Suicide in Russia

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Suicide in Russia is a significant national social issue, though suicide rates have decreased and now are average. As of April 2016 the suicide rate dropped by 7.2% compared to 2015, and reached 15.4 suicides per 100,000 citizens, the lowest level in 54 years.[1] Researchers have observed a close association between heavy alcohol consumption in Russia and suicide.[2]

Dynamics[edit]

In 2015 there were 17.1 suicides per 100,000 people;[3] in 2016, it dropped to 15.6.[4]

The suicide rate has been steadily decreasing since it peaked at around 40 per 100,000 people in the mid-late 1990s, including a 30% drop from 2001 to 2006.[5] In 2007 about 22% of all suicides were committed by people aged 40–49, and almost six times as many Russian males commit suicide as females.[6]

Alcohol and suicide[edit]

Further information: Alcoholism in Russia

Heavy alcohol use is a significant factor in the suicide rate, with an estimated half of all suicides correlated with alcohol abuse.[2][7] Russia's suicide rate has declined since the 1990s, alongside per capita alcohol consumption, despite the economic crises since then; therefore it is believed that alcohol consumption is more of a factor than economic conditions.[7]

Teenage suicides[edit]

In 2012, the rate of teenage suicides in Russia was three times higher than the world average.[8]

2006 statistics[edit]

Number of suicides per 100,000 by age group and gender. Russia, 2006
Age (years) 5–14 15–24 25–34 35–44 45–54 55–64 65–74 75+
Males 2.8 43.7 70.9 66.3 71.4 61.6 70.0 86.5
Females 1.1 7.4 9.0 9.1 10.3 8.9 13.3 24.8
Average 2.0 25.8 39.8 36.9 38.6 31.4 33.8 40.7
Source: World Health Organization[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b "Heavy Drinking and Suicide in Russia" (PDF). National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ WHO Russia suicide statistics WHO retrieved on March 21, 2008
  6. ^ One million people commit suicide every year globally RIA Novosti Retrieved on March 21, 2008
  7. ^ a b Demoscope - Demographic, social and economic consequences of alcohol abuse in Russia Demoscope Retrieved on July 6, 2010
  8. ^ Kates, Glenn (19 April 2012). "A Spate of Teenage Suicides Alarms Russians". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  9. ^ "Suicide Rates Russia" (PDF). WHO. Retrieved 14 January 2013.