Sugunia

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Sugunia was the first capital of Arame of Urartu. The city was mentioned in an inscription by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III, who destroyed it in 858 BCE.[1]

The Monolith Inscription of Shalmaneser III:

To the city of Sugunia, the stronghold of Aram of the land of Ararat, I advanced the city, I besieged, I took. Many of their warriors I slew.[2]

Although its exact location is unknown, Shalamaneser III's placement of Sugunia near "the sea of Nairi" has led some scholars to place it near Lake Van[3][4][5] or near Lake Urmia.[6][7]

After Sugunia was sacked and burnt by Shalmaneser III, Arame moved his capital to Arzashkun, which was subsequently attacked by the Assyrians in 856 BCE.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Origins of the Urartians in the Light of the Van/Karagündüz Excavations, by Veli Sevin, p.159
  2. ^ The Monolith Inscription of Salmaneser II, by James A. Craig, p.207
  3. ^ Robert Rollinger. "From Sargon of Agade and the Assyrian Kings to Khusrau I and Beyond". p. 727. 2012. https://www.academia.edu/1817630/Robert_Rollinger_From_Sargon_of_Agade_and_the_Assyrian_Kings_to_Khusrau_I_and_beyond_on_the_persistence_of_Ancient_Near_Eastern_Traditions_In_Giovanni_B_Lanfranchi_Daniele_Morandi_Bonacossi_C_Pappi_Simonetta_Ponchia_Eds_LEGGO_Studies_presented_to_Prof_Frederick_Mario_Fales_on_the_Occasion_of_his_65th_Birthday_Leipziger_Altorientalische_Studien_2_Wiesbaden_Harrassowitz_2012_725_743
  4. ^ John Boardman, ed. The Cambridge Ancient History (3rd Edition). Cambridge University Press. 1982. p. 334. https://archive.org/stream/iB_Ca/03-01_djvu.txt
  5. ^ Mack Chahin. The Kingdom of Armenia: New Edition. Routledge. 2001. https://books.google.com/books?id=uXj_AQAAQBAJ&pg=PT60&lpg=PT60&dq=sugunia+urartu&source=bl&ots=2Gr1hrKPvi&sig=ACfU3U2lC0ziFIfrqcyrByj_Qp7gWf1Srg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwigh_m6veXvAhXILs0KHU0IC7M4HhDoATAGegQIBxAD#v=onepage&q=sugunia%20urartu&f=false
  6. ^ Trevor Bryce. The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 665. 2009.
  7. ^ Kamal-Aldin Niknami, Ali Hozhabri, eds. Archaeology of Iran in the Historical Period. p. 41. 2020.
  8. ^ Trevor Bryce. The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 58. 2009. https://books.google.com/books?id=E1aF0hq1GR8C&pg=PA58&lpg=PA58&dq=Arzashkun+856+destroyed&source=bl&ots=Z9iOk4Nk-u&sig=ACfU3U3C9ta2C99w4tPPoKlTEM6o62fFhA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiUgeDXv-XvAhVoB50JHYFxCxkQ6AEwAnoECAEQAw#v=onepage&q=Arzashkun%20856%20destroyed&f=false