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Sugauli is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°47′N 84°44′E / 26.783°N 84.733°E / 26.783; 84.733Coordinates: 26°47′N 84°44′E / 26.783°N 84.733°E / 26.783; 84.733
Country  India
State Bihar
District Purvi Champaran
Population (2011)
 • Total 38,815
 • Official Maithili, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Lok Sabha constituency Paschim Champaran
Vidhan Sabha constituency Sugauli

Sugauli is a city and a notified area in East Champaran district of Bihar. It is the setting for Rudyard Kipling's story "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" (spelled as "Segowlee" in said story), and the place where a treaty was signed with Nepal in 1816.


As of 2011 India census,[1] Sugauli town had a population of 38,815. Sugauli is a Nagar Panchayat city in district of Purbi Champaran, Bihar. The Sugauli city is divided into 20 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Sugauli Nagar Panchayat has population of 38,815 of which 20,584 are males while 18,231 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 7810 which is 20.12% of total population of Sugauli (NP). In Sugauli Nagar Panchayat, Female Sex Ratio is of 886 against state average of 918. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Sugauli is around 937 compared to Bihar state average of 935. Literacy rate of Sugauli city is 64.90% higher than state average of 61.80%. In Sugauli, Male literacy is around 73.45% while female literacy rate is 55.10%. Sugauli Nagar Panchayat has total administration over 7,480 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Nagar Panchayat limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.


Sugauli has great role in India's independence war. Sugauli is the part of SATYAGRAHA movement what GANDHI JI has started from the Champaran, and that movement inspired a lot of youth at that time to contribute for the nation and few of them were Janardan Pandey and Babulal Mishra from Sugauli, Laxmi Narayan Jha, Upendra Jha, Ramesh Chandra Jha, Sukham Mishra from Phulwaria. Yamuna kant Jha from Sugaon. Sugauli is also known for Sugauli Treaty, which was signed between British India and Nepal in March 1816.


Ramesh Chandra Jha

Anuranjan Jha


There are 16 Gram Panchayats in sugauli block.


North Sugaon

South Sugaon

North Sripur

South Sripur



North Chhapra Bahas

South Chhapra Bahas

Sukul Pakar

North Mansingha

South Mansingha




Karmawa Raghunathpur


There are many villages around 100 in Sugauli block. Some of important villages are as follows:

Chhapwa: It connects Motihari with Bettiah via NH 28, Sugaon : Earlier it was a capital of Tirhut region (as per Gazetteer),Bhathan, Phulwaria, Panjiyarwa, Karmwa and many small villages.


Sugauli is connected by road to Motihari, Bettiah and Raxaul towns. It has a railway station on the Gorakhpur-Narkatiaganj-Muzaffarpur railway line. It does not have an airport.

See also[edit]

Sugauli Treaty

Ramesh Chandra Jha

Anuranjan Jha