Suicide in Pakistan

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Suicide in Pakistan is a major public health issue.


Pakistan's suicide rate is below the worldwide average. The 2015 global rate was 6.1 per 100,000 people (in 2008, 11.6). Suicides represent some 0.9% of all deaths.

Pakistan's death rate, as given by the World Bank, is 7.28 per 1000 people in 2016 (the lowest rate in the 2006-2018 period). In 2015, the suicide rate in Pakistan was approximately 1.4 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, one seventh of the global average.[1] Similarly, suicides represent only ~.1.2% of all deaths.


Diagnosing and covering suicide cases is generally difficult due to social stigma and legal issues that envelop the problem. Suicide is prohibited in Islam. Various obstacles restrict open discussion of the phenomenon.[2]

Suicide is a criminal offence under the Pakistan Penal Code, with punitive laws imposed for attempted suicide punishable by a fine of Rs10,000 and/or imprisonment.

National suicide statistics are not compiled on a formal level nor officially reported to the World Health Organization. Unofficial data is neglected and subject to underreporting.[3] While suicide patterns have traditionally been low, the rate has increased steeply.[citation needed]

One analysis of suicide reports over a period of two years, showed over 300 suicide deaths in Pakistan in 35 different cities.[2] The findings showed that males outnumber females by a 2:1 rate, and that the majority of male suicides tended to be unmarried; the rate for females is the opposite. Research indicated that the majority of female suicides were under age 30 and that "domestic problems" were the main stated reason.[2] These include unemployment, health issues, poverty, homelessness, family disputes, depression and a range of social pressures.

Hanging, use of insecticides, and firearms are the most common methods for carrying out suicide in Pakistan.[4]


  1. ^ "Pakistan Death rate - data, chart". Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  2. ^ a b c Khan, Murad Moosa; Reza, Hashim (2000). "The pattern of suicide in Pakistan". Crisis. 21 (1): 31–5. doi:10.1027/0227-5910.21.1.31. PMID 10793469.
  3. ^ Khan, Murad Moosa (1998). "Suicide and attempted suicide in Pakistan". Crisis. 19 (4): 172–6. doi:10.1027/0227-5910.19.4.172. PMID 10331315.
  4. ^ Hassan, Sohaib (February 27, 2009). "Suicide Prevention in Pakistan". Archived from the original on September 22, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2011.[self-published source?]