Suicide (1977 album)
|Studio album by Suicide|
|Recorded||Ultima Sound, New York|
|Producer||Craig Leon, Marty Thau|
|Singles from Suicide|
Suicide is the debut album from the American rock band Suicide. It was released in 1977 on Red Star Records and produced by Craig Leon and Marty Thau. The album was recorded in four days at Ultima Sound Studios in New York as the group already had practiced and created songs from their previous five years of music gigs. The album featured songs about urban life and people whom vocalist Alan Vega knew in New York. Vega's vocals on the album were influenced by 1950s rock musicians such as Elvis Presley, while the backing music was provided by Martin Rev who provided a "dense unnerving electronics" sound.
Suicide was released in December 1977. It was greeted with positive reviews from the British press, but with a mixed reception in the United States, where it also failed to chart. In the underground scene, however, the album was instantly regarded as a milestone in rock music. Later, online music site Pitchfork referred to it as one of the greatest albums of the 1970s and Rolling Stone placed it on their list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The album also influenced artists in various genres including Bruce Springsteen, The Fleshtones, Spacemen 3, and Peaches.
Suicide was the first group to sign to Marty Thau's Red Star record label. Thau had previously worked at Paramount Records and Buddah Records and had sold his assets to Richard Gottehrer to create Red Star Records. After hearing a demo tape from Suicide, he asked if he could see Suicide perform live which led to them being signed to Red Star. Red Star hired Craig Leon to co-produce the record.
Suicide entered the studio with much of their songs already written and rehearsed from having spent the previous five years playing shows. The recording of the album was done in four days. Leon had previously worked with reggae musicians Bob Marley and Lee Scratch Perry and seen them create dub like effects with their music and used an Eventide digital delay unit to create these echo effects on the albums vocal tracks. Leon returned to California after four days of work which led to Marty Thau to work on the rest of the production. Alan Vega changed the lyrics of "Frankie Teardrop" during the mixing sessions of the album. Thau remixed the tracks "Ghost Rider", "Rocket USA" and "Cheree". Leon returned to New York where the two remixed "Frankie Teardrop". The album was mastered at Frankford/Wayne in New York.
The vocals on the album provided by Alan Vega have been described as similar to Gene Vincent. Vega has stated that "originally I was a rock'n'roll kid; I was born into the rock'n'roll era of 45s in the late fifties" and that "Elvis Presley to me is like God, and Roy Orbison and Jerry Lee Lewis, they're my triumvirate." "Johnny" was described by the online music database Allmusic as a showcase for the band's "affinity for '50s melodies and images, as well as their pop leanings." All the songs on Suicide have a "stripped down" sound with Martin Rev providing a backing combining "harshly hypnotic organs" and "dense, unnerving electronics".
Martin Rev described the songs "Frankie Teardrop", "Johnny" and "Cheree" as being about street people. "Frankie Teardrop" was influenced by a story Alan Vega read in a newspaper about a factory worker who loses his job and resorts to murdering his wife and child before committing suicide. The lyrics of the song were improvised by Vega, who attempted to get into the mindset of both the factory worker and his family. "Cheree" was about a girlfriend of Martin Rev.
Suicide was released in December 1977. Howard Thompson of Bronze Records in the United Kingdom received a copy of the album from the United States. After listening to it he went to New York to see the group perform live and negotiate a deal to license their music for Bronze. The album failed to chart in both the United States and the United Kingdom. A single for the song "Cheree" was released in May 1978 on both 7-inch and 12-inch vinyl formats. The single featured a remixed version of "Cheree" with the B-Side "I Remember". John Lydon of the Sex Pistols reviewed the single for the NME, referring to it as "Je t'aime with tape hiss".
The album was re-issued by Red Star Records in 1980. The album has been re-released on other labels including Mute Records in 1998 and Blast First Records on compact disc and digital download formats with varying bonus tracks.
Music journalist Tony Fletcher stated that the album "struggled for immediate attention" due to it being an independent release. From contemporary reviews, the album received positive reviews from the NME, Time Out and Melody Maker in the United Kingdom. Music critic Robert Christgau gave the album a C+ rating, stating "there are little problems like lyrics that reduce serious politics to rhetoric, singing that makes rhetoric sound lurid, and the way the manic eccentricity of this duo's live performance turns to silliness on record" Rolling Stone also gave the album a negative review, referring to the album as "absolutely puerile" and Alan Vega's vocals as "nothing but arrogance and wholesale insensibility".
Rolling Stone magazine placed Suicide on their list of the best 500 albums of all time at 441. Online music magazine Pitchfork Media placed the album at number 39 on their list of best albums of the 1970s. Online music database AllMusic gave the album four and a half stars out of five, opining that the album was "Proof that punk was more about attitude than a raw, guitar-driven sound, Suicide's self-titled debut set the duo apart from the rest of the style's self-proclaimed outsiders." Spin gave the album a ten out of ten rating, describing the album as "beyond classic" and that "no one has every come close to replicating its monolithic vibe."
Aftermath and influence
The album was influential in the development of many musical genres, including post-punk, synthpop and industrial rock. Tony Fletcher wrote in All Hopped Up and Ready to Go: Music from the Streets of New York 1927-77 stated would "in it's own way", become as influential as other acclaimed album such as Horses, Ramones and Marquee Moon.
Songs from the album have been featured in various forms of media since the album's initial release. Director Werner Fassbinder contacted Red Star to get the rights for the song "Frankie Teardrop" for his film In a Year of 13 Moons. The song is featured during a party scene. "Cheree" was used by director Edo Bertoglio for his film Downtown 81, a film shot in the early 1980s but not completed until 1999.
Several music artists and groups have covered songs from Suicide. The American group The Fleshtones recorded a cover of "Rocket U.S.A." for their debut album Blast Off!. The album was produced by Marty Thau and when Alan Vega visited him when he was recording the album at Blank Studios, he was invited to sing while the group performed the song. Bruce Springsteen stated that his song "State Trooper" from the album Nebraska was heavily influenced by "Frankie Teardrop". In 2008, a series of EPs were released in tribute to Suicide by various recording artists to celebrate Alan Vega's 70th birthday. Songs from the album that were part of the series included "Johnny" covered by Peaches, "Frankie Teardrop" covered by Lydia Lunch, "Che" by Sunn O))) and Pan Sonic, and "Rocket U.S.A." covered by Nik Void
- "Ghost Rider" – 2:34
- "Rocket U.S.A." – 4:16
- "Cheree" – 3:42
- "Johnny" – 2:11
- "Girl" – 4:05
- "Frankie Teardrop" – 10:26
- "Che" – 4:53
Reissue bonus tracks
- "Cheree (Remix)"
- "I Remember"
- "Keep Your Dreams"
- "Mr Ray" (Live at CBGB's)
- "Las Vegas Man" (Live at CBGB's)
- "96 Tears" (Live at CBGB's)
- "Keep Your Dreams" (Live at CBGB's)
- "I Remember" (Live at CBGB's)
- "Harlem" (Live at CBGB's)
- "23 Minutes Over Brussels"
- Suicide - arrangement
- Timothy Jackson - artwork
- Larry Alexander - engineer
- Martin Rev - keyboards
- Craig Leon - producer
- Marty Thau - producer
- Alan Vega - vocals
- Stiernberg, Bonnie (May 14, 2012). "The 70 Best Albums of the 1970s". Paste. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
- Conflict, Issue 48, Summer 1988
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 83.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 89.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 91.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 90.
- Phares, Heather. "Suicide [First Album] – Suicide". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Graham, Ben (May 12, 2012). "Interview: Martin Rev". The Stool Pigeon. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Turner, Luke (May 4, 2010). "New York Blues: Four Decades Of Suicide, Martin Rev & Alan Vega". The Quietus. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Various authors (2007). The Mojo Collection (4 ed.). Canongate. p. 394. ISBN 184767643X. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 86.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 87.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 119.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 214.
- Popoff, 2010. p.1140
- "Suicide [First Album]". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Taylor 2006, p. 254.
- Christgau, Robert. "Suicide". Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- "Albums". Select: 90. April 1998.
- Gross, Joe (August 1998). "Retro Active". Spin 14 (8). Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- Fletcher 2009, p. 399.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 88.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 96.
- "441 Suicide, 'Suicide'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Richardson, Mark (June 23, 2004). "Top 100 Albums of the 1970s". Pitchfork. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Strong, 2008. p.97
- Crow, Jonathan. "Downtown 81 (2000)". Allmovie. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 121.
- Nobahkt 2004, p. 122.
- Allen, Jim. "Shadazz". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- "Bruce Springsteen & Horrors Kick Off Suicide Tribute Series". The Quietus. September 23, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Murray, Robin (August 5, 2010). "New Peaches Single Due". Clash. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Allen, Jim. "Frankie Teardrop". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- O'Malley, Stephen (June 11, 2009). "Sunn O))) & Pan Sonic". ideologic.org. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Suicide. Suicide. Red Star Records, 1977.
- Strong, Martin (2008). Lights, Camera, Sound Tracks. Cannongate. ISBN 1847670032. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Popoff, Martin (2010). Goldmine Standard Catalog of American Records 1948-1991. Krause Publications. ISBN 1440216215. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Nobahkt, David (2004). Suicide: No Compromise. SAF Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0946719713. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Fletcher, Tony (2009). All Hopped Up and Ready to Go: Music from the Streets of New York 1927-77. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0393076717.
- Taylor, Steve (2006). The A to X of Alternative Music. A&C Black. ISBN 0826482171.