Clemson 0 82,000 notes
January 1, 1960 #2 Ole Miss 21 #3 LSU 0 83,000 notes
January 2, 1961 #2 Ole Miss 14 Rice 6 82,851 notes
January 1, 1962 #1 Alabama 10 #9 Arkansas 3 82,910 notes
January 1, 1963 #3 Ole Miss 17 #6 Arkansas 13 82,900 notes
January 1, 1964 #8 Alabama 12 #7 Ole Miss 7 80,785 notes
January 1, 1965 #7 LSU 13 Syracuse 10 65,000 notes
January 1, 1966 #6 Missouri 20 Florida 18 67,421 notes
January 2, 1967 #6 Alabama 34 #3 Nebraska 7 82,000 notes
January 1, 1968 LSU 20 #5 Wyoming 13 78,963 notes
January 1, 1969 #9 Arkansas 16 #4 Georgia 2 82,113 notes
January 1, 1970 #13 Ole Miss 27 #3 Arkansas 22 82,500 notes
January 1, 1971 #4 Tennessee 34 #11 Air Force 13 78,655 notes
January 1, 1972 #3 Oklahoma 40 #5 Auburn 22 84,031 notes
December 31, 1972 #2 Oklahoma 14 #5 Penn State 0 80,123 notes
December 31, 1973 #3 Notre Dame 24 #1 Alabama 23 85,161 notes
December 31, 1974 #8 Nebraska 13 #18 Florida 10 67,890 notes
December 31, 1975 #3 Alabama 13 #7 Penn State 6 75,212 notes
January 1, 1977 #1 Pittsburgh 27 #4 Georgia 3 76,117 notes
January 2, 1978 #3 Alabama 35 #9 Ohio State 6 76,811 notes
January 1, 1979 #2 Alabama 14 #1 Penn State 7 76,824 notes
January 1, 1980 #2 Alabama 24 #6 Arkansas 9 77,486 notes
January 1, 1981 #1 Georgia 17 #7 Notre Dame 10 77,895 notes
January 1, 1982 #10 Pittsburgh 24 #2 Georgia 20 77,224 notes
January 1, 1983 #2 Penn State 27 #1 Georgia 23 78,124 notes
January 2, 1984 #3 Auburn 9 #8 Michigan 7 77,893 notes
January 1, 1985 #5 Nebraska 28 #11 LSU 10 75,608 notes
January 1, 1986 #8 Tennessee 35 #2 Miami 7 77,432 notes
January 1, 1987 #6 Nebraska 30 #5 LSU 15 76,234 notes
January 1, 1988 #4 Syracuse 16 #6 Auburn 16 75,495 notes
January 2, 1989 #4 Florida State 13 #7 Auburn 7 61,934 notes
January 1, 1990 #2 Miami 33 #7 Alabama 25 77,452 notes
January 1, 1991 #6 Tennessee 23 Virginia 22 75,132 notes
January 1, 1992 #18 Notre Dame 39 #3 Florida 28 76,447 notes
January 1, 1993[b] #2 Alabama 34 #1 Miami 13 76,789 notes
January 1, 1994 #8 Florida 41 #3 West Virginia 7 75,437 notes
January 2, 1995 #7 Florida State 23 #5 Florida 17 76,224 notes
December 31, 1995 #13 Virginia Tech 28 #9 Texas 10 70,283 notes
January 2, 1997[c] #3 Florida 52 #1 Florida State 20 78,344 notes
January 1, 1998 #4 Florida State 31 #9 Ohio State 14 67,289 notes
January 1, 1999 #3 Ohio State 24 #8 Texas A&M 14 76,503 notes
January 4, 2000[d] #1 Florida State 46 #2 Virginia Tech 29 79,280 notes
January 2, 2001 #2 Miami 37 #7 Florida 20 64,407 notes
January 1, 2002 #12 LSU 47 #7 Illinois 34 77,688 notes
January 1, 2003 #4 Georgia 26 #16 Florida State 13 74,269 notes
January 4, 2004[d] #2 LSU 21 #3 Oklahoma 14 79,342 notes
January 3, 2005 #3 Auburn 16 #9 Virginia Tech 13 77,349 notes
January 2, 2006[a] #11 West Virginia 38 #8 Georgia 35 74,458 notes
January 3, 2007 #4 LSU 41 #11 Notre Dame 14 77,781 notes
January 1, 2008 #4 Georgia 41 #10 Hawaiʻi 10 74,383 notes
January 2, 2009 #7 Utah 31 #4 Alabama 17 71,872 notes
January 1, 2010 #5 Florida 51 #4 Cincinnati 24 65,207 notes
January 4, 2011[e] #6 Ohio State 31 #8 Arkansas 26 73,879 notes
January 3, 2012 #13 Michigan 23 #17 Virginia Tech 20 64,512 notes
January 2, 2013 #22 Louisville 33 #4 Florida 23 54,178 notes
January 2, 2014 #10 Oklahoma 45 #3 Alabama 31 70,473 notes
January 1, 2015[f] #5 Ohio State 42 #1 Alabama 35 74,682 notes
January 1, 2016 #16 Ole Miss 48 #13 Oklahoma State 20 72,117 notes
January 2, 2017 #7 Oklahoma 35 #17 Auburn 19 54,077 notes
January 1, 2018[f] #4 Alabama 24 #1 Clemson 6 72,360 notes
January 1, 2019 #14 Texas 28 #6 Georgia 21 71,449 notes
  1. ^ a b c Temporarily relocated because of the damage from Hurricane Katrina.
  2. ^ Denotes Bowl Coalition Championship game
  3. ^ Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship game
  4. ^ a b Denotes BCS National Championship Game
  5. ^ Ohio State vacated its victory over Arkansas due to NCAA sanctions
  6. ^ a b Denotes College Football Playoff semifinal game

Future games[edit]

Season Date Day
Future game dates[17][18]
2019 January 1, 2020 Wednesday
2020dagger January 1, 2021 Friday
2021 January 1, 2022 Saturday
2022 January 2, 2023 Monday
2023dagger January 1, 2024 Monday
2024 January 1, 2025 Wednesday
2025 January 1, 2026 Thursday

dagger denotes game is a College Football Playoff semifinal

Most Outstanding Players (Miller-Digby Award)[edit]

The Miller-Digby Award is presented to the Most Outstanding Player (MOP) in the Sugar Bowl, as voted by sports journalists covering the game. The award was initially established in 1948 following the death of Warren V. Miller, the first president of the Bowl; it was renamed the Miller-Digby Memorial Trophy in 1959, to also honor Fred J. Digby, the first general manager and fellow founding member of the Bowl.[19]

dagger Terrelle Pryor was later ruled ineligible and his statistics for the 2010 season, including the 2011 Sugar Bowl, were vacated.[20]

Appearances by team[edit]

Updated through the January 2019 edition (85 games, 170 total appearances).

Teams with multiple appearances
Rank Team Appearances Record
1 Alabama 16 9–7
2 LSU 13 6–7
3 Georgia 10 4–6
T4 Florida 9 3–6
T4 Ole Miss 9 6-3
6 Oklahoma 8 6–2
7 Tennessee 7 4–3
T8 Florida State 6 4–2
T8 Auburn 6 2–3–1
T8 Arkansas 6 1–5
11 Ohio State 5 3–2
T12 Georgia Tech 4 4–0
T12 Nebraska 4 3–1
T12 Miami 4 2–2
T12 Notre Dame 4 2–2
T12 Texas 4 2–2
T12 Penn State 4 1–3
T12 Virginia Tech 4 1–3
T19 Pittsburgh 3 2–1
T19 West Virginia 3 1–2
T21 Santa Clara 2 2–0
T21 TCU 2 2–0
T21 Oklahoma State 2 1–1
T21 Michigan 2 1–1
T21 Missouri 2 1–1
T21 Texas A&M 2 1–1
T21 Tulane 2 1–1
T21 Syracuse 2 0–1–1
T21 Clemson 2 0–2
T21 North Carolina 2 0–2
T21 Tulsa 2 0–2
Teams with a single appearance

Won (9): Baylor, Boston College, Duke, Fordham, Kentucky, Louisville, Maryland, Navy, Utah
Lost (10): Air Force, Carnegie Tech, Cincinnati, Hawai'i, Illinois, Rice, Saint Mary's (CA), Temple, Virginia, Wyoming

Record by conference[edit]

Updated through the January 2019 edition (85 games, 170 total appearances).

Rank Conference Games Wins Losses Ties Win pct.
1 SEC 78 40 37 1 .519
2 Independent 25 12 12 1 .500
3 SWC 13 6 7 0 .462
4 Big Eight 11 8 3 0 .727
5 ACC 10 3 7 0 .300
T6 Big East 8 4 4 0 .500
T6 Big Ten 8 4 4 0 .500
8 Big 12 6 3 3 0 .500
9 SoCon 5 2 3 0 .500
10 MVC 3 1 2 0 .333
11 WAC 2 0 2 0 .000
12 Mountain West 1 1 0 0 1.000
The Pac-12 and its predecessors (e.g. PCC) have never appeared in the Sugar Bowl.

Game records[edit]

Team Record, Team vs. Opponent Year
Most points scored (one team) 52, Florida vs. Florida State 1997
Most points scored (losing team) 35, shared by:
Georgia vs. West Virginia
Alabama vs. Ohio State
 
2006
2015
Most points scored (both teams) 81, LSU (47) vs. Illinois (34) 2002
Fewest points allowed 0, eight times, most recent:
Oklahoma vs. Penn State
 
Dec. 1972
Largest margin of victory 35, Oklahoma (35) vs. LSU (0) 1950
Total yards 659, Florida (482 pass, 177 rush) vs. Cincinnati 2010
Rushing yards 439, Oklahoma vs. Auburn Jan. 1972
Passing yards 482, Florida vs. Cincinnati 2010
First downs 32, LSU vs. Illinois 2002
Fewest yards allowed 74, Ole Miss vs. LSU (-15 rush, 89 pass) 1960
Fewest rushing yards allowed -39, Tennessee vs. Tulsa 1943
Fewest passing yards allowed 0, three times, most recent:
Pittsburgh vs. Georgia Tech
 
1956
Individual Record, Player, Team vs. Opponent Year
All-purpose yards 282, Kevin Williams, Miami (FL) vs. Alabama 1993
Touchdowns (all-purpose) 4, Domanick Davis, LSU vs. Illinois 2002
Rushing yards 230, Ezekiel Elliott, Ohio State vs. Alabama 2015
Rushing touchdowns 4, Domanick Davis, LSU vs. Illinois 2002
Passing yards 482, Tim Tebow, Florida vs. Cincinnati 2010
Passing touchdowns 4, shared by four QBs, most recent:
Chad Kelly, Ole Miss vs. Oklahoma State
 
2016
Receiving yards 239, Josh Reed, LSU vs. Illinois 2002
Receiving touchdowns 3, shared by:
Ike Hilliard, Florida vs. Florida State
Laquon Treadwell, Ole Miss vs. Oklahoma State
 
1997
2016
Tackles 20, Tom Cousineau, Ohio State vs. Alabama 1978
Sacks 3, shared by six players, most recent:
Eric Striker, Oklahoma vs. Alabama
 
2014
Interceptions 3, shared by three players, most recent:
Bobby Johns, Alabama vs. Nebraska
 
1967
Long Plays Record, Player, Team vs. Opponent Year
Touchdown run 92, Ray Brown, Ole Miss vs. Texas 1958
Touchdown pass 82, Ike Hilliard from Danny Wuerffel, Florida vs. Florida State Jan. 1995
Kickoff return 100, Andre Debose, Florida vs. Louisville 2013
Punt return 78, Kevin Williams, Miami (FL) vs. Alabama 1993
Interception return 80, Hugh Morrow, Alabama vs. Duke 1945
Fumble return 26, shared by:
Bobby Jackson, Illinois vs. LSU
Geneo Grissom, Oklahoma vs. Alabama
 
2002
2014
Punt 76, Glenn Dobbs, Tulsa vs. Tennessee 1943
Field goal 53, Oklahoma vs. Auburn Jan. 1972
Miscellaneous Record, Team vs. Team Year
Game attendance 85,161, Notre Dame vs. Alabama 1973

Source: [21]

Broadcasting[edit]

In recent years, television broadcast rights to the Sugar Bowl have been part of the BCS contract. From 1999–2006, the game aired on ABC as part of its BCS package, where it had also been televised from 1969 through 1998. The Sugar Bowl was the only Bowl Alliance game to stick with ABC following the 1995, 1996 and 1997 seasons; the Fiesta and Orange Bowls were televised by CBS. Prior to that, NBC aired the game for several years. From 2006 to 2010, Fox broadcast the game, while ESPN picked up the Sugar Bowl after picking up the rest of the BCS beginning in the 2009–10 season.[12] For 2013, ESPN Deportes introduced a Spanish language telecast of the game.[22]

In November 2012, ESPN announced that it had reached a deal to maintain broadcast rights to the Sugar Bowl through 2026. ESPN pays $55 million yearly to broadcast the game beginning in the 2014–15 season under the new contract, which took effect upon the establishment of the College Football Playoff. ESPN made a similar deal to maintain broadcast rights to the Orange Bowl following the discontinuation of the BCS as well.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016-2017 College Football Bowl Game Schedule". CollegeFootballPoll.com. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  2. ^ "{title}" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  3. ^ a b "New Orleans to host Big 12-SEC game". ESPN. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
  4. ^ Murphy, Austin, and Dan Wetzel, "Does It Matter?", Sports Illustrated, 15 November 2010, p. 45.
  5. ^ "Tournament of Roses History". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Archived from the original on 2 December 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
  6. ^ "History of the Orange Bowl". FedEx Orange Bowl. Archived from the original on 3 November 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
  7. ^ "Sugar Bowl History". Allstate Sugar Bowl. Archived from the original on 23 February 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
  8. ^ Mulé, Marty - A Time For Change: Bobby Grier And The 1956 Sugar Bowl Archived 2007-06-10 at the Wayback Machine. Black Athlete Sports Network, December 28, 2005
  9. ^ *Zeise, Paul - Bobby Grier broke bowl's color line. The Panthers' Bobby Grier was the first African-American to play in Sugar Bowl Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 07, 2005
  10. ^ Thamel, Pete - Grier Integrated a Game and Earned the World's Respect. New York Times, Published: January 1, 2006.
  11. ^ "Rome News-Tribune - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
  12. ^ a b "Fox Sports pulls out of bidding to show BCS games". 18 November 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Selection Procedures". BCS. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2006.
  14. ^ "Ohio State vacating Sugar Bowl win, other 2010 victories". WWL-TV. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  15. ^ "SEC, Big 12 use bowl game deal to get leverage in BCS playoff - Stewart Mandel - SI.com". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 2012-05-18. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  16. ^ "Bowl/All Star Game Records" (PDF). NCAA. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  17. ^ "2019-2020 College Football Playoff, New Year's Six, Bowl Schedule, Conference Matchups". CollegeFootballNews.com. January 14, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  18. ^ "Dates Announced for College Football Playoff Games Through 2026". collegefootballplayoff.com (Press release). August 30, 2018. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  19. ^ "Miller-Digby Award". allstatesugarbowl.org. 2018. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  20. ^ Lange, Randy (April 2, 2018). "Terrelle Pryor by the Numbers". newyorkjets.com. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  21. ^ "2019 History & Record Book" (PDF). allstatesugarbowl.org. pp. 68–77. Retrieved January 21, 2019 – via netdna-ssl.com.
  22. ^ "BCS National Championship and Bowl Games on ESPN Deportes". ESPN. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  23. ^ "ESPN Reaches 12-Year College Football Agreement With Orange Bowl". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 16 November 2012.

External links[edit]