Numanggang language

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Native to Papua New Guinea
Native speakers
2,300 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nop
Glottolog numa1254[2]

Numanggang (Manggang) is a language of Papua New Guinea. Other names are Boana, Kai, Ngain, Sugu. Numanggang is preferred over Tok Pisin in the village court because its use is believed to have a calming effect on proceedings.[1]

The letter Ɋ[edit]

The letter Ɋ, also known as Q with hook tail, was introduced by Lutheran missionaries in Papua New Guinea for use in the Numanggang language in the 1930s or 1940s. In 2002, it was decided to discontinue using Q with hook tail.


  1. ^ a b Numanggang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Numanggang". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.