|Location||Gulf of Mexico|
|Adjacent bodies of water||Florida Straits|
Sugarloaf Key is a single island in the lower Florida Keys that forms a loop on the Atlantic Ocean side giving the illusion of separate islands. Although frequently referred to simply and with technical accuracy as "Sugarloaf Key", this island contains two distinct island communities, known as Lower Sugarloaf Key and Upper Sugarloaf Key.
The name Sugarloaf, is variously attributed as arising from either an Indian mound on the east side of Upper Sugarloaf Key, north of the present highway was said to look like an old-fashioned loaf of sugar or from the variety of pineapple called "sugarloaf" that was once grown in the area. These pineapples are rarely in commercial use any longer since they are soft and do not travel well. The unincorporated community of Pirates Cove on the island was the location of one of the stations of the Overseas Railroad.
The island is somewhat "U"-shaped, with Upper Sugarloaf Sound and Park Key separating the island into Upper Sugarloaf Key and Lower Sugarloaf Key. So called, upper and lower, simply referencing the relative nature of their geographic positions, not as distinct islands. Lower Sugarloaf Key is about 13 mi (21 km) from Key West, between Park Key and Saddlebunch Keys and Upper Sugarloaf Key is about 15 mi (24 km) east of Key West, between Park Key and Cudjoe Key. Though Lower Sugarloaf Key has a greater density of population it is smaller in area than Upper Sugarloaf Key.
Plant species native to the island include buttonwood, poisonwood, sea grape and thatch palm. Of fauna, ibises are found on the island, and dolphins, parrotfish, snapper, barracuda and octopus can be seen in the local waters.
Lower Sugarloaf Key has family owned Sugarloaf Lodge and restaurant, an airport, Sugarloaf Volunteer Fire Station, and Sugarloaf Key Bat Tower.
Upper Sugarloaf Key has two public schools, a church, restaurant, commercial offices, public campground and the Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge.
Sugarloaf Key is already part of the Overseas Highway and will soon join other islands of the Florida Keys as part of the Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail connecting mainland Florida to Key West via bicycle path(s).
- "The Good Family Welcomes You to Sugarloaf Lodge". Sugarloaf Lodge. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- Ehrenreich, Barbara (July 2009). "Sugarloaf Key, Florida: Keeping Good Company". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- Farren 2003
- "Sugarloaf Key Resort KOA Kampground". Inside Florida. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- Farren, Rick (2003). Highroad Guide to the Florida Keys and Everglades. John F. Blair. ISBN 9780895872807. OCLC 947133946.
- Horn, Jim (25 March 2007). "Sugarloaf Key's Historic resources" (PDF). Historic Florida Keys Foundation. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- "Sugarloaf Beach Ecological/Historical Conservation Project" (PDF). Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- Wilkinson, Jerry. "History of Sugarloaf Key". Keys Historeum. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- Media related to Sugarloaf Key at Wikimedia Commons