|Single by Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs|
|from the album Sugar Shack|
|B-side||"My Heart Is Free"|
|Recorded||1963, Norman Petty Studios, Clovis, N.M.|
|Genre||Garage rock, rock and roll|
"Sugar Shack" is a song written in 1962 by Keith McCormack. McCormack gave songwriting credit to his aunt, Faye Voss, after asking what "those tight pants that girls wear" to which she replied "leotards". The song was recorded in 1963 by Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs at Norman Petty Studios in Clovis, New Mexico. The unusual and distinctive organ part was played by Petty on a Hammond Solovox, Model J. The original instrument can still be viewed on display at the Norman Petty Studios today.
"Sugar Shack" hit No. 1 on both the Billboard Hot 100 (where it spent five weeks from October 12 to November 9, 1963) and Cashbox singles charts (where it spent three weeks from October 19 to November 2, 1963). It ended up being Billboard's number 1 song of 1963 ("Surfin' U.S.A." was originally listed as the number 1 song of the year, but later lists place "Sugar Shack" as the number one song of 1963). Its run on the Billboard R&B chart was cut short because Billboard ceased publishing an R&B chart from November 30, 1963 to January 23, 1965. "Sugar Shack" has the distinction of being the last single to make it to No. 1 on the Billboard R&B chart because Billboard did not publish an R&B chart for fourteen months. In Canada the song was No. 1, also for five weeks, from October 14 to November 11. On November 29, 1963, the song received RIAA certification for selling over a million copies, earning gold record status. "Sugar Shack" also hit the UK at No. 45 on the Record Retailer chart. Gilmer and The Fireballs were the last American band to chart before Beatlemania hit.
In December 1965, the song was covered by a singer from the Midlands area of the UK, Steve Brett and was released on the Columbia label (with the catalogue number DB7794) as the B-side of his single Chains on my heart. The group would include Noddy Holder who eventually came to fame with Slade.
- Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits. New York: Billboard Books. p. 138. ISBN 0823076776. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Strange sounds: offbeat instruments and sonic experiments in pop, by Mark Brend. Retrieved 2011-02-02.
- "Jimmy Gilmer and The Fireballs Sugar Shack Chart History", Billboard.com. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
- "Cash Box Top Singles – 1963". Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "The Billboard Hot 100 - 1963". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 20, 2006. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
- "Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits. New York: Billboard Books. p. 138. ISBN 0823076776. Retrieved 3 July 2012".
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 803.
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