Suicide in Lithuania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Suicide in Lithuania has become a significant national social issue due to its high rate.[1][2]

Causes[edit]

Social and financial problems in Lithuania are thought to be important factors behind the high rate of suicides. According to Onutė Davidonienė, director of the State Mental Health Center, a major reason behind the dramatic rise in suicides over the last decade is the economic and social transition. This can be linked to the Russian economic crisis of 1998 which was prolonging the phenomenon in Lithuania.[3]

Statistics[edit]

According to a web page on world health ratings, in 2014 almost 29 out of 100,000 people in Lithuania committed suicide.[1] In contrast, according to a report of the World Health Organization, in 1995 this number peaked at almost 46 out of 100,000.[2]

Suicide rates (per 100,000), by gender, Lithuania, 1981–2009
Gender 1981 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009
Male 59.4 58.0 44.3 79.1 75.6 68.1 61.3
Female 10.7 12.9 9.7 15.6 16.1 12.9 10.4
Total 33.6 34.1 26.1 45.6 44.1 38.6 34.1
Source: World Health Organization[4]
Number of suicides by age group and gender. Lithuania, 2009
Age (years) 5–14 15–24 25–34 35–44 45–54 55–64 65–74 75+ All
Males 3 109 116 195 233 148 91 57 952
Females 2 16 15 26 39 27 21 40 186
Total 5 125 131 221 272 175 112 97 1138
Source: World Health Organization[4]

Notable Lithuanians who died by suicide[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lithuania's Suicide Epidemic". Insight News TV. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Why Lithuanian Suicide Rates are the Highest in Europe (still)". ilovelithuania.com. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Lithuania still suicide capital". Baltic Times. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Suicide rates (per 100,000), by gender, Lithuania, 1981-2009." (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 3 December 2012.