Sugnens

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Sugnens
Former municipality of Switzerland
Coat of arms of Sugnens
Coat of arms
Sugnens is located in Switzerland
Sugnens
Sugnens
Sugnens is located in Canton of Vaud
Sugnens
Sugnens
Coordinates: 46°39′N 6°40′E / 46.650°N 6.667°E / 46.650; 6.667Coordinates: 46°39′N 6°40′E / 46.650°N 6.667°E / 46.650; 6.667
Country Switzerland
Canton Vaud
District Gros-de-Vaud
Area
 • Total 2.69 km2 (1.04 sq mi)
Elevation 672 m (2,205 ft)
Population
 • Total 309
 • Density 110/km2 (300/sq mi)
Postal code 1043
SFOS number 5536
Surrounded by Fey, Naz, Poliez-le-Grand, Villars-le-Terroir
Website www.sugnens.ch
Profile (French), SFSO statistics

Sugnens is a former municipality in the district of Gros-de-Vaud in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.

The municipalities of Dommartin, Naz, Poliez-le-Grand and Sugnens merged on 1 July 2011 into the new municipality of Montilliez.[1]

History[edit]

Sugnens is first mentioned in 1177 as Sugnens.[2]

Geography[edit]

Sugnens has an area, as of 2009, of 2.69 square kilometres (1.04 sq mi). Of this area, 1.84 km2 (0.71 sq mi) or 68.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.66 km2 (0.25 sq mi) or 24.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.18 km2 (0.069 sq mi) or 6.7% is settled (buildings or roads).[3]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.7% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.6%. Out of the forested land, 23.4% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.1% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 50.2% is used for growing crops and 17.5% is pastures.[3]

The municipality was part of the Echallens District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and Sugnens became part of the new district of Gros-de-Vaud.[4]

It consists of the village of Sugnens and the hamlets of Monteilly and Pre Morex.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per pale Argent and Gules, two Scytheblades addorsed counterchanged.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Sugnens has a population (as of 2009) of 309.[6] As of 2008, 9.1% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 39.2%. It has changed at a rate of 32.4% due to migration and at a rate of 7.7% due to births and deaths.[6]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (218 or 93.6%), with German being second most common (7 or 3.0%) and Italian being third (3 or 1.3%).[8]

Of the population in the municipality 74 or about 31.8% were born in Sugnens and lived there in 2000. There were 101 or 43.3% who were born in the same canton, while 31 or 13.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 25 or 10.7% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

In 2008 there was 1 live birth to Swiss citizens and 1 birth to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there was 1 death of a Swiss citizen. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens remained the same while the foreign population increased by 1. At the same time, there were 1 non-Swiss woman who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 17 and the non-Swiss population increased by 9 people. This represents a population growth rate of 9.6%.[7]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in Sugnens is; 52 children or 16.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 33 teenagers or 10.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 23 people or 7.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 49 people or 15.9% are between 30 and 39, 54 people or 17.5% are between 40 and 49, and 40 people or 12.9% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 35 people or 11.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 15 people or 4.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 6 people or 1.9% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 2 people or 0.6% who are 90 and older.[9]

As of 2000, there were 100 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 111 married individuals, 9 widows or widowers and 13 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.57 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.61 per room.[6] In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[10] About 62.2% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[11]

As of 2000, there were 89 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.6 persons per household.[6] There were 20 households that consist of only one person and 7 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 93 households that answered this question, 21.5% were households made up of just one person. Of the rest of the households, there are 23 married couples without children, 34 married couples with children There were 9 single parents with a child or children. There were 3 households that were made up of unrelated people and 4 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[8]

In 2000 there were 38 single family homes (or 54.3% of the total) out of a total of 70 inhabited buildings. There were 7 multi-family buildings (10.0%), along with 23 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (32.9%) and 2 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (2.9%). Of the single family homes 7 were built before 1919, while 14 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of multi-family homes (2) were built before 1919 and again between 1961 and 1970[12]

In 2000 there were 92 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 5 rooms of which there were 21. There were 5 single room apartments and 43 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 82 apartments (89.1% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 6 apartments (6.5%) were seasonally occupied and 4 apartments (4.3%) were empty.[12] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 16.2 new units per 1000 residents.[6] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.83%.[6]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[2][13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 34.88% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (18%), the Green Party (10.75%) and the SP (9.72%). In the federal election, a total of 112 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 58.6%.[14]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Sugnens had an unemployment rate of 4%. As of 2008, there were 25 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 10 businesses involved in this sector. 16 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 5 businesses in this sector. 11 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[6] There were 128 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 48.4% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 40. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 16, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 15 of which 3 or (20.0%) were in manufacturing and 13 (86.7%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 9. In the tertiary sector; 2 or 22.2% were in the sale or repair of motor vehicles, 3 or 33.3% were in a hotel or restaurant, 1 was the insurance or financial industry, 2 or 22.2% were in education.[15]

In 2000, there were 11 workers who commuted into the municipality and 93 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 8.5 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[16] Of the working population, 14.8% used public transportation to get to work, and 60.2% used a private car.[6]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 47 or 20.2% were Roman Catholic, while 159 or 68.2% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.86% of the population), and there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. There was 1 individual who was Islamic. 18 (or about 7.73% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 5 individuals (or about 2.15% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Sugnens about 90 or (38.6%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 40 or (17.2%) have completed additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule). Of the 40 who completed tertiary schooling, 60.0% were Swiss men, 32.5% were Swiss women.[8]

In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 44 students in the Sugnens school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[17] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 296 children of which 96 children (32.4%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 28 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 15 students in those schools. There were also 1 students who were home schooled or attended another non-traditional school.[18]

As of 2000, there were 10 students in Sugnens who came from another municipality, while 26 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 17 February 2011
  2. ^ a b Sugnens in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 4 April 2011
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 3 June 2011
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 3 June 2011
  7. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e f STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office (French) accessed 29 April 2011
  10. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (pdf). 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  11. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  12. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  17. ^ Organigramme de l'école vaudoise, année scolaire 2009-2010 (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  18. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition (French) accessed 2 May 2011