Sugarloaf Mountain (South Carolina)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sugarloaf Mountain
The View from the Top.jpg
Sugarloaf Mountain, SC
Highest point
Elevation467.8 feet (142.6 m) [1]
Prominence100+ ft
Coordinates34°35′17″N 080°07′09″W / 34.58806°N 80.11917°W / 34.58806; -80.11917Coordinates: 34°35′17″N 080°07′09″W / 34.58806°N 80.11917°W / 34.58806; -80.11917
Geography
Sugarloaf Mountain is located in Chesterfield County near Patrick, SC
Sugarloaf Mountain is located in Chesterfield County near Patrick, SC
Sugarloaf Mountain
Location in Chesterfield County, SC
LocationChesterfield County, South Carolina
Parent rangeSandhills (Carolina)
Geology
Age of rockLate Cretaceous[2]
Mountain typeSandstone
Climbing
Easiest routeStairway and trail to summit

Sugarloaf Mountain near the town of Patrick (Chesterfield County, South Carolina) is an unusual hill, known locally as "The Mountain," that towers a hundred feet above the surrounding terrain.[3] This site is located within the Sand Hills State Forest, just off US highway 1, near Patrick, South Carolina in the Carolina Sandhills region of the U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain province.

Geology[edit]

On published geologic maps of the area, Sugarloaf Mountain is mapped as part of the Middendorf Formation, a sequence of sandstone, pebbly sandstone, sand, silt, and clay that are interpreted as fluvial (river) deposits that accumulated during the Cretaceous Period.[4][5] While much of the mountain is composed of unconsolidated to semi-consolidated beds of quartz-rich sand, silt, and clay, outcrops and boulders of iron-cemented, pebbly sandstone can be found both on the mountain-side and the immediate vicinity. The iron-rich cement holding these sandstones together likely precipitated from groundwater interactions.

Biology[edit]

Wildlife is abundant. Flora/Fauna include whitetail deer, turkeys, quail, wood ducks, fish, black squirrels and flying squirrels as well as rhodadendron, moss, lichen, ferns. Some of these plants are rare for the area. The Red-cockaded woodpecker resides here. You might even see a Pine Barrens Tree Frog. Hunting is allowed in a few areas as it's treated as a Wildlife Management Area of South Carolina.

There are Timber Rattlesnakes, Black Racers, and Water Moccasins during the spring, summer, and fall.

Iron-cemented sandstones of the Middendorf Formation near the base of Sugarloaf Mountain.

Camping[edit]

Ironstone/Lava rock
Iron-cemented sandstones.

There are plenty of primitive camping sites(16 total).[6] You must reserve them in advance. Call (843) 498-6478 to reserve. They are 15 dollars a night for sheltered sites, 10 dollars for non sheltered sites. There is no electricity or water/sewage. However, there are two small outhouses located at Site 1 and Site 6. There is plenty of acreage at each site to set up multiple tents. Keep fires contained in the provided fire pits. Do not create fires outside of the pits as there are only Pine Trees and straw on the ground which can ignite quickly. There is also plenty of room for to throw football or baseball, play frisbee golf, cornhole, or create a game and play i.e. such as botchi-golf.

Hiking[edit]

There are a few marked hiking trails. The woods are wide open with little underbrush. The sand makes for very easy primitive hikes around the "mountain." Take sufficient beverages and water because of the length of hikes. Be cautious and alert for wildlife To get to the base of the mountain, stop just past camp site number 6 and it is on the left. There's a parking area to indicate this. Also, directly across from the main "mountain", there is also what is known locally as, "Little Sugarloaf." It's a little harder to find, so look for the small sign to ascend. The view is not quite as good though.

Nature Trail Details
Length: 1.7 miles to about 2.1
Type: Loop
Surface: Natural, Sand
Difficulty: Moderate
Temperatures
Seasons and best times to go
Summer Avg: 92° / 69°
Fall Avg: 85° / 63°
Winter Avg: 59° / 33°
Spring: 76° / 49°

Horses[edit]

"Trails of red clay and patches of white sand through an assorted forest of new and old growth dogwoods, pine, and hardwoods. During your ride you may encounter deer, fox squirrels, turkey, and possibly an elusive red cockaded woodpecker. All of the trails have something special.[7]

The Pine Barrens Wagon Trail is in service (though not used often). This trail is unique in that it was devoted to horse drawn wagons and buggies. Occasional creeks along the trails provide water for your horse, but even though there are facilities at the trailheads, due to the length of these trails, you might want to carry water for yourself."[7]

Horses do not have to be shod. During warm months, insect repellent is also recommended as there can be mosquitoes and other pesky bugs.

Fishing[edit]

Nearby, there is a large pond, (no swimming), that contains fish such as bream, redbreast, and crappie. An occasional small catfish may be caught. No outboards are allowed, but canoes and kayaks are welcome.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NGS Datasheet for PID AA5842". Retrieved 7 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "USGS GEOLEX". https://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Geolex/UnitRefs/MiddendorfRefs_2755.html. External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ "Sugarloaf Mountain". www.sctrails.net. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  4. ^ Swezey, C.S., Fitzwater, B.A., and Whittecar, G.R., 2016, Geology and geomorphology of the Carolina Sandhills, Chesterfield County, South Carolina, in: Gold, Structures, and Landforms in Central South Carolina (W.R. Doar III, ed.), Geological Society of America Field Guide 42, p. 9-36.
  5. ^ "Geolex — Middendorf publications". ngmdb.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  6. ^ "Sand Hills State Forest Sugarloaf Mountain Camping Areas". www.state.sc.us. Retrieved 2018-12-03.
  7. ^ a b "Sugarloaf Mountain". www.sctrails.net. Retrieved 2018-12-02.